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In Pavlov’s experiment, the meat powder was identified as this producing salivation Unconditioned Stimulus
This occurs when a dog responses to a clicker or a whistle with the same response Generalization
In Pavlov’s experiment, in the beginning (before learning) this was the sound of a bell Neutral stimulus
After conditioning has died out, Dwight can re- learn to expect an Altoid after Jim restarts his computer much quicker the second time Spontaneous recovery
If you become ill after eating the salad bar from Golden Corral, you will be more likely to blame the food at Golden Corral and never eat there again Taste Aversion
Giving a dog a treat when you are trying to teach him how to sit Positive reinforcement
In Pavlov’s experiment this (salivating) resulted from presenting the dog with meat powder Unconditioned Response
In Pavlov’s experiment, after learning or conditioning the sound of the bell produces this (salivating) Conditioned Response
A dog that knows to respond differently to a different hand signals Discrimination
After learning to “stay” a dog owner stops giving a dog rewards for “staying” so the response will eventually die out Extinction
When a child is scared going through a haunted house and they are allowed to exit before the end of the haunted house Escape conditioning
Pavlov’s dogs, fears, even Dwight from “The Office can be taught through this Classical conditioning
Bingo or slot machines are an example Variable ratio
Giving a child ice cream for good behavior all week at school or giving a child candy to stop a temper tantrum in the grocery store Reinforcement
An example would be a two week salary paycheck Fixed interval
Food, drink, shelter, basic clothing Primary reinforcer
Cleaning your room to get your mom to stop nagging you about it Negative reinforcement
Swimming or riding a bike is this Response chain
Receiving time out after hitting your little sister for a toy Punishment or aversive control
Receiving a reward for good grades or consequences for bad grades Operant Conditioning
Complaining to your parents and saying you have to work to avoid Sunday dinner at Grandma’s house Avoidance Conditioning
Motivators such as money, status, prestige, or praise Secondary reinforcer
Teaching a child to write their own name – praising the child for getting the first letter and each letter after that Shaping
Getting a taxi in the city or pop quizzes Variable interval
Picturing the location of the movie theater in Kennesaw and describing how to get there Cognitive map
A student receiving a reward for earning five stars for good behavior all week Token economy
A teacher who thinks about different ways to explain the math problem for different types of learners Cognitive Learning
Learning that “the human head weights eight pounds” from the movie Jerry McGuire Latent learning
At a new school you do not know what to do with your lunch tray, so you watch other students for what to do at the end of lunch Modeling
After repeated attempts to understand the vocabulary in Spanish, the student gives up and decides it’s too hard Learned helplessness
You can learn to dance from YouTube videos or in a class with guided instruction, practice, and technique but both methods demonstrate this concept Social learning
Classical conditioning, operant conditioning and social learning all demonstrate this Behavior modification
Chapter 9 Learning Principles and Applications. Classical Conditioning Classical conditioning - learning, associating a natural stimuli and a neutral.
Learning. This is happening when you respond to a second stimulus that is similar to a conditioned stimulus without additional training Generalization.
Learning What is learning? Classical Conditioning Operant Conditioning Applications of learning Cognitive Learning.
Stimulus - anything that causes a response ex. noise of an alarm clock response - a behavior that follows a stimulus ex. hitting the alarm clock Chapter.
Chapter 6: Learning Section 1: Classical Conditioning.
Learning Chapter 5. Pavlov and Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov – Russian physiologist (person who studies the workings of the body) who discovered.
Dr. Ramez. Bedwani. Different methods of learning Factors affecting learning.
PSYCHOLOGY: LEARNING Learning can be defined as the process leading to relatively permanent behavioral change or potential behavioral change.
Chapter 7. Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov Classical Conditioning – person’s or animal’s old response becomes attached to a new stimulus Digestion.
LEARNING CLASSICAL CONDITIONING OPERANT CONDITIONING COGNITIVE LEARNING A (NOTES ARE AVAILABLE TO PRINT OUT)
Psychology: An Introduction Charles A. Morris & Albert A. Maisto © 2005 Prentice Hall Learning Chapter 5.
HOLT, RINEHART AND WINSTON P SYCHOLOGY PRINCIPLES IN PRACTICE 1 Chapter 6 LEARNING Section 1: Classical ConditioningClassical Conditioning Section 2: Operant.
Review Session Week of: 1/21/14 Chapter 6: Learning AP Psychology.
OPERANT CONDITIONING. Learning in which a certain action is reinforced or punished, resulting in corresponding increases or decreases in behavior.
Psychology: An Introduction Charles A. Morris & Albert A. Maisto © 2005 Prentice Hall Learning Chapter 6.
07 - Learning. How have you been conditioned? Class presentation video: Learning What topics do you need help with?
Copyright © Allyn and Bacon Chapter 6 Learning This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.
Learning Review Flashcards for Terms on the Test.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Big Bang Theory. I CAN Explain key features of OC – Positive Reinforcement – Negative Reinforcement – Omission Training.
READ!. Unit 4: Learning and Cognition Chapter 6: Learning.
© 2011 The McGraw-Hill Companies, Inc. Chapter 6 Learning.
Chapter 6: Learning. Classical Conditioning Ivan Pavlov Terminology –Unconditioned Stimulus (UCS): evokes an unconditioned response without previous conditioning.
Learning is achieved through experience. Learning is a relatively permanently change in behavior as a result of experience Principles; 1. Learning is.
Learning: Principles and Applications Chapter 9. Classical Conditioning Learning is a relatively permanent ________ in a ___________ that results from.
Learning! Psychology Ms. Rebecca. Do Now: What are some good habits you have? Ex: Brushing your teeth after eating, exercising, eating healthy, doing.
Classical Conditioning Classical Conditioning organism comes to associate two stimuli a neutral stimulus that signals an unconditioned stimulus begins.
Operant Conditioning Unit 3- Module 15 notes. Operant Conditioning Definition: A type of learning in which the frequency of a behavior depends on.
Chapter 9 Principles of Learning. You walk into a kitchen and smell your favorite food. - What physically happens to you? - What happens mentally?
Chapter Six Learning. FYI Plato and Aristotle –Believed learning takes place when you associate a new object with existing knowledge of related objects.
Introduction to Psychology Learning. Learning refers to an enduring change in the way an organism responds based on its experience –Distinct from Drug.
B. F. Skinner Behaviorism Stephen Schrader Education 101.
Copyright © Allyn & Bacon 2007 Chapter 6 Learning This multimedia product and its contents are protected under copyright law. The following are prohibited.
Learning How do we learn?. What is Classical conditioning? Ivan Pavlov (Respondent Behavior)
LEARNING a relatively permanent change in behavior as the result of an experience. essential process enabling animals and humans to adapt to their.
Operant Conditioning Operant conditioning - the learning of voluntary behavior through the effects of pleasant and unpleasant consequences to responses.
Introduction to Psychology Chapter 8: Learning and Conditioning.
Psychology Unit Four Learning and Cognition. Classical Conditioning Stimulus: anything that produces a reaction from a person or animal – Light, sound,
Learning. Your cat comes running when you open the can of cat food. What has he learned? Classical or operant conditioning? Conditioned stimulus? Conditioned.
Learning Principles & Applications 7-9% of AP Exam.
Learning Chapter 6. Conditioned Learning 1. Unconditioned stimulus 2. Conditioned stimulus 3. Unconditioned response 4. Conditioned response 5. Trial.
1 Which of the following is NOT an example of classical conditioning? 1.Conditioned emotional response 2.Vicarious conditioning 3.Taste aversion 4.A child.
Classical Conditioning. It’s unconditioned because it happens automatically!
Operant Conditioning A type of learning in which behavior is strengthened if followed by reinforcement or diminished if followed by punishment.
Learning Chapter 4. What Is Learning? Learning – any relatively permanent change in behavior brought about by experience or practice. –When people learn.
Classical Conditioning Pavlov’s paired associations S->R Spontaneous Recovery Generalization/discrimination Habituation Higher Order Conditioning Superstitious.
Chapter 7: Learning 1 What is learning? A relatively permanent change in behavior due to experience First test - purpose? To assess learning First test.
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