A type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET 4 The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKER 4 The speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
POETRY FORM 4 FORM - the appearance of the words on the page 4 LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poem 4 STANZA - a group of lines arranged together A word is dead When it is said, Some say. I say it just Begins to live That day.
KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet=a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet)=a three line stanza Quatrain=a four line stanza Quintet=a five line stanza Sestet (Sextet)=a six line stanza Septet=a seven line stanza Octave=an eight line stanza
ALLITERATION 4 Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?
Repetition 4 The use of any element of language-a sound, a word, phrase or clause more than one. I’m nobody! Who are you? Are you nobody too? Then there’s a pair of us-don’t tell! They’d banish us you know. Emily Dickensen
ASSONANCE 4 Repeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry. (Often creates near rhyme.) LakeFateBaseFade (All share the long “a” sound.)
CONSONANCE 4 Similar to alliteration EXCEPT... 4 The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words “silken, sad, uncertain, rustling.. “
ONOMATOPOEIA 4 Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ 4 OR sounds that imitate another sound “The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling of each purple curtain...”
RHYME 4 Words sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds. 4 (A word always rhymes with itself.) LAMP STAMP á Share the short “a” vowel sound á Share the combined “mp” consonant sound
Rhythm 4 The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem 4 Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
LYRIC 4 A short poem 4 Usually written in first person point of view 4 Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a scene 4 Do not tell a story and are often musical 4 (Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)
HAIKU A Japanese poem written in three lines Five Syllables Seven Syllables Five Syllables An old silent pond... A frog jumps into the pond. Splash! Silence again.
NARRATIVE POEMS 4 A poem that tells a story. 4 Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot. Examples of Narrative Poems “The Raven” “The Highwayman” “Casey at the Bat” “The Walrus and the Carpenter”
CONCRETE POEMS 4 In concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem. Poetry Is like Flames, Which are Swift and elusive Dodging realization Sparks, like words on the Paper, leap and dance in the Flickering firelight. The fiery Tongues, formless and shifting Shapes, tease the imiagination. Yet for those who see, Through their mind’s Eye, they burn Up the page.
METAPHOR 4 A direct comparison of two unlike things 4 “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.” - William Shakespeare
PERSONIFICATION 4 An animal or thing given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities. Look at my car. She is a beauty, isn’t it so? The wind whispered through dry grass. The flowers danced in the gentle breeze. Time and tide waits for none. The fire swallowed the entire forest.
SIMILE 4 A comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.” 4 “She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
SYMBOLISM 4 When a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else. = Innocence = America = Peace
Hyperbole 4 Exaggeration often used for emphasis. 4 Examples: 4 If I can’t buy that new game, I will die. 4 He is as skinny as a toothpick. 4 This car goes faster than the speed of light. 4 That new car costs a bazillion dollars. 4 We are so poor; we don’t have two cents to rub together. 4 I am so hungry I could eat a horse. 4 I have a million things to do. 4 I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill. 4 I had a ton of homework.
Idiom 4 An expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says. 4 Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.