When you get to the quiz over this – Essay Outline
What does “SOVERIEGNTY” mean? P.S. – Majority Rules Citizens have political rights Citizens agree to be governed Starts with the 1 st three words of the Constitution: “We the people…”
Gov’t can only do what people “allow” it to do What “law” is the government subject to? THE CONSTITUTION Vocab: “CONSTITUTIONALISM” – gov’t must be conducted according to constitutional principles. Vocab: “Rule of Law” – gov’t and leaders must be under the law, not above it Clinton v Jones
3 Branches of Gov’t split the power 1 Branch can’t take over the Gov’t All Branches have equal power BranchPositionDuty ExecutivePresident/ VPEnforce the Laws LegislativeHouse and Senate Write the Laws JudicialSupreme CourtInterpret the Laws
Each Branch of Gov’t is subject to Constitutional restraints by the other Branches President can veto a law that Congress passes Congress can override the President’s veto with 2/3 majority vote
Each Branch of Gov’t is subject to Constitutional restraints by the other Branches Judges can declare laws unconstitutional President appoints judges BUT Congress has to APPROVE these appointments OR Pres. can pardon
Power of Courts to declare a law (from Congress / President) “UNCONSTITUTIONAL” Vocab: “Unconstitutional” means that the law goes AGAINST the Constitution Give me an example of an unconstitutional law… When a law violates someone’s personal rights it is “unconstitutional” J.R. gives the Supreme Court its power This power was established with a single court case – Marbury v Madison
Compromise between a STRONG CENTRAL GOV’T and a STRONG STATE GOV’T Example – A state like Georgia has power, but the national gov’t (Washington DC) has more power What’s an example of a state power that the national gov’t can’t touch? Federal Power that State Gov’t can’t touch?