2 Elements of Literature PlotConflictSettingCharacterPoint of ViewTheme
3 What is Plot? Plot is the sequence of events within a literary work. The plot of a literary work can be divided into five distinct sections that can even be graphed on a diagram.
4 A Closer Look at Plot: What are the Five Divisions of Plot? ExpositionRising ActionClimaxFalling ActionResolutionClimaxRising ActionFalling ActionExpositionResolution
5 What Drives the Plot Within a Literary Work? Conflict-The struggle between opposing forcesConflict can be INTERNAL or EXTERNALMan vs. HimselfMan vs. ManMan vs. SocietyMan vs. Nature
6 What Type of Conflict Does this Picture Represent?
7 Answer… Man vs. Society… This picture depicts racial discrimination. It was law that African Americans use separate facilities because of their race. Therefore, this is an example of man vs. a rule of society.
8 What type of Conflict does this picture represent?
9 Answer…Man vs. ManThis 1942 picture illustrates two men in a boxing match
10 What is Setting? Setting is the time and place of the action Setting includes all details of a place and time—the year, the time of day, even the weather.Details such as dialect, clothing, customs, and modes of transportation are often used to establish setting
11 Describe the Setting Here within the next picture…
14 What is Character?Character is a person or an animal that takes part in the action of a literary workCharacters can be classified into several groups:Major or MinorFlat or RoundDynamic or Static
15 Major Characters vs. Minor Character Most important character(s) in the entire literary workMinor CharactersCharacters with a lesser role, but necessary for the story to develop
16 Flat Characters vs. Round Characters are often one-sided and often stereotypicalRound Charactersare fully developed and show many traits
17 Dynamic Characters vs. Static Characters grow and change as the literary work developsStatic Charactersdo not change throughout the literary work
18 What is Point of View?The perspective or vantage point from which a story is told.1st person POV3rd person limited3rd person omniscient
19 What is Point of View? 1st person POV story is told from the viewpoint of a character in the storyUses pronouns like I and we
20 What is Point of View? 3rd person limited POV The narrator is not a character in the storyThe story is told based on the view of a single characterUses pronouns like he/she and they
21 What is Point of View? 3rd person omniscient POV The narrator is not a character in the storyThe narrator is all-knowing or “god-like”—knows thoughts and feelings of all characters
22 What is Theme?The central message, concern, or purpose of a literary work.The theme is often revealed indirectly and the reader may have to look carefully at what the work reveals about people or about life.
23 What are some themes to literary works you have already read?