Presentation on theme: "Fuel Cell Extended Runtime Stationary Power Datacenter Angelo Monteleone Business Development Manager November 2013."— Presentation transcript:
Fuel Cell Extended Runtime Stationary Power Datacenter Angelo Monteleone Business Development Manager November 2013
SHIFT POWER | ENERGIZE YOUR WORLD There is a power shift happening worldwide From fossil fuels to a blend of renewable, accessible alternatives From volatility to user-controlled supply management From excess waste and emissions to sustainable energy inventories and zero-emissions From single-resource dependence to multi-purpose energy architectures From thinking backward to rebuilding energy confidence in the future 2 CoverTel Power exists to accelerate this power shift by engineering and building the technologies needed to make it happen.
Extended Run-time UPS with Fuel Cells
Data Centre UPS Ideal Requirements Compact, high-density power generators in the racks next to the loads Unlimited energy storage, moved out of the data room Modular, plug-in power generation units, easy installation, interface and commissioning with standard UPS models Easy future upgrade for increased power by adding modules and racks No decay* due to operation No decay* due to disuse (dormancy) No decay* due to start/stop cycling No periodic start-up requirement Safety requirements easily met Reduced or eliminated maintenance requirements Lower overall costs than pure battery solution Exactly predictable run-time Run-time easily further extended while operating online * - performance as well as reliability!
Fuel Cell Extended Run UPS and Stand-by Power System Rack Fuel Cells DC/DC’s Cooling HEX Ventilation System Controller Local LCD display keypad user interface 19” Rack Standard UPS APC Series Smart-UPS VT or Symmetra PX Grid connection Bridging power User communication Inverters and rectifiers Fuel Cell Extended Run UPS / Stand- by System Rated 10, 20 or 30 kW N+1 redundancy capable Fuel Cell Power Module(s) Stack Air management H2 management FC Module Control CAN-Interface 10 kW net
Rack Arrangement System Controller (2U) DC/DC #1 (3U) DC/DC #2 (3U) DC/DC #3 (3U) FC #1 (7U) FC #2 (7U) FC #3 (7U) Cooling System Heat Exchanger Water Drain H2 Supply (10U) Total 42U = 1.87 m Upper Infrastructure interfaces Ventilation and exhaust duct, with integrated H2 supply quick-connect. Pre-installed power bus-bars, communications interfaces, cables Quick-connect cooling Heat exchanger, pump, manifolds, drain
Fuel Cells combine the advantages of batteries and gensets
Runtime Diagram: Fuel Cell with One H2 Bundle and APC Symmetra PX 96 kW 400 V (SY…96H-PD) > 30 kW is problematic with battery-only solution above 3 h runtime > 40 kW is problematic with battery-only solution above 2 h runtime > 70 kW is problematic with battery-only solution above 1 h runtime w/ (4) Battery Racks w/ (3) Battery Racks w/ (2) Battery Racks w/ (1) Battery Rack w/ Fuel Cell & (1) bundle
FC Interfaces Dry Cooler or Chiller Ventilation, Exhaust Exhaust Blower Water Drain Coolant Supply Coolant Return Hydrogen Storage H2 Feed Line Communications -192 V 0V +192 V dc Local Output 380/400 V 50 Hz 3-Ph AC Mains 380/400 V 50 Hz 3-Ph AC Fuel Cell-R10/20/30 Rack APC SMART-UPS VTP or Symmetra PX UPS Batteries for “Bridging ” power and Step- loads UPS Infra- structure (Local off-grid “island” Inverters) Controller DC-DC’s Fuel Cells 3x 10 kW Cooling Grid Synchronized Output 400V 50 Hz 3-Ph AC OPTIONAL
Data Center Application References
Reference Installations to 2009 End UserCountryNumber of Modules APC KoldingDK1 X 10 kW BankInvest CopenhagenDK1 x 10 kW UPS Systems HungerfordUK1 x 10 kW Winton Capital Management, Kensington UK3 x 10 kW Comtec Enterprises, SurreyUK3 x 10 kW MoDSLO3 x 10 kW Swisscom / U. of Appl. Sc. Lucerne CH1 x 10 kW Interlink TorontoCA2 x 10 kW NRCan VancouverCA3 x 10 kW APC West KingstonUS1 x 10 kW US Department of the ArmyUS3 x 10 kW US National Weather ServiceUS1 x 10 kW True View ChicagoUS2 x 10 kW Totals: 13 Systems6 Countries25 Modules, 250 kW 5 systems are fully populated with 3 modules 2 systems are with 2 modules 6 systems are with 1 module By Country: UK: 7 modules, US: 7 modules CA: 5 modules SLO: 3 modules DK: 2 modules CH: 1 module 13 modules in Europe 12 modules in North America 25 Modules 250 kW net 13 Systems 6 Countries
APC HQ, West Kingston Rhode Island PDUFCXRUPS H2 Storage
Interlink Connectivity, Toronto 5 th floor of a 21-story building in downtown Toronto built in the 1920s Battery bank option was too bulky and heavy Diesel generation installation was too costly 30 kW system air conditioning load and server load Fuel cell and UPS in the server room Hydrogen storage located in an adjacent room
Swisscom, Lucerne Swisscom mobile R&D Partner and host site: Lucerne University of Applied Science Connected to APC DP310E UPS in an outdoor container – up to 10 kW Super-capacitors for bridging power Up to 6 h of backup with antenna load of 2.4 kW, or 2 h at 10 kW 256 simulations of grid-failure up to 8.5 kW loads in the first 2 year project Project extended for a 2 nd 2-year term
Comtec Enterprises, Surrey 30 kW, 30 kVA ICT Communications Company, Reigate, Surrey, UK Datacentre, 24/7 Network Operations Centre “Eco-Structure” Web-Hosting environment Winner of Datacentre 2007 Award for Innovation in Micro-Datacentres 15
16 Nukissiorfiit: Energy Utility, End Client H2Logic: System Integration & Project Management H 2 KT Project: Nuuk, Greenland Controller DC-DC’s Fuel Cells 2 x 10 kW Cooling Local Inverters Hybrid energy storage Grid Inverters Scope:
17 H2 Mini Grid System: Rotherham, Yorkshire Hydrogen Mini-Grid System Yorkshire Forward’s Advanced Manufacturing Park, Environmental Energy Technology Center Rotherham (Sheffield), Yorkshire Environmentally-Efficient Building UPS Systems PLC: FC Integration, Power Electronics and Control FC Rack Fuel Cell Modules (30 kW) Hydrogenics Scope: Scope:
(Herten, Germany) Scope of supply: Fuel Cell -R, 50kW Fuel Cell System Fuel Cell -30 Electrolyzer, Indoor Version Equipment delivered HySTAT™-30 electrolyzer HyPM ™-R, 50kW fuel cell system
Sir Samuel Griffith Center, Brisbane, Australia Controller DC-DC’s Fuel Cells 6 x 10 kW = 60 kW Cooling (2) Fuel Cells 30kW FC Racks Electrolyzer30 Delivery Scheduled 2Q 2013
Compact, high- density power generators in the racks next to the loads Modular plug-in power generation units, easily installed, interfaced and commissioned with standard UPS models Ideal Spatial/Efficiency Attributes Energy storage moved out of the data room Easy power capacity upgrade by adding modules and racks Valuable data center space is saved for revenue- generating equipment (servers!)
Ideal Performance Attributes No decay due to operation No decay due to dormancy No decay due to start/stop cycling Reliable. Impervious, Stable. Bankable. Safe. Safety requirements easily met No periodic start-up requirement Energy Certainty.
Runtime easily extended from Days to Weeks Extended-run Rack and Stand-by Generator All-in-one Runtime easily continued online by tank hot-swap Higher Efficiency than IC Engines Run time is predictable with total accuracy Extends UPS runtime from Minutes to Days Ideal System Merits
In Conclusion Combines the Advantages of Batteries and Gensets but without the disadvantages Less maintenance than batteries and gensets No energy storage decay as with batteries More reliable than IC engine + Genset + ATS combination 100% Clean and Sustainable with energy from renewable sources Especially well suited for pollution "non- attainment" zones