2Administering School Assessed Coursework in the new Units 3 & 4 Psychology Study Design. What has to be done?
3i.e. one pair of tasks per Outcome and 4 tasks per Unit A general overview of Units 3 & 4 in the new Study Design before focussing exclusively on Unit 3.Students will have to undertake a pair of tasks to meet each of the two Outcomes for each unit.i.e. one pair of tasks per Outcome and 4 tasks per Unit
4Unit 4 Unit 3 Outcome 1 Outcome 1 Outcome 2 Outcome 2 T T Task 1
5Unit 3 (p. 27) & Unit 4 (p. 33) in the Study Design. Pairs of tasks must be chosen from the lists of tasks in Pair A and Pair B outlined forUnit 3 (p. 27) & Unit 4 (p. 33) in the Study Design.
7Remember: There are now only 2 Areas of Study per Unit. It doesn’t matter whether you choose 2 tasks from Pair A or Pair B for Outcome 1, but you must then choose 2 tasks from the other pair for Outcome 2 in the Unit.Remember: There are now only 2 Areas of Study per Unit.
8In both Units 3 & 4, Pair A contains a mandated task. For Unit 3 the mandated task is a Report of a Research Investigation conducted by the student.In Unit 4 the mandated task is an Annotated Folio of Practical Activities.
9This may cause us tothink about which ofthe 2 Outcomes we’ll choosechoose for themandatory task.i.e. the very nature of these mandatory tasks may influence the Outcome to which you choose to attach it.
11Given that the mandatory task in Unit 3 is a Report on a Research Investigation conducted by the student, you may find it easier to administer this task with Outcome 2: ‘Memory’, than with Outcome 1:‘Mind, Brain & Body’.
12If so, then the other task for Outcome 2 must also be chosen from Pair A. The choice is from:a data analysisa media response, ora test
13What will influence which of these three options you choose? Ease of the task for you to administer?Ease of the task forstudents to undertake?
14Potential for students to achieve the highest grade? Ability of the task to address most of the components of the Outcome or at least those not yet addressed by the Reporton a Research Investigation?Ease of correction of the task?
15Our final decision might be driven by a combination of these factors - an Outcome that’s good for you, good for the VCAA, and good for your students.
16Most research is specific in the content it addresses, so there is probably a lot of the Outcome still to address.Teachers are meant to try and address most components of any given Outcome.
17This may mean that many teachers will choose a Test because it’s easier to be comprehensive with a Test.
18Teachers sometimes feel that Tests provide the best preparation for examinations. However, it is important to consider the different learning styles and abilities of your students. Ideally, we should provide a range of tasks to fulfil the Outcomes throughout the unit.Annotated FolioData analyses Tests of practical activities Oral presentationEssays Visual presentations Experiments Evaluation of research
20A set of generic principles apply to all forms of VCE assessment : SACs, examinations, oral presentations, solo and group performances, folios of work, etc.
21VCE assessment will be valid VCE assessment should be fair and reasonableVCE assessment should beequitable
22VCE assessment will be balanced VCE assessment will be efficient
23Making SAC assessment part of teaching and learning
24Step 2: Examine the assessment advice. The following four steps are crucial in developing an appropriate and effective SAC task.Step 1: Define the parameters of an outcome and its related assessment task options.Step 2: Examine the assessment advice.Step 3: Determine teaching and learning activities.Step 4: Design the assessment task
25Outcome statement Key knowledge Key skills Performance descriptors – generic statements of achievement for different levels of performance within a given outcome – i.e. they apply to whichever tasks are used for an outcome.
26Outcome Based SACS VCAA Psychology Assessment Handbook The most important publication to refer to for all assessment information for both School- Assessed Coursework and the Examinations.
27Includes advice on VCE assessment principles School-assessed CourseworkScope of tasksDesigning the assessment tasksMaking assessment part of teaching and learning
28Plus: School-assessed Coursework Unit 3 Performance descriptors Sample approaches to School-assessed Coursework
29Let’s have a look at how the assessment handbook outlines how to best design SACs that cater for the outcomes in Units 3 & 4 Psychology.A few steps to consider in designing outcome-based SACs
30Step 1: Define the parameters of the outcome and its related assessment task options. For Outcome 1:Explain the relationship between the brain, states of consciousness including sleep, and behaviour, and describe the contribution of selected studies and brain research methods to the investigation of brain function.
31Bloom’s Taxonomy, and the instruction/command terms within each outcome, give us an idea of the requirements and types of questions we should develop for students in the task itself.
32To explain students should be able to access the understanding thinking skills in Bloom’s taxonomy -interpreting, summarising, paraphrasing, classifying, explainingTo describe, students should be able toaccess the remembering thinking skills in Bloom’s Taxonomy –Recognising, listing, describing, retrieving, naming, finding
33Then select the pair of tasks for the Outcome Let’s select Pair B Two of the following tasks: an evaluation of research, an essay, a media response, an annotated folio of practical activities, an oral presentation using two or more data types, a test or a visual presentation (25 marks each).
34Task SelectionThe tasks you will select will depend on your students and how you believe you can best cover all aspects of the outcome.The tasks you select will not need to necessarily cover every single key knowledge dot point or every single key skill but it should be:
35a fair representation of the outcome (cover all aspects in the outcome) andallow the students to demonstrate the highest level of performance.
36There should also be a wide variety of tasks chosen where possible to allow all students to demonstrate the highest level of performance.The Unit 3 examination is the task designed to be the assessment task that assesses students on every key knowledge dot point and key skill.
37What tasks could suit each outcome? Thinking about including a wide range of tasks for the first part of Outcome 1,‘Explain the relationship between the brain, states of consciousness including sleep, and behaviour,probably lends itself to a test or visual presentation (annotated poster)
38The second part of Outcome 1, describe the contribution of selected studies and brain research methods to the investigation of brain function,probably lends itself to an evaluation of research or media response task.
39For Outcome 2Compare theories that explain the neural basis of memory and factors that affect its retention, and evaluate the effectiveness of techniques for improving and manipulating memory.
40To compare, students should be able to access the analysing thinking skills in Blooms taxonomy - Comparing, organising, deconstructing, interrogating, findingTo evaluate, students should be able to access the evaluating thinking skills in Blooms taxonomy -Checking, hypothesising, critiquing, experimenting, judging
41As pair B was selected for Outcome 1, pair A must be used for Outcome 2 a report of a research investigation conducted by the student (30 Marks).Andone of the following tasks: a data analysis, media response or test (20 Marks).
42The first part of Outcome 2, ‘compare the theories that explain the neural basis of memory and factors that affect its retention’,really lends itself to any of the three options – media response, data analysis, test
43While the second part of Outcome 2, ‘evaluate the effectiveness of techniques for improving and manipulating memory’definitely lends itself to the report on a research investigation
44Step 2: Examine the assessment advice. The performance descriptors in the assessment handbook should be referred to and be fully understoodThey give a clear indication of qualities and characteristics that you are looking for in a student response.
45Marking the task should be based on the performance descriptors in the Assessment Handbook. The performance descriptors can be adapted into a marking scheme, which should be explained to students before starting the task.
46What do the performance descriptors look like? Outcome 1MARK RANGEDESCRIPTOR: typical performance in each range25–30 marks/21–25marks/17–20Comprehensive and accurate explanation of the role of the brain in relation to states of consciousness and behaviour.Accurate and coherent description of how brain research methods are used to investigate brain function.Accurate and thorough description of how selected studies have contributed to an understanding of brain function.Advanced skills in scientific investigation and inquiry.Comprehensive and insightful application and communication of psychological information and understandings.
47Outcome 2 MARK RANGE DESCRIPTOR: typical performance in each range 25–30 marks/21–25 marks/17–20Thorough and accurate explanation of the theories of the neural basis of memory formation.Comprehensive and detailed comparison of models for explaining human memory.Sophisticated understanding of factors that affect memory retention.Critical and insightful evaluation of the effectiveness of techniques for improving and manipulating memory.Advanced skills in scientific investigation and inquiry. Comprehensive and insightful application and communication of psychological information and understandings.
48Step 3: Determine teaching and learning activities. Pre-task teaching and learning activities should also develop skills of:investigating and inquiring scientifically,applying psychological understandingsand communicating psychological information and understandings.
49Step 4: Design the assessment task. Following are examples of two teachers and the assessment tasks they decided on after completing Steps 1, 2 &
50Teacher A decided on:Outcome 1: Part 1 – Visual Presentation&Outcome 1: Part 2 – Evaluation of ResearchOutcome 2: Part 1 – TestOutcome 2: Part 2 – Research Investigation
51Teacher BOutcome 1: Part 1 – Test&Outcome 1: Part 2 – Data AnalysisOutcome 2: Part 1 – Media ResponseOutcome 2: Part 2 – Research Investigation
52Let’s have a look at how we could design one of Teacher A’s SACs
53Teacher AOutcome 1: Part 1 – Visual Presentation Explain the relationship between the brain, states of consciousness including sleep, and behaviour, Which performance descriptors relate best to this aspect of the outcome?
54Highest performance descriptor for Outcome 1 Comprehensive and accurate explanation of the role of the brain in relation to states of consciousness and behaviour.Accurate and coherent description of how brain research methods are used to investigate brain function.Accurate and thorough description of how selected studies have contributed to an understanding of brain function.Advanced skills in scientific investigation and inquiry.Comprehensive and insightful application and communication of psychological information and understandings.
55If we then take those two performance descriptors: Comprehensive and accurate explanation of the role of the brain in relation to states of consciousness and behaviour.ANDComprehensive and insightful application and communication of psychological information and understandings.
56Which key skills and key knowledge are you going to cover in the visual presentation task?
57Need to also consider that for the students to be able to meet the highest performance descriptor they need to be able to give:‘comprehensive and accurate explanation’ and‘comprehensive and insightful application and communication’
58Most likely key skills and key knowledge?..........
59The next thing to decide is the format of the visual presentation……….. PowerpointGraphic OrganiserPamphletPoster, etc.
60Then to covert the performance descriptors into a marking scheme out of 25 marks There are a number of ways of doing this
61Assigning individual marks for particular knowledge skills Use of a rubricOther suggestions?
62The most important things to consider when developing outcome-based SACs are: - advice contained in Assessment Handbook- 4 steps involved- using a range of assessment tasks to cater for all students learning styles- providing students with the opportunity to demonstrate the highest level of performance