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Unit: Latin America.   Mexico, The Caribbean, Central America, and South America make up Latin America  Latin America is located in the Western Hemisphere.

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Presentation on theme: "Unit: Latin America.   Mexico, The Caribbean, Central America, and South America make up Latin America  Latin America is located in the Western Hemisphere."— Presentation transcript:

1 Unit: Latin America

2   Mexico, The Caribbean, Central America, and South America make up Latin America  Latin America is located in the Western Hemisphere and in the Southern and Northern Hemispheres Where is Latin America?

3   The most commonly spoken language in Latin America is Spanish  Throughout Latin America, there are different dialects of Spanish  English is also a major language in Latin America Language of Latin America

4   The major religion in Latin America is Christianity Religion of Latin America

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6   Hernando Cortes landed on the Mexican coast in 1519, this became known as the Spanish Conquest  Gold and silver contributed to the success of the Spanish empire  The Spanish brought their language and their religion Colonization of Mexico

7   Central America is a cultural hearth – a place from which important ideas spread  After the Spanish conquered Mexico, they conquered Central America and ruled until the 19 th century  Although Central America was ruled by Spain, the Caribbean was settled and claimed by many European powers  The Spanish, French, British, Dutch, and Danish all claimed islands in the Caribbean Colonial Central America

8   The Incas built their civilization in the Andes Mountain region in South America  The Spanish conquered the Incas with the hopes of claiming the gold and silver  The Spanish forced the natives to work and also forced their language and religion on the natives  Spanish rule lasted for almost 300 years Colonization of South America

9   The Portuguese colonized Brazil beginning in 1500  The Portuguese conquered Brazil in the hope of finding gold or silver  When they did not find gold or silver, they cleared the forests and created sugar plantations  The Portuguese put the natives to work and also brought in slaves from Africa to help work the sugar plantations Colonization of Brazil

10   In 1821, Mexico achieved independence from Spain  Because Spain controlled Mexico, Mexico controlled Central America. So, when Mexico became independent, Central America declared its independence in 1823  Many nations in South America gained their independence in the 1800s, but hundreds of years of colonialism did have effects such as strong militaries, underdeveloped economies, and social class divisions  Brazil remained a colony of Portugal until 1822 Independence


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