Presentation on theme: "Latitude and Longitude"— Presentation transcript:
1Latitude and Longitude Map SkillsLatitude and Longitude
2Latitude Equator Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheres An imaginary line that goes around the middle of the Earth at its widest point.Divides the Earth into 2 hemispheresNorthern and SouthernHemisphere = half a round object“Hemi” = half“Sphere” = round objectNorthern HemisphereSouthern Hemisphere
3Just for fun . . . The Corollas effect – Water will go straight down at the EquatorNorth of the Equator - clockwiseSouth of the Equator - counter clockwise
4LatitudeLines of latitude run parallel to the equator and to each other.They lay on top of each other.There is equal distance between lines.Parallel = another name for a latitude.
5Latitude MEASURE = North to South of the Equator. RUN = East to West around the globe.Equator = 0ºNorth and South Poles = 90ºTropic of Cancer = 23ºN approx.Tropic of Capricorn = 23ºS approx.Tropic of Cancer and Tropic of Capricorn form the border of the tropical zone.
6Longitude Prime Meridian Longest line of longitudePasses through Greenwich, England at 0º longitudeDivides the Earth into the Eastern and Western HemisphereWesternHemisphereEastern
7Longitude Lines of longitude DO NOT run parallel to each other. What does???Meridian = another name for longitudeMEASURES = East and West of the Prime MeridianRUNS = North and South around the globe
8What do you notice about the lines at the center of the circle? What do you notice about the lines near the North and South Poles?
9This is what lines of latitude and longitude look like when they are combined together on a globe.
10Special Lines of Latitude and Longitude Arctic CircleTropic of CancerEquatorTropic of CapricornPrime MeridianAntarctic Circle
11Hemisphere Practice!In which two hemispheres is the United States located?What is the line that divides the Northern and Southern Hemisphere?In which two hemispheres is Australia located?Which ocean is not found in the Western Hemisphere?Which hemisphere is the only one which Antarctica is not found?