Overview The Shift from 20 th to 21 st Century Education My 21 st Century Shift Societal Shifts The Design of Education Shift The School/District Shift What’s Your Shift?
My 21st Century Shift
Shift Assignment Write down a societal shift of the last 25 years that has had a dramatic impact. Hashtag: #humshift
Shift: Routine to Complex Mean task input as percentiles of the 1960 task distribution Economy-wide measures of routine and non-routine task input (US) (Levy and Murnane)
Shift: Fixed Knowledge to Limitless Knowledge
Shift: Manufacturing Jobs to Service Jobs
Shift: Rising Importance of the 4Cs
American Management Association surveyed 768 managers and other executives about the importance of the 4Cs to their organizations Critical Skills Survey
How are the 4Cs recognized within organizations? Has your organization made an effort to assess these skills and competencies when hiring new employees? SkillAgree/ Strongly Agree Critical thinking69.1% Communication skills75.4% Collaboration/team building60.2% Creativity and innovation53.3% Source: AMA 2012 Critical Skills Survey, conducted December 2012
How are the 4Cs recognized within organizations? Has your organization measured these skills and competencies during annual performance reviews? SkillAgree/ Strongly Agree Critical thinking67.8% Communication skills74.9% Collaboration/team building67.2% Creativity and innovation53.4% Source: AMA 2012 Critical Skills Survey, conducted December 2012
What has changed in business today? How do you believe your organization will view these skills and competencies in the next 3-5 years? They will become less important1.4% They will remain the same21.4% They will become more important74.6% No opinion2.6% Source: AMA 2012 Critical Skills Survey, conducted December 2012
. MathScienceEnglishSocial Studies. Content MasteryCritical thinker Effective communicator Effective collaborator Creative and innovative Student AStudent B Which student would you choose?
The Design of Education Shift
The Shift from “Question #1” Education To “Question #2” Education (AP Redesign)
18 Take a look at this college-level biology question Prothalli Fronds Stipes Roots Rhizomes The creeping horizontal and subterranean stems of ferns are referred to as
19 Now examine this college-level biology question An increase in 0 2 concentration in the plasma will lead to a decrease in H + concentration An increase in CO 2 concentration in the plasma will lead to an increase in H + concentration A decrease in sweating will lead to an increase in HCO 3 concentration A decrease in respiration will lead to an increase in plasma O 2 concentration The equation above shows a reversible reaction that occurs in blood. An Olympic marathoner training at high altitude in Colorado feels dizzy and begins hyperventilating while taking a run. Her blood pH is elevated, resulting in alkalosis. How will normal blood pH be restored? H + + HCO 3 H C0 2
Goals AssessmentPedagogy Professional Development Technology An Integrated Shift
20 th Century Curricula versus 21 st Century Curricula 20 th Century Curricula21 st Century Curricula Content ModelContent masteryDeep understanding Adoption/Authorship Model Written by commercial publishers with little customization by school or districts Curricula selection, design and development is highly customized Standards ModelAligned to standards that focus on breadth Aligned to standards that reflect essential understandings Revision ModelRevisions based on textbook adoption cycle Continual revisions led by collaborative teacher teams Student Work ModelStudent work demonstrates factual mastery Student work emphasizes complex performances Source: “The Leader’s Guide to 21 st Century Education: 7 Steps for Schools and Districts,” Pearson, Page 76
The Shift to the Common Core: Is it enough?
Common Core Critical Thinking Problem Solving Communication Skills …and More CollaborationCreativityGlobal CompetencyFinancial LiteracySelf DirectionTech Literacy
The School/District Shift
Shift in Leadership Shift in Pedagogy Shift toward Collaborative Continuous Improvement Three shifts toward 21 st century education:
Shift in Leadership: Putting leadership in a higher gear.
Shift in Leadership Upper Arlington City School District (Upper Arlington, Ohio)