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Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G, Unit 4

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1 Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G, Unit 4
English 111 Sadlier-Oxford Vocabulary Level G, Unit 4

2 Atrophy: someone whose muscles have atrophied would not win a trophy.
(n.) the wasting away of a body organ or tissue; any progressive decline or failure; (v.) to waste away Synonyms: (n.) degeneration, deterioration, (v.) wither Antonyms: (n.) growth, development (v.) mature, develop

3 Bastion: think of the Bastille
(n.) a fortified palace, stronghold Synonyms: citadel, rampart, bulwark, parapet

4 Concord: think of how you’d feel if your parents bought you an Accord
(n.) a state of agreement, harmony, unanimity; a treaty, pact, covenant Antonyms: disagreement, strife, discord

5 Consummate: think perfect mate
(v.) to bring to a state of completion or perfection; (adj.) complete or perfect in the highest degree Synonyms: (v.) clinch, conclude; (adj.) masterful Antonyms: (v.) launch, initiate, begin, kick off

6 Disarray: think of all the dis words
(n.) disorder, confusion; (v.) to throw into disorder Synonyms: (n.) disorganized; (v.) dishevel, mess up Antonyms: (n.) organization, order, tidiness

7 Exigency: ends like urgency
(n.) urgency, pressure; urgent demand, pressing need; an emergency Synonyms: requirement, crisis

8 Flotsam: float-sam (n.) floating debris; homeless, impoverished people
Synonyms: floating wreckage

9 Frenetic: think frantic
(adj.) frenzied, highly agitated Synonyms: frantic, overwrought, distraught Antonyms: calm, controlled, relaxed, leisurely

10 Glean: gather grain (g sounds)
(v.) to gather bit by bit; to gather small quantities of grain left in a field by the reapers Synonyms: collect, cull, pick up

11 Grouse: grouch (n.) a type of game bird; a complaint; (v.) to complain, grumble Synonyms: gripe, kvetch, bellyache

12 Incarcerate: you’d be incarcerated for stealing a car
(v.) to imprison, confine, jail Synonyms: intern, immure Antonyms: liberate, release, free

13 Incumbent: like the prez
(adj.) obligatory, required; (n.) one who holds a specific office at the time spoken of Synonyms: (adj.) mandatory, necessary Antonyms: (adj.) optional, unnecessary

14 Jocular: joke-ular (adj.) humorous, jesting, jolly, joking
Synonyms: waggish, facetious, droll, witty Antonyms: humorless, solemn, grave, earnest, grim

15 Ludicrous: ends like ridiculous
(adj.) ridiculous, laughable, absurd Synonyms: risible, preposterous Antonyms: heartrending, poignant, pathetic

16 Mordant: morbid (n.) biting or caustic in thought, manner, or style; sharply or bitterly harsh Synonyms: acrimonious, acidulous, sardonic, scathing Antonyms: bland, mild, gentle, soothing

17 Nettle: needle (n.) a prickly or stinging plant; (v.) to arouse displeasure, impatience, or anger; to vex or irritate severely Synonyms: (v.) peeve, annoy, incense, gall, irk Antonyms: (v.) please, delight, soothe, pacify

18 Pecuniary: penny-cuniary
(adj.) consisting of or measure in money; of or related to money Synonyms: monetary, financial

19 Pusillanimous: wusillanimous
(adj.) contemptibly cowardly or mean spirited Synonyms: craven, lily-livered Antonyms: stouthearted, courageous, daring

20 Recumbent: recline (don’t confuse with incumbent!
(adj.) in a reclining position, lying down, in the posture of one sleeping or resting Synonyms: prone, prostrate, supine, inactive Antonyms: erect, upright, energetic, dynamic

21 Stratagem: singular of strategy
(n.) a scheme to outwit or deceive an opponent or to gain an end Synonyms: ruse, trick, ploy, subterfuge

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