2POETRYA type of literature that expresses ideas, feelings, or tells a story in a specific form (usually using lines and stanzas)
3POINT OF VIEW IN POETRY POET The poet is the author of the poem. SPEAKERThe speaker of the poem is the “narrator” of the poem.
4POETRY FORM FORM - the appearance of the words on the page LINE - a group of words together on one line of the poemSTANZA - a group of lines arranged togetherA word is deadWhen it is said,Some say.I say it justBegins to liveThat day.
5KINDS OF STANZAS Couplet = a two line stanza Triplet (Tercet) = a three line stanzaQuatrain = a four line stanzaQuintet = a five line stanzaSestet (Sextet) = a six line stanzaSeptet = a seven line stanzaOctave = an eight line stanza
7ALLITERATION Consonant sounds repeated at the beginnings of words If Peter Piper picked a peck of pickled peppers, how many pickled peppers did Peter Piper pick?Activity: Alliteration group game
8RepetitionThe use of any element of language-a sound, a word, phrase or clause more than one.I’m nobody! Who are you? Are you nobody too? Then there’s a pair of us-don’t tell! They’d banish us you know. Emily Dickensen
9(All share the long “a” sound.) ASSONANCERepeated VOWEL sounds in a line or lines of poetry.(Often creates near rhyme.)Lake Fate Base Fade(All share the long “a” sound.)
10CONSONANCE Similar to alliteration EXCEPT . . . The repeated consonant sounds can be anywhere in the words“silken, sad, uncertain, rustling . . “
11ONOMATOPOEIA Words that imitate the sound they are naming BUZZ OR sounds that imitate another sound“The silken, sad, uncertain, rustling ofeach purple curtain . . .”
12RHYMEWords sound alike because they share the same ending vowel and consonant sounds.(A word always rhymes with itself.)LAMPSTAMPShare the short “a” vowel soundShare the combined “mp” consonant soundActivity: Rhyme group game
13Rhythm The beat created by the sounds of the words in a poem Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, alliteration and refrain.
16LYRIC A short poem Usually written in first person point of view Expresses an emotion or an idea or describes a sceneDo not tell a story and are often musical(Many of the poems we read will be lyrics.)
17A frog jumps into the pond. HAIKUA Japanese poem written in three linesFive SyllablesSeven SyllablesAn old silent pond . . .A frog jumps into the pond.Splash! Silence again.
18NARRATIVE POEMS A poem that tells a story. Generally longer than the lyric styles of poetry b/c the poet needs to establish characters and a plot.Examples of Narrative Poems“The Raven”“The Highwayman”“Casey at the Bat”“The Walrus and the Carpenter”
19CONCRETE POEMSIn concrete poems, the words are arranged to create a picture that relates to the content of the poem.PoetryIs likeFlames,Which areSwift and elusiveDodging realizationSparks, like words on thePaper, leap and dance in theFlickering firelight. The fieryTongues, formless and shiftingShapes, tease the imiagination.Yet for those who see,Through their mind’sEye, they burnUp the page.
21METAPHOR A direct comparison of two unlike things “All the world’s a stage, and we are merely players.”- William Shakespeare
22PERSONIFICATIONAn animal or thing given human-like qualities or an object given life-like qualities.•Look at my car. She is a beauty, isn’t it so?•The wind whispered through dry grass.•The flowers danced in the gentle breeze.•Time and tide waits for none.•The fire swallowed the entire forest.
23SIMILEA comparison of two things using “like, as than,” or “resembles.”“She is as beautiful as a sunrise.”
24SYMBOLISMWhen a person, place, thing, or event that has meaning in itself also represents, or stands for, something else.= Innocence= America= Peace
25Hyperbole Exaggeration often used for emphasis. Examples: If I can’t buy that new game, I will die.•He is as skinny as a toothpick.•This car goes faster than the speed of light.•That new car costs a bazillion dollars.•We are so poor; we don’t have two cents to rub together.•I am so hungry I could eat a horse.•I have a million things to do.•I had to walk 15 miles to school in the snow, uphill.•I had a ton of homework.
26IdiomAn expression where the literal meaning of the words is not the meaning of the expression. It means something other than what it actually says.Ex. It’s raining cats and dogs.