The Story of Siddhartha Born a prince in 563(?) B.C. Kingdom in the Himalayas (Nepal) Led a sheltered, very easy life-he had everything he could desire Queen Maya-Siddhartha’s mother
The Story of Siddhartha Not until his late 20s did he discover old age, death and suffering in poor areas Decided to spend his life seeking a cure for human suffering Became the Buddha=“enlightened one”, while meditating under a Bodhi tree.
Who was the Founder of Buddhism a.Siddhartha Gautama b. Gandhi c. Benazir Bhutto d.Mohandas Gandhi
The Basic Principles of Buddhism Nirvana = the ultimate reality-the end of the self and a reunion with the universe Pain, poverty, sorrow are caused by human attachment to the material world Pain & sorrow can be forgotten by letting go of worldly cares
The Four Noble Truths 1. Ordinary life is full of suffering. 2. This suffering is caused by our desire to satisfy ourselves. 3. The way to end suffering is to end desire for selfish goals and to see others as extensions of ourselves. 4. The way to end desire is to follow the Middle Path.
The Eightfold Path Also called the Middle Path or Middle Way Leads to the end of suffering- Nirvana Further subdivided into three basic categories: Wisdom, Ethical Conduct, Mental Discipline
According to Buddhism, an end to all suffering and sorrow is called a. heavenb. enlightenment c. Nirvanad. Nirvagan
Hinduism God is one-but goes by many names Brahman-all of the universe is a part of Brahman No single founder-combination of beliefs Sacred texts-Vedas and Upanishads
Goal of Life Atman-essential self every person has one. Want to achieve moksha-being one with Brahman Do through reincarnation until they get it right.
Karma and Dharma Karma-actions in this life that affect the next. Dharma-the religious and moral duties of an individual. Caste system-strict Group you are in according to class, occupation, or gender.
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Siddhartha Gautama No particular Prophet Founder Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism The Buddha is NOT a God Buddhism Relationship with God Hinduism Atman=the individual soul Brahman=the Supreme Creator
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Ending Human Sorrow and Suffering Nirvana Moksha- Enlightenment Goal of Life Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism None The Vedas and Upandishads Sacred Texts Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Detachment from worldly life and rejection of desire (the chief cause of suffering) Attitude Toward the Material World Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Compassion, nonviolence towards all living things Attitude Toward Nonviolence Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Karma The Cycle of Rebirth Reincarnation Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism Rejects the Caste System-all human beings can reach Nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life Division of human beings into strict social castes based on karma from previous life Caste System Buddhism Hinduism
Buddhism vs. Hinduism BuddhismHinduism FounderSiddhartha Gautama No Particular Prophet Relationship with God The Buddha is NOT a God Atman Brahman Goal of LifeEnding Human suffering Nirvana Moksha- Enlightenment Sacred TextsNoneThe Vedas & Upandishads Attitude Toward the Material World Detach oneself from worldly life. Reject desire as the chief cause of suffering
Buddhism vs. Hinduism BuddhismHinduism Attitude toward Nonviolence Compassion & Nonviolence towards all living things ReincarnationKarma & the Cycle of Rebirth Caste SystemRejects the Caste System-all human beings could reach Nirvana as a result of their behavior in this life Division of human beings into rigidly defined castes based on previous karma
What is the holy river to Hindus? a. Nileb. Indus c. Arabiand. Ganges
D. Ganges A Hindu Holy Man Worshiping at the Ganges River