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 What is it? Origins?  Renn – Camera Obsurca to 1829 -- Louis J.M. Daguerre  The process and impact -- Realism.

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Presentation on theme: " What is it? Origins?  Renn – Camera Obsurca to 1829 -- Louis J.M. Daguerre  The process and impact -- Realism."— Presentation transcript:

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2  What is it? Origins?  Renn – Camera Obsurca to Louis J.M. Daguerre  The process and impact -- Realism

3 ► These artists captured the undiluted power of nature ► Paint the nation’s most spectacular and undeveloped areas [the new Garden of Eden]. ► Nature was the best source of wisdom & fulfillment. ► They created visual embodiments of the ideals of the Transcendentalists. * Painting is the vehicle through which the universal mind could reach the mind of mankind. * Art is the agent of moral & spiritual transformation. ►T►These artists captured the undiluted power of nature ►P►Paint the nation’s most spectacular and undeveloped areas [the new Garden of Eden]. ►N►Nature was the best source of wisdom & fulfillment. ►T►They created visual embodiments of the ideals of the Transcendentalists. * Painting is the vehicle through which the universal mind could reach the mind of mankind. * Art is the agent of moral & spiritual transformation. Background

4 1.Paint grand, scenic vistas. 2.Humans are an insignificant [even non-existent] part of the picture. 3.Experiment with affects of light on water and sky. 4.Symbol of the school  a broken tree stump 1.Paint grand, scenic vistas. 2.Humans are an insignificant [even non-existent] part of the picture. 3.Experiment with affects of light on water and sky. 4.Symbol of the school  a broken tree stump Characteristics of the Hudson River School A new art for a new land.

5 ► Transcendentalist thinking. ► Westward expansion. ► American nationalism --> What is America? * Creation of a national mythology ► Racism and Native Americans. ► Concern for political extremism. ► The price paid for progress and the advances of civilization. ►T►Transcendentalist thinking. ►W►Westward expansion. ►A►American nationalism --> What is America? * Creation of a national mythology ►R►Racism and Native Americans. ►C►Concern for political extremism. ►T►The price paid for progress and the advances of civilization. Issues/Themes Addressed by the Antebellum Artists

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8 Stanley HawkBarred Owl

9 Boston Harbor from Constitution Wharf Robert Salmon, 1833

10 Fur Trappers Descending the Missouri George Caleb Bingham, 1845

11 Patriotic Art

12 The Landing of the Pilgrims Unknown Artist, 1830s

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14 The “New Cincinnatus”?

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16 The “Frontier” Artists

17 Young Omahaw, War Eagle, Little Missouri, and Pawnees - Charles Bird King, The “Noble Savage” Image

18 Buffalo Bull’s Back Fat, Head Chief, Blood Tribe - George Caitlin, The “Stoic” Indian

19 Mato-Tope – Karl Bodmer, 1830s 3. The “Demonic” Indian

20 Osage Scalp Dance John Mix Stanley, 1845


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