3RealismA style of filmmaking that attempts to duplicate the look of objective reality as it’s commonly perceived, with emphasis on authentic locations and details, long shots, lengthy takes, and a minimum of distorting techniques.
4FormalismA Style of filmmaking in which aesthetic forms take precedence over the subject matter as content. Time and space as ordinarily perceived are often distorted. Emphasis is on the essential symbolic characteristics of objects and people, not necessarily on their superficial appearance. Formalists are often lyrical, self-consciously heightening their style to call attention to it is a value for its own sake.
5ClassicismA vague but convenient term used to designate the style of mainstream fiction films produced in America, roughly from the midteens until the late 1960s. The classical paradigm is a movie strong in story, star, and production values, with a high level of technical achievement, and edited according to the conventions of classical cutting.
6Classicism continuedThe visual style is functional and rarely distracts from the characters in action. Movies in this form are structured narratively, with a clearly-defined conflict, complications that intensify to a rising climax, and a resolution that emphasizes formal closure.
7Realism vs. Formalism REALISM FORMALISM Realistic films attempt to reproduce the surface of reality with a minimum of distortionRealistic films are an objective mirror of the actual worldFormalists deliverately stylize and distort their raw materials so that no one would mistake a manipulated image of an object for the real thingThe stylization is part of the show!
9Video examples Realism Formalism The Pianist The Seventh Seal
10Realism |Classicism | Formalism Realism and formalism are NOT absolutes. THERE IS NO CLEAR LINE!Realistic films can have formalist elements and vice versaClassicalism blends both and is used in most popular movies.