Presentation on theme: "The e-businessguide Developed by the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts (DCITA) in June 2003 Two main components: a getting."— Presentation transcript:
2The e-businessguideDeveloped by the Department of Communications, Information Technology and the Arts (DCITA) in June 2003Two main components:a getting started booklet – explains how to get a computer and get onlinethe e-businessguide website - a detailed guide to using e-business
3The e-businessguide Understanding Planning Building Protecting This is a brief presentation that contains content sourced from the e-businessguide. The e-businessguide has six main components:UnderstandingPlanningBuildingProtectingManagingImprovingComprehensive information on these topics can be found by accessing the e-businessguide website:The website also contains downloadable fact sheets and template documents for you to use and links to other useful sites.
4What is e-business?Broadly speaking, the term “e-business” refers to using the Internet for doing business.Every time a business uses the Internet to conduct business, it is doing e-business.
5Are you doing e-business? If you conduct any of the following business activities using the Internet, then you are doing e-business .……You communicate with customers or clients viaYou send s to other businesses to order products and servicesYou sell your products or services via your websiteYou use the Web to find information, such as prices, phone numbers and reviews of productsYou use the Web for research, such as the latest industry trendsYou use your website to provide information about your products and servicesYou use your website as a means of managing the information in your businessYou use the Internet for online banking and paying your bills using BPay
6What are the benefits?Participating in e-business can …Create cost-savings and operational efficienciesCreate additional revenueReach more customers and marketsImprove marketing and promotionsMeet the needs and expectations of customers and suppliersConcentrate on the things that matterMake it easier for people to do business with youThe cost of not being therePlay on a level playing fieldHelp meet business goals
7Getting started To get started with e-business you will need ….. A computer that can connect to the Internet reliably and at an acceptable speedSoftware on the computer that allows you to send , browse the Web for websites and protects your computerAn account with an Internet Service Provider (ISP)Training in using the equipment and software efficientlyDetailed information, advice and minimum equipment specifications on the above can be found in the e-businessguide getting started booklet
8PlanningPlanning is absolutely essential to ensure that your precious time, money and energy is not wasted and that potential risks are minimised.The person responsible for developing the e-business plan must decide:who should be involved in the processthe responsibilities of the planning teamwhat the plan is to includewhat background research is required in order to produce the planthe time-frame for delivering the planhow best to inform staff about the plan to engage themwhen and how the plan will be reviewed and updated
9Planning - The planning process Research the opportunitiesConsider the key issuesDecide on what level of e-business is right for youPrepare your e-business plan
10Planning – What level of e-business is right for you?The “modes” of e-businessNote: many businesses will move on from one mode to the next but not all businesses will follow this path. The ultimate goal is not whether a business has been transformed, but whether the business is enjoying the optimum benefits of e-business.1. ParticipatingThe business is connected to the Internet and has an address which provides participating in the online world.2. SupportingThe business has a website which promotes and supports the existing business activities.3. ExpandingThe business uses its website to develop new business activities and to accelerate growth.4. AssimilatingThe online and offline business activities and operations are fully integrated and mutually dependent.5. TransformedThe use of Internet technology by the business has fundamentally changed its core business and the way it operates and projected it onto a higher level of business activity and profitability.
11BuildingThis section covers key technical, content and design issues to enable business owners, staff and advisors to confidently brief technical experts about their e-business needs. Main areas covered in this section:Technical issuesChoosing and preparing contentsWhat do you want users to do?Marketing and your websiteThe look and feelOrganising the contents E-commerce - selling via your websiteMaintenance considerationsDeveloping the website
12Building – Technical issues There are a number of key technical issues that need to be addressed before the building a business website can commence:Should the contents of the website be held in a database?Database securityShould the website be the central source of information for everyone?What type of Internet connection do you need?Powering and hosting your websiteGetting a website name
13Building – Choosing and preparing contents Website ‘contents’ include the words, tables, graphs, images, audio and videoThe decision about what content to include should be guided by:the aim and purpose of the sitethe audiences for which it is intendedthe resources available to provide and sustain the contentthe format of the content (eg too many rich images may result in a site which is slow to download and view)its availability in a web-ready format (eg it is in a word processor document or photo that has already been scanned)its importance within the operation of the organisationlegal issues such as copyright and privacy laws.
14Building – What do you want users to be able to do?To give users a sense of ‘control’ over your site, consider some of the tools and features you can include in your site:SearchOnline formsMembers only’ section to the site‘Interactive questionnaires/surveys/pollsAnimationsSubscription listsLinks to other sitesDownloadable filesContact UsSite mapText-only version of the siteMultilingual requirementsProvision for printing and bookmarkingNote: Time and budgets usually mean organisations have to restrict the features used on the site, so prioritising is an important task.
15Building – Marketing and your website Before the website is built, and as its features are being planned, consideration should be given to how to use the website as a marketing tool:1. Customer serviceYour website is for your target audience, not you, so make sure everything is focused on them. Give users the information and services they want, don’t hold back.Create a “customer service” section in the website that encourages users to make enquiries. Create a "frequently asked questions" section.2. Make it easy for people to do business with youWork out what customers’ online priorities are and make them your priorities Let people configure your products and servicesProvide a search feature on your site
16Building – Designing your website: The look and feel The design of the website refers the art of using colour, form, shape, typography, illustration and layout to convey a message.Familiarise yourself with various website designs, including your competitors’ websites – note what you like and don’t like to discuss with a web designer.Consider whether you need to make your website accessible to people with vision impairment and/or people with slow connections. Consider the following:Build a text-only version of your website so it is fast to accessMake sure your website complies with the World Wide Web Consortium’s accessibility guidelines - check with
17Building – E-commerceE-commerce refers to buying, selling or ordering goods on the Internet. It occurs when any commercial transaction is facilitated by the Web or .E-commerce is a sub-set of e-business.Websites or can be used to allow customers or clients to order, purchase or pay for things such as: products and servicesinformation in the form of papers, images, video or audio clips – perhaps held in a database on the sitemembership subscriptionsrates, licences and taxessubscription to specialist services, newsletters etc for which you normally chargespecifically requested research conducted by the organisation’s staffbookings and ticketsvenue/facilities bookings.
18Building – Maintenance considerations Before the website is built, it is important to consider how you want to maintain the website so that appropriate features can be built into the site from the beginning. There are a number of levels of sophistication and options for maintenance of a website: outsourced: requests for change and the new contents are ed to a web developer who makes the changesin-house – manual: the business makes the changes itself by accessing the web server and changing the programming code ie the HTMLin-house – semi-automated: the business makes the changes itself by using an off-the-shelf editing program eg FrontPage or Dreamweaverin-house – automated: the business makes the changes itself by using a maintenance tool built by the web developer specifically for the business to enable it to maintain its own site – this solution is often referred to as a content management system.
19Building – Developing the website The step-by-step process for developing a website involves:Writing the development briefPreparing the development contractSelecting the web developerStaging the developmentThe technical specifications exerciseThe construction phaseTesting the siteDelivery and deployment
20ProtectingAs the Internet becomes an increasingly important tool for businesses, electronic security (e-security) has emerged as a major issue.If your business is connected to the Internet, it is essential to ensure that your business data, including customer information, is safe and that your transactions are carried out securely - otherwise, there is a risk of transactions being intercepted, privacy codes being breached, company information being stolen and loss of money.
21Protecting – Why be secure? Connecting computers to the Internet allows consumers and businesses to access a wealth of information and resources.However, it also creates the risk that computers may be tampered with by hackers, or attacked by viruses distributed via . It is important to protect yourself against these risks. A survey* of Australian companies conducted in 2001 found that 98% had been subject to some form of computer abuse that included:virus infectiondata theftdata compromised from internal or external sourcesunauthorised use of computer equipmentunauthorised network accesswebsite damagedenial of service (DoS)* Source: Trusting The Internet, produced by DCITA
22Protecting – Where do I start? What part of my business is at risk?Any information transmitted over the Internet can be intercepted at any point if appropriate security precautions have not been taken. This is particularly important where businesses are using broadband technology because of its continuous connection to the Internet.Unauthorised users can take your data and disclose it, modify it, destroy it, sell it or post it on the web.They can hi-jack your homepage or your website, overload systems so customers cannot contact your company, shut down production lines and forward confidential staff details, personnel records and quality assurance reports.Cont/..
23Protecting – Where do I start? What part of my business is at risk?To help you determine your approach to information and system security, ask yourself the following questions:What is most important to my customers, business partners and suppliers? Most likely that:your information systems provide business data that is reliable and accuratesystems that process data are available 24 hours a day, 7 days a week (ie 24/7)any customer or business partner information that is handled by the system is securecustomer personal information will remain private and will not be shared with othersfinancial data will be secured and not compromised, corrupted or destroyedsystems are in compliance with any regulations requiring that critical business data will not be available or disclosed to unauthorised persons.2. What security promises do I want/need to make to my customers, business partners and suppliers?
24Protecting – Top ten e-security tips Use protection software “anti-virus software” and keep it up to date.Don’t open from unknown sources.Use hard-to-guess passwords.Protect your computer from Internet intruders – use “firewalls”. Don’t share access to your computers with strangers.Cont/..
25Protecting – Top ten e-security tips Disconnect from the Internet when not in use.Back up your computer data.Regularly download security protection update “patches”.Check your security on a regular basis.Make sure your family members and/or your employees know what to do if your computer becomes infected. Source: US-based National Cyber Security Alliance -
26ManagingLike any key aspect of your business, e-business requires good management if it is to be benefit the organisation.Just as people require managing, systems need to be maintained and budgets have to be monitored, any strategic use of the Internet by a business needs to be closely controlled.
27Managing – Who does the managing? An e-business management team comprising members of key areas of the business should meet regularly to:Report on actions arising from the previous meetingOutcomes this period – successes, benefits, costsContent update – additions, deletions, editing and quality issuesMarketing and promotion – usage, feedbackResources report – budget, staff training, timeTechnology issues – speed, equipmentRisk management review – new risks, security and legal issuesActions arising from this meeting
28Managing – Maintaining e-business systems An organisation’s e-business systems comprise the Internet technologies, office systems and processes that support its e-business activities.Maintaining your e-business systems includes:Website content maintenanceQuality assuranceMaking improvementsTechnical maintenanceManaging the maintenance system
29Managing – Internal policies and guidelinesDepending on how much you rely on your website as a business tool and how much you use the Internet, especially , it may be very useful to establish policies and guidelines about the use of those tools. E-business policy statements are high-level statements about the aims and intention of particular aspects of e-business. They state the overall approach that the business is taking to, say, e-commerce. An e-business policy might be a brief document that makes statements about your organisation’s general approach and aims. Policies then need guidelines and procedures that direct individual staff in their day-to-day use of the Internet. These might be in the form of step-by- step procedures or statements about what can be done online and what is discouraged or even not allowed. There are many e-business policies and guidelines published by government departments that may prove useful examples to follow when developing yours.
30ImprovingMost businesses using the Internet as a business tool know that the technology and use of , e-commerce and just about everything to do with the Internet is always changing.So looking for ways to improve current uses of the Internet is necessary and makes sense.
31Improving – Evaluating your e-business Evaluating your e-business is not just about asking users whether your website looks good or is easy to use.There are many issues that need to be evaluated beyond your website or use of . For example:are your e-business plan and business plan integrated?are you utilising the Internet to drive cost-savings as well as you might?
32Improving – Evaluating your e-business What to evaluate?Strategic issues: How else can we use the Internet to improve profitability?Management: Do we have an up-to-date and appropriate website strategy, policy and procedures? Are we using responsibly?Content and features of the website: Is the quality and scope of content and its maintenance as good as it could be?Revenue: What else can be done to generate revenue via the Internet? Efficiencies and cost savings: How else can the Internet be used to cut business costs?Marketing and promotion: Are we doing enough to promote our Internet services? How could we do it better? Are we using it effectively enough to manage customer relationships? Are we using correctly - ie according to ethical uses of and avoiding spamming?Supplier/distributor management: How can our use of the Internet improve the way we manage our suppliers/distributors? Cont/..
33Improving – Evaluating your e-business What to evaluate?Distribution: How else can we use the Internet to help distribute our services and products?E-commerce: What (else) should we be selling online?Budget: Is the e-business operating to budget?Competitors: What are our competitors doing online and what can we learn from it?Resources: Is sufficient time and money allocated to maintaining our e-business?Risk assessment: Do we have a risk management strategy? Is it effective? Is the website, and our computer systems that support it, secure enough against hackers?Legal and contractual: Does any content on our website or the way we use/sell things online, or our use of , break any laws? Do we have an appropriate contract with our web developers and ISP?Website usability: Is our website easy to use? Does it make it easy for people to do business with us?Technical issues: Is the website speed and reliability appropriate, and our connection to the Internet fast enough?
34Improving – Evaluating your e-business How to evaluate?Focus groupsInterview internal usersInterview external usersOne-off reality checksSurveys and pollsFeedback from the website BenchmarkingDo not rely on one evaluation methodology alone.
35Improving – Doing business with government online e-government refers to the use of information and communications technologies to improve the efficiency, effectiveness, transparency and accountability of government.Consider the range of business activities that you engage in where there is a requirement or need to work with government. These activities might include:starting-up a businesstaxationpaying taxesapplying for licenses and permitschecking legislationtraining and apprenticeshipsimporting and exportingemploying peoplegrants and financial assistanceclosing down a business
36Improving – Doing business with government online Investigate whether these services, help or information are available online by exploring the relevant sections of the following websites:Business Entry Point (BEP): an online government resource for the Australian business community -The Commonwealth Electronic Tender System (CETS): a web-based e-tendering facility operating as a pilot system -Doing Business Online with Government: assists suppliers to trade electronically with Australian Government agencies -Commonwealth Purchasing and Disposal Gazette: The business opportunities section of the Government Advertising website provides information on government tenders to the public free of charge and The Gazette Publishing System (GaPS) located at information about resulting contracts and standing offers and provides searching and reporting facilities for users.
37Improving – Managing the supply chain and logistics A supply chain encompasses all activities and information flows necessary for the transformation of goods from the origin of the raw material to when the product is finally consumed or discarded. This typically involves distribution of product from the supplier to the manufacturer to the wholesaler to the retailer and to the final consumer, otherwise known as nodes in the supply chain. The transformation of product from node to node includes activities such as production planning, purchasing, materials management, distribution, customer service and forecasting. Ultimately the ability to do business effectively depends on the efficient functioning of the entire supply chain.
38Improving – E-catalogues One of the components of interacting along the supply chain is the cataloguing of products that could be used as inputs for the next node in the supply chain. Putting this catalogue online can improve internal business efficiencies and ultimately the functioning of the entire supply chain. An e-catalogue is an online presentation of information on products and services that are offered and sold by an organisation.For organisations that do not have a large range of products or services, putting its catalogue on the Internet is not a difficult task. However, for those with large product lines and many service offerings, multiple buyers, complex supply-chains and logistics, converting to an e-catalogue system is a complex task and requires careful planning and implementation.
39Improving – E-marketplaces An e-marketplace is an electronic exchange where firms register as sellers or buyers to communicate and conduct business over the Internet. Services offered by e-marketplaces include business directory listings, electronic catalogues for online purchasing of goods and services and trading or transaction services. E-marketplaces that are worth considering are those that interconnect with other marketplaces and allow low-cost connection to a firm’s financial accounting systems. There has been significant rationalisation in the number of e-marketplaces operating over the last few years, and careful consideration is needed before making a commitment to join an e-marketplace, to determine whether it is appropriate for your business needs.
40For the full picture access the e-businessguide: