2 Functionalist ViewKingsley Davis & Wilbert Moore felt that stratification in society is inevitable because:Society must make certain that its positions are filledSome positions are more important than othersThe more important positions must be filled by the more qualified peopleTo motivate the more qualified people to fill these positions, society must offer them greater rewards
3 Example: General Motors Daniel F. Akerson (CEO)Greater responsibilityMust answer to the Board of TrusteesMust answer to stock holdersHis actions can affect the outcome of many jobs
4 Accountable Positions Greater rewards for its more demanding and accountable positionsPosition requires more training (college education and testing)Society works better if its most qualified people hold its most important spots
5 Melvin Tumin Finds Flaws Tumin uses 3 arguments against functionalist positionFunctionalists say the most important positions get the higher rewards. But how do we know that the positions with the highest rewards are the most important?Surgeons and Garbage Collectors (both important)Need for independent ways to measure importance
6 Tumin’s ArgumentsFunctionalists felt that all positions would be awarded by merit. But what do we really have?Is it true ability that goes to college or is it based on moneySociety places men above women, which means talent and ability holds the highest positions is not true.
7 Tumin’s ArgumentIf social stratification is so fuctional, almost everyone should benefit from it.People born in poor societies and women delegated to “women’s work” are examples of people not maximizing their mental abilities
8 Conflict PerspectiveConflict theorists feel conflict not function is the reason why we have social stratificationGaetano Mosca (Italian Sociologist) felt every society will be stratified by powerNo society exist unless it is organizedIt will always require some sort of leadershipLeadership means inequalities of powerSome people take leadership, some people are followersHuman nature is self centeredPeople in power will use their position to get greater rewards