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Map Skills Latitude and Longitude Latitude Equator Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.An imaginary.

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Presentation on theme: "Map Skills Latitude and Longitude Latitude Equator Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.An imaginary."— Presentation transcript:

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2 Map Skills Latitude and Longitude

3 Latitude Equator Equator An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point. Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres Northern and SouthernNorthern and Southern Hemisphere = half a round objectHemisphere = half a round object “Hemi” = half “Hemi” = half “Sphere” = round object “Sphere” = round object Northern Hemisphere Southern Hemisphere

4 Just for fun... The Corollas effect – The Corollas effect – Water will go straight down at the Equator North of the Equator - clockwise South of the Equator - counter clockwise

5 Latitude Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator and to each other. Lines of latitude run parallel to the equator and to each other. They lay on top of each other.They lay on top of each other. There is equal distance between lines.There is equal distance between lines. Parallel = another name for a latitude. Parallel = another name for a latitude.

6 Latitude MEASURE = North to South of the Equator. MEASURE = North to South of the Equator. RUN = East to West around the globe. RUN = East to West around the globe. Equator = 0º Equator = 0º North and South Poles = 90º North and South Poles = 90º Tropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx. Tropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx. Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx. Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx. Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.

7 Longitude Prime Meridian Prime Meridian Longest line of longitudeLongest line of longitude Passes through Greenwich, England at 0º longitudePasses through Greenwich, England at 0º longitude Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere Divides the Earth into the Eastern and Western Hemisphere Western Hemisphere Eastern Hemisphere

8 Longitude Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other. Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other. What does???What does??? Meridian = another name for longitude Meridian = another name for longitude MEASURES = East and West of the Prime Meridian MEASURES = East and West of the Prime Meridian RUNS = North and South around the globe RUNS = North and South around the globe

9 What do you notice about the lines at the center of the circle? What do you notice about the lines at the center of the circle? What do you notice about the lines near the North and South Poles? What do you notice about the lines near the North and South Poles?

10 This is what lines of latitude and longitude look like when they are combined together on a globe. This is what lines of latitude and longitude look like when they are combined together on a globe.

11 Special Lines of Latitude and Longitude 1. Arctic Circle 2. Tropic of Cancer 3. Equator 4. Tropic of Capricorn 5. Prime Meridian 6. Antarctic Circle

12 Hemisphere Practice! 1. In which two hemispheres is the United States located? 2. What is the line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemisphere? 3. In which two hemispheres is Australia located? 4. Which ocean is not found in the Western Hemisphere? 5. Which hemisphere is the only one which Antarctica is not found?


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