Presentation on theme: "Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin."— Presentation transcript:
1 Lesson 2: Latin American Independence Lesson Questions: How did Latin America achieve independence from Spain and Portugal? What obstacles did new Latin American nations face in the 19th century? Lesson Objectives: The students will understand the general causes of Latin American independence in the early 19th century. The students will also understand the basic obstacles in Latin American societies to building stable, democratic nations.
2 Latin American Independence 1810 – 1830 1. Colonial Conditions:Centralized GovernmentDependency and ResentmentPolitical InexperienceCatholicismSocietal DivisionsRace, region, class2. Causes of Independence:American RevolutionFrench RevolutionHaitian RevolutionNapoleon’s Invasion of Portugal 1807 and Spain 1808Creoles vs. PeninsularesJuntas
3 3. Four Theaters Mexico Father Miguel de Hidalgo d. 1811 Augustin de Iturbide (Emperor: 1821)Northern So. AmericaSimon BolivarGran ColumbiaSouthern So. AmericaJose de San MartinUnited Provinces of Rio de la Plata 1816 = Argentina 1826BrazilPedro I 1822Empire of Brazil4. 50 Years of Turmoil 1830 – 1880Creole Leaders: Liberal vs. ConservativesPersonalist Leaders: caudillosUnderdevelopment19th century British ProtectionRaw Materials and Markets