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Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin.

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Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin."— Presentation transcript:

1 Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin American nations face in the 19 th century? Lesson Objectives: The students will understand the general causes of Latin American independence in the early 19 th century. The students will also understand the basic obstacles in Latin American societies to building stable, democratic nations.

2 Latin American Independence 1810 – Colonial Conditions: Centralized Government Dependency and Resentment Political Inexperience Catholicism Societal Divisions Race, region, class 2. Causes of Independence: American Revolution French Revolution Haitian Revolution Napoleons Invasion of Portugal 1807 and Spain 1808 Creoles vs. Peninsulares Juntas

3 3. Four Theaters Mexico Father Miguel de Hidalgo d Augustin de Iturbide (Emperor: 1821) Northern So. America Simon Bolivar Gran Columbia Southern So. America Jose de San Martin United Provinces of Rio de la Plata 1816 = Argentina 1826 Brazil Pedro I 1822 Empire of Brazil Years of Turmoil 1830 – 1880 Creole Leaders: Liberal vs. Conservatives Personalist Leaders: caudillos Underdevelopment 19 th century British Protection Raw Materials and Markets

4

5 Mexican Empire

6 Gran Columbia

7 United Provinces of Rio de La Plata 1816

8 Empire of Brazil

9 Latin American Reading Notes

10 According to Simon Bolivar, what are the challenges facing Latin America after independence?

11 According to Sarmiento, what have been the main problems with Latin American revolutions?

12 Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin American nations face in the 19 th century?


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