Presentation on theme: "Where in the world is the world? The Scientific World of the 17 th and 18 th centuries."— Presentation transcript:
Where in the world is the world? The Scientific World of the 17 th and 18 th centuries.
The objectives of this slide show are You will understand the impact of the discoveries of Galileo, Copernicus, and Newton You will assess in what ways the ancient scholars limited scientific inquiry. You will judge for yourself the risk that these scientists took to publish their findings.
If we remember, the Catholic church had folded into its doctrine various classical scholars. This was done quite early to win over pagan converts.
Aristotle Made proclamations, then proceeded to explain why it was so. The result was knowledge was set in stone. The conclusions were made before extensive observation.
Ptolemy 85-165 a.d. The sun revolves around the earth Used fabricated data But, once again, accepted and embraced by the early Catholic church
Ptolemy developed certain astronomical theories and discovered that they were not consistent with observation. Instead of abandoning the theories, he deliberately fabricated observations from the theories so that he could claim that the observations prove the validity of his theories. In every scientific or scholarly setting known, this practice is called fraud, and it is a crime against science and scholarship. Heres what Isaac Newton said about Ptolemy:
Copernicus was born in Krakow, Poland in 1473 and lived until 1543.
People began to question the Catholic idea of the universe. They began to observe, write down, and publish what they learned.
The Catholic church was upset about this information, and saw it as an attack on their traditions.
The reformation and counter- reformation was in full swingand so the church began to keep a secret file on Galileo for 17 years.
I hold that the Sun is located at the centre of the revolutions of the heavenly orbs and does not change place, and that the Earth rotates on itself and moves around it. Moreover... I confirm this view not only by refuting Ptolemy's and Aristotle's arguments, but also by producing many for the other side, especially some pertaining to physical effects whose causes perhaps cannot be determined in any other way; these discoveries clearly confute the Ptolemaic system.PtolemyAristotle --Galileo.
Galileo was eventually brought up before the inquisition in 1633.