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Published byMarkus Fordham Modified over 2 years ago

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Based upon the Empirical Rule, we know the approximate percentage of data that falls between certain standard deviations on a normal distribution curve. Example: If a class of test scores has a mean of 65 and standard deviation of 9, then what percent of the students would have a grade below 56? CAN YOU DO THIS?...What percent of the students would have a grade of 70 or higher?

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Standardized Scores ( aka z-scores) Z-score represents the exact number of standard deviations a value, x, is from the mean. observation (value) mean standard deviation Example: (test score problem) What would be the z-score for a student that received a 70 on the test?

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Example: The mean speed of vehicles along a particular section of the highway is 67mph with a standard deviation of 4mph. What is the z-score for a car that is traveling at 72 mph? The speed of that car is 1.25 standard deviations ABOVE the mean. What is the z-score for a car that is traveling 60mph? The speed of that car is 1.75 standard deviations BELOW the mean. |----------|----------|----------|----------|----------|----------| (z =) -3 -2 -1 0 1 2 3 5559 63 67 71 75 79 1.25 -1.75

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To find the percentage or probability that a certain interval is possible, we use the z-score table. What percentage of the data will have a z-score of less than 1.15? P(z < 1.15) The z-score table always tells the percentage (as a decimal) to the LEFT of that z-score value. To get a percentage to the RIGHT of a z-score, you would just subtract the TABLE value from 100%.

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