Presentation on theme: "Parliament vs. President"— Presentation transcript:
1 Parliament vs. President SS6CG1, SS6CG4, SS6CG6The student will compare and contrast various forms of government.(c) Describe the two predominant forms of democratic governments:parliamentary and presidential.
3 There are two predominant forms of democratic governments: ParliamentaryPresidential
4 The main difference between the Parliamentary and Presidential systems is the relationship between the executive (carries out the laws) and the legislative (makes the laws) branches of government.
5 Parliamentary * The legislature (Parliament) controls the power. * The majority party in the legislature forms agovernment headed by a prime minister, who ischosen by the legislature.* The prime minister and his cabinet are members ofthe legislature, he or she answers to the legislature(fusion of powers).fusion of powers = executive and legislative branches are mixed, share power
6 Parliamentary continued… * The government will stay in office for a specifiedperiod unless the prime minister loses support of themajority in the legislature on an important vote, if thishappens the prime minister must resign and electionsare held immediately.Prime Minister of the United KingdomDavid Cameron
7 Parliamentary continued… VoterselectParliament (Legislative)appointChosen by Majority PartyJudicialPrime Minister
8 separation of powers = division of the branches of government Presidential* The executive and legislative branches are separate bodies elected independently by the citizens (separation of powers).separation of powers = division of the branches of government* There are checks and balances where each branch can overrule the other.Checks and balances = limits each branch’s power, keeps one branch from having too much power
9 Presidential continued… * The president answers to the voters, not to the legislature.* The people elect the president, and elections are held at set intervals.President of the United States of AmericaBarack Obama
10 Separation of powers division of the branches of government Legislative Branch = establishes laws(U.S. Congress)Executive Branch = carries out, or enforces laws(U.S. President)Judicial Branch = makes decisions about disputes(U.S. Supreme Court)