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How do writers create simple and compound sentences?

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Presentation on theme: "How do writers create simple and compound sentences?"— Presentation transcript:

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2 How do writers create simple and compound sentences?

3 What is a fragment A fragment is an incomplete sentence that is missing a subject, a predicate, or both. Eats chips with dip. Many people.

4 Fragment or sentence? She is as slow as. Slowly the snail crept across the lawn. Bill drew sketches of some of the animals. The snails carried away.

5 What is a clause? Clause - a group of words that has a subject and a predicate. A clause can be independent or dependent.

6 TWO TYPES OF CLAUSES Independent Clause- Expresses a complete thought and can stand alone as a sentence. Dependent Clause – Does not express a complete thought, so it cannot stand alone as a sentence.

7 Which type of clause? 1.I ride my bike to school 2.when the weather is colder 3.last spring if it was a rainy day 4.because her outfit was brightest 5.Greta dressed in safari clothes

8 What are two main parts of a sentence? The subject – Who or what the sentence is about. The NOUN The predicate – What the subject does. The VERB Our principal bought all the students ice- cream.

9 How do you create compound sentences? Use a conjunction to join to simple sentences. When using conjunctions and, or, but, be sure to use a comma then the conjunction.

10 CONJUNCTIONS Three conjunctions we have learned to use when combining two simple sentences, (independent clause) And – to join together, adds information Or - choice But – shows contrast

11 1.Antonio saw a moose. He was not close to it. 2. A moose may feed on twigs and bark. It may eat plants in a pond. 3. The moose is an elk. It is the largest of the deer family. How do you create compound sentences?

12 Other cononjuctions used to join to independent clauses (complete sentences) For – Means because introduces a cause- effect relationship. Nor – Tells what something is not Yet – Stronger contrast than but So - Means as a result, introduces an effect in a cause effect

13 MEMORIZE THESE CONJUCTIONS F A N B O Y S

14 What are two ways you have learned to correct a run-on sentence? 1.Break the run-on sentence into separate sentences. 2.Write it as a compound sentence.

15 PRACTICE 1.Boris works ten hours a day he has time to volunteer at a homeless shelter. Correct: A. Boris works ten hours a day, yet he has time to volunteer at a homeless shelter. B.Boris works ten hours a day. He has time to volunteer at a homeless shelter.

16 How do I create sentences with compound subjects? 1.Rain helps plants grow. Sun helps plants grow. 2.Insects creep at night. Frogs creep at night.

17 How do I create sentences with compound predicates? 1.Michael’s rabbits sniff new things. Michael’s rabbits explore new things. 2. All rabbits chew. All rabbits dig. 3. Some dogs eat grass. Some dogs eat tiny rodents they find.

18 Create a complete sentence, compound sentence, or compound subject or predicate. 1. She is in charge. 2. There are frogs in the pond. There are fish in the pond. 3. The kids like pizza. They do not like pepperoni. 4. My cat is seven years old it is very pretty it is gentle.

19 How do writers create compound sentences? Let’s Review What is a fragment? A group of words, missing the subject or predicate What is an independent clause? A group of words with a subject and predicate, expresses a complete thought, and can stand alone. What is a dependent clause? A group of words with a subject and predicate that can not stand alone.

20 How do writers create compound sentences? A compound sentence is created when two independent clauses are joined with one of the FANBOYS conjunctions.

21 What are the FANBOYS For – Means because introduces a cause-effect relationship. And – to join together, adds information Nor – Tells what something is not But – shows contrast Or - choice Yet – Stronger contrast than but So - Means as a result, introduces an effect in a cause effect

22 What is a complex sentence? A complex sentence is created when 1 independent clause is joined to 1 dependent clause.

23 Creating complex sentences is different from compound sentences. Complex sentences are created by two basic patterns 1.Join an Independent clause and a dependent clause Tom saw the movie after his friend read the novel. 2. Join a Dependent clause and an independent clause. After his friend read the novel, Tom saw the movie.

24 Special conjunctions are used in complex sentences.

25 If the complex sentences begins with the independent clause ….. The independent clause will begin with one of the special conjunctions. See your handout! Remember the independent clause is first followed by a comma and dependent clause. Example: Since good vision is very important, everyone should have eye exams.

26 If the complex sentences begins with the dependent clause ….. The dependent clause will be followed by one of the special conjunctions. See your handout! Remember when the dependent clause is first a comma is not used. Alex opened the window because the room was stuffy.

27 Sentence sort game. Can you identify simple, compound, and complex sentences? ivity/sensort/index.html

28 Complex sentence camp. Look for the special conjunction. Is a comma needed? ivity/complex_sentence/index.html

29 Identify the type of clause or compound or complex sentences? ivity/sentence_band/index.html

30 How does knowing how to create simple, compound, and complex sentences help writers improve their writing?

31 When the independent clause is used first there is no comma before the conjunction. When the dependent clause is used first, the conjunction is used at the beginning of the sentence and a comma is used.

32 For each sentence identify the type of clause and the conjunction. 1.You will need a password if you subscribe to this online service. 2.I look for careful attention to detail when I read a novel. 3.Because supplies were limited, the store ran out of the sale item quickly. 4.Before she can study, she will need to complete the study guide. 5.I bring my writing journal so that I can write down my ideas.


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