2 Cold War Historiography The orthodox interpretationThe revisionistinterpretationModerate revisionistviewThe post-revisionist viewRevival of orthodoxyReturn to orthodoxy in thePutin-Medvedev era???
3 The orthodox interpretation Why the Cold War?Soviet aggressionWhy the aggression?Ideological evangelism?Russian imperialism?Does not matterIts monolithic natureThe US reaction?US sought to continue wartime cooperationForced to stand up to Soviet behaviourThe Truman Doctrine?All the Soviets’ fault
4 Why the orthodox interpretation? Breakdown of the anti-Nazi allianceSoviet domination of Eastern EuropeComplete by 1948Berlin (1948)Spread of the Cold War to Asia:The “loss of China”Korea ( )IndochinaMcCarthyism
5 The revisionist interpretation Breakdown of the wartime allianceUS faultSoviet behaviour? What would you expect?US imperialistic- why?Markets/ investment/ raw materialsRegimes to look after US interests
6 Why the revisionist interpretation? The Vietnam WarQuestioning of the war led to questioning of the bases of US foreign policyThe 60s: an era of protest and challengeNixon engendered opposition thinkingThe manThe Pentagon PapersWatergate
7 The moderate revisionist interpretation Personality focussedIf only FDR and not TrumanTruman surrounded by fanatically anti-Russian advisorsKennanCliffordNitzeAcheson
8 Why the moderate revisionist interpretation? FDR’s willingness to trust and work with StalinTruman’s hardline approachHis inexperience?Beholden to his advisors?But blame still on US
9 Revival of orthodoxy When? What? Why? The 1980s Back to it’s all the fault of the SovietsWhy?The Reagan era“the evil empire”Soviet invasion of AfghanistanEnd of détente
10 The post-revisionist interpretation Washington and MoscowBoth sides had their faultsBoth sides pushing their national interestsIgnorance of each otherLed to misunderstandingNearly nuclear warStalin?Security his concernBut: couldn’t be sureGaddis particularly hard on the role of Stalin
11 Why the post-revisionist interpretation? Opening up of the Soviet archivesBut do not overplay thisThe Cold War was now overAllows a non-partisan approachAvoids the Soviet apologist approach
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