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Don’t Fence Me Out!. Import and Export Import : A good/service produced in one country and purchased by the United States. o EX : Japan makes Toyota vehicles.

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Presentation on theme: "Don’t Fence Me Out!. Import and Export Import : A good/service produced in one country and purchased by the United States. o EX : Japan makes Toyota vehicles."— Presentation transcript:

1 Don’t Fence Me Out!

2 Import and Export Import : A good/service produced in one country and purchased by the United States. o EX : Japan makes Toyota vehicles and the United States purchases them to sell to the American people. Export: A good/service produced in the United States and sold to other countries. o EX: The United States grows cotton and sells it to China to make clothes.

3 Tariff Definition: A tax on imported goods. EX : If the United States wanted to make sure more people bought American-made vehicles, the government could impose a tariff on all cars imported from other countries. What would this cause for the automobile industry?

4 Quota Definition : A limit on the number of goods imported into a country. EX : The United States government has put a quota on the number of computers imported from China. The United States can now only import 10,000 computers from China each year. What would this do to the American computer industry?

5 Embargo Definition : An official ban on trade with another country. Countries currently under US embargo: AfghanistanEritreaLibya BelarusFijiN. Korea BurmaRep. of GuineaPakistan ChinaHaitiSomalia Cote d’IvoireIranSri Lanka CubaIraqSudan CyprusKyrgyzstanSyria Dem. Rep. of theLebanonVenezuela CongoLiberiaVietnam Zimbabwe

6 Where were your clothes made?

7 Question #1 How do you benefit from being able to buy goods made in other countries? 1) More Choices 2) Lower Prices

8 Question #2 Would you favor a policy that would raise the price of T-shirts and reduce the amount available? (There would be less shirts to buy, and they would be more expensive)

9 Question #3 Why don’t we just have free and open trade with whoever we want, without government interference? Even though economists believe that free trade would benefit everyone involved, barriers to trade still exist today. Most barriers raise prices and reduce choices.

10 Name That Country! Country A: Restricts the number of cars that may be imported each year from Country X. Answer: United States

11 Name That Country! Country B: Provides subsidies to some companies so they can sell their products at lower prices to other countries. Answer: Japan

12 Name That Country! Country C: Imposes taxes on certain imported goods. Answer: United States

13 Why make trade harder? Countries establish policies to restrict trade in order to protect their own businesses and jobs, as well as to gain income for their own government. Example: In the 1970s, unions and US car makers supported quotas on less expensive imported cars to help keep their own products competitive.

14 Check for Understanding A 15% tax makes jewelry from Mexico more expensive than jewelry from the United States A) Tariff B) Quota C) Embargo

15 Check for Understanding A 15% tax makes jewelry from Mexico more expensive than jewelry from the United States A) Tariff

16 Check for Understanding Saudi Arabia has decided to stop selling oil to Egypt due to Egypt’s political support of Muslim Brotherhood. A) Tariff B) Quota C) Embargo

17 Check for Understanding Saudi Arabia has decided to stop selling oil to Egypt due to Egypt’s political support of Muslim Brotherhood. C) Embargo

18 Check for Understanding Korea are only allowed to export 15,000 automobiles per year to the United States. A) Tariff B) Quota C) Embargo

19 Check for Understanding Korea are only allowed to export 15,000 automobiles per year to the United States. B) Quota


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