Presentation on theme: "The Research Process & MLA Formatting"— Presentation transcript:
1 The Research Process & MLA Formatting Mrs. Huynh-Duc9th Grade Honors
2 First of all…What is Plagiarism? Essentially, plagiarism is not giving credit where credit is due.
3 What Happens If I Plagiarize? You receive an “F” on your projectI will have to write you up for administrative consequencesIt may be on your permanent record
4 How to Avoid Plagiarism Don’t copy anything verbatim- paraphrase as you take notesIf you do copy something word-for-word, put in quotation marks and make a note of the page numberUse a system to keep track of your sourcesChoose your sources carefullyDon’t borrow the structure of another author’s phrases or sentences (no cut-and-paste)DO NOT USE another writer’s IDEAS without proper citationDO NOT USE another writer’s WORDS without proper citation
5 Using MLA Format MLA (Modern Language Association) is a commonly used method for documenting sources in a written work.For the beginner, MLA can be daunting, but there are manyresources for the student to use, and in time, this method willbecome a piece of cake.
6 Why use MLA format? Allows readers to cross reference your sources easilyProvides consistent format within aparticular disciplineGives you credibility as a writerProtects you from plagiarism
7 Where do I find MLA? Your project materials give you the basics MLA Handbook for Writers of Research, 6th ed.
8 Two Parts of MLAPARENTHETICAL CITATIONS within your outline (or, in the future, your research paper)WORKS CITED PAGE
9 Parenthetical Notation (In-text Citations) The Two Basic Features Always Used When Citing a Source In Your Paper:The last name(s) of the author (or authors)The page number(s) where the information is located, unlessthe source is online or only one page longDo not include the abbreviation “p.” (or “pp.”) or theword page or pages
10 Parenthetical Notation (Examples) One Author, named in your introductory phraseAccording to Jane Leeves, there are too many rules when itcomes to writing a research paper (21).Author not named in the textIn the last ten years, the guidelines for writing an “A” paperhave become very stringent and selective (Leeves 17-18).Two or more authors: (Leeves and Smith 71).Work cited indirectly in another source“Writing became a way to become coherent in the world.” (Morrison qtd. in Samuels 7).
11 What is the format for a long quote? If a quotation is four lines or longer, indent each line of textten spaces on the left; quotation marks are omitted; no periodafter citation:When Ambrose asked Tom Hanks if he is an optimist, Hanks replied:Shamelessly so. I apologize to my friends and family because Isay it all the time, but if you had told me in 1966 that I’d be anactor and make movies, I would have thought you were insane.If you told me in 1966 I’d be married and have four great kids,I could never have imagined it. (68)
12 How do I paraphrase?Original Text: The amazingly fast recovery of the cancerpatient baffled the doctors and scientists.Unacceptable ParaphrasingThe cancer patient’s amazingly fast recovery surprised thescientists and doctors.Acceptable ParaphrasingWhen they were informed about the speedy recovery of the cancerpatient, neither doctors nor scientists could provide areasonable explanation.
13 What is Works Cited?At the end of your paper, you must list the authors’names alphabetically (last name first) of all the sources yourefer to in your paperMost citations should include:Author’s NameTitle of PublicationPublication Information (Location, Publisher, Year)
14 Works Cited (Examples) Books-One Author:Leeves, Jane. Writing An “A” Paper. New York: Penguin, 1995.-Two of More Authors:Jamison, Jane, and Mike Krauss. No Gain Without Pain. Chicago:Random House, 1992.-Author and Editor:Shakespeare, William. The Complete Tragedies. Ed. John Sawyer.Boston: Norton, 1987.
15 Works Cited (More Examples) Magazine article:Myers, Kevin. “Research is Overrated.” Time 25 June 2001: 7-9.Newspaper Article:Miller, Joe. “Plagiarism on the Rise.” New York Times 28 May2000: B1+.Web Page:“The Perfect Quote.” Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Vers. 55.9 August Encyclopedia Britannica. 20 August 2001<http://www.eb.com:180>.