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Women Seeking Safety Preliminary Findings of The Healing Journey Project J. Ursel & C. Fraehlich SSHRC CURA & PAF.

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Presentation on theme: "Women Seeking Safety Preliminary Findings of The Healing Journey Project J. Ursel & C. Fraehlich SSHRC CURA & PAF."— Presentation transcript:

1 Women Seeking Safety Preliminary Findings of The Healing Journey Project J. Ursel & C. Fraehlich SSHRC CURA & PAF

2 Table 1: Recruitment Sites and Number of Participants Recruited by Province Province City/town Number of Participants _____________________________________________________________________ Manitoba Winnipeg161 Small Town /Rural 47 North 14 TOTAL222 _____________________________________________________________________ Saskatchewan Regina 62 Saskatoon 84 Prince Albert/north 68 TOTAL 214 _____________________________________________________________________ Alberta Calgary & area 93 Edmonton & area 75 Small Town/Rural 43 North 18 TOTAL 229 _____________________________________________________________________ Overall total 665

3 Participant Demographics Age ranged from 18 to 80 years (average age 36 years) Age ranged from 18 to 80 years (average age 36 years) 91% have children 91% have children 15% have 5 or more children 15% have 5 or more children 49% have annual household income less than $15,000 49% have annual household income less than $15,000 43% have less than high school education 43% have less than high school education

4 Table 2: Partner’s Disruption of Work/Education ______________________________________________ Manitoba Sask. Alberta Manitoba Sask. Alberta Partner Interfered with Work 67% 58% 68% with Work 67% 58% 68% Partner Harassed at Work 47% 50% 50% at Work 47% 50% 50% Partner Refused to let her Work 37% 36% 47% Partner Interfered with Education 65% 61% 67% with Education 65% 61% 67%

5 Table 3: Employment and Education Status of Participants Status Manitoba Sask. Alberta Employed 35%40% 41% Type of Employment: Full time 17%24% 24% Part time 13% 13% 12% Casual 11% 6% 12% Student 30% 17% 17% _________________________________________

6 Table 4: Family Disruptions in Childhood Experience Manitoba Sask. Alberta Foster home placement 26% 17% 10% placement 26% 17% 10% Other Child Welfare Intervention 18% 9% 7% Left home due to violence 50% 44% 36% to violence 50% 44% 36%_______________________________________

7 Table 5: Witnessing Violence in Childhood WitnessManitobaSask. Alberta WitnessManitobaSask. Alberta Participant 63%53% 56% Participant’s Partner 64%66% 62% Participant’s Mother 34%35% 29% Participant’s Father 29%22% 26% _______________________________________

8 Table 6: Experience of Childhood Physical/Sexual Abuse VictimManitoba Sask. Alberta VictimManitoba Sask. Alberta Participant 76% 68% 68% Participant 76% 68% 68% Partner 65% 57% 58% Partner 65% 57% 58% Mother 44% 41% 38% Mother 44% 41% 38% Father 26% 27% 24% Father 26% 27% 24%_______________________________________

9 Table 7: Participants Experience of Childhood Abuse ____________________________________________ Experience ManitobaSask. Alberta Physical Abuse65%55%51% Sexual Abuse60%49%55% Emotional Abuse74%60%65% Neglect43%37%42% Witnessed Violence63%53%56% Violence63%53%56%___________________________________________

10 Table 8: Adult Abuse Experiences of Participants Experience ManitobaSask. Alberta Abused When Pregnant 78%74% 75% Partner Used Weapon 42%41% 43% Raped by Partner 41%38% 44% Mean Score Abuse Scale* ______________________________________________

11 Table 9: Health Impacts of Abuse on Participants Consequences of AbuseManitoba Sask. Alberta Long Term Illness/Disability From Childhood Abuse 7% 4% 6% From Partner Abuse 23% 9%33% Total 30% 33%39% Tried to Commit Suicide 31% 33%27% ______________________________________________

12 Table 10: Social Assistance/Housing Utilization __________________________________ Service UsedManitoba Sask. Alberta Social Assistance89% 73%81% Social Housing 70% 39%56% __________________________________

13 Table 11: Participant Utilization of Abuse Specific Services Service Used Manitoba Sask. Alberta Stayed at Shelter62% 54% 73% Second Stage Housing20% 12% 35% Called Crisis Line55% 36% 48% Counselling Program84% 82% 89% ______________________________________________

14 Table 12: Participants Use/Involvement in Legal Services Service Used Manitoba Sask. Alberta Police77% 72% 83% Police77% 72% 83% Criminal Court49% 46% 48% Criminal Court49% 46% 48% No Contact Orders63% 51% 53% No Contact Orders63% 51% 53% Family Law43% 40% 46% Family Law43% 40% 46%_______________________________________

15 Table 13: Partner’s Criminal History by Province Status Manitoba Sask. Alberta Ever Arrested82% 81% 76% Ever Convicted64% 68% 65% Arrest for IPV*58% 58% 50% Convicted of IPV38% 44% 35% Arrest for assault on Participant20% 15% 18% on Participant20% 15% 18% Convict for assault on Participant12% 14% 11% on Participant12% 14% 11%

16 Table 14: Women’s Experience of Assault and Official Criminal Justice Statistics Nature of AssaultWomen’s ReportWFVC CCJS Rape41% 1% 2% Assault with Weapon42% 15% 12% WFVC – Winnipeg Family Violence Court ( ) Ursel & Hagyard, 2008 CCJS - Canadian Centre for Justice Statistics: Statistical Profile 2004

17 Table 15: What Did You Think of Police Response? (n = 167) Aboriginal Women % Non-Aboriginal Women% Total % Positive Negative Mixed Factual81211

18 Table 16: How Were You Treated by Prosecutors? (n = 70) Aboriginal Women % Non- Aboriginal Women % Total% Positive Negative Mixed/Neutral22010

19 Table 17: How Were You Treated by Judges? (n = 91) Aboriginal Women % Non- Aboriginal Women % Total % Positive Negative Mixed/Neutral183624

20 Table 18: Some Homes Are More Lethal Than War Canada, U.S. Casualties War/Police Casualties Female Domestic CasualtiesRatio Canada :1 U.S.A. 4,5888,0002:1 * Brian Vallée, Key Porter Books, Toronto 2008

21 Table 19: Female Domestic Homicide Rates 1993 – 2002 [rate per million couples] Western Canada


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