Presentation on theme: "Types of Governments Distribution of Power & Citizen Participation"— Presentation transcript:
1Types of Governments Distribution of Power & Citizen Participation
2Preview QuestionWhat types of governments exist in the world today?
3Terms to Know Distribution of Power Citizen Participation Unitary FederalConfederationCitizen ParticipationAutocracyOligarchyDemocraticParliamentaryPresidential
4Unitary Distribution of Power Power is held by one central authority.The central government maintains all control.Regional AuthorityCentral AuthorityCentral Authority circle is larger because it holds more power than the regional authorities.
5List of countries with Unitary Governments (non-comprehensive)AlbaniaBelarusBelizeBoliviaBulgariaChileColombiaCosta RicaCroatiaCubaCyprusCzech RepublicDenmarkDominican RepublicEcuadorEl SalvadorEstoniaFijiFinlandFranceGreeceGrenadaGuatemalaGuyanaHaitiHondurasHungaryIcelandIndonesiaIrelandItalyJamaicaLatviaLiechtensteinLithuaniaLuxembourgMacedoniaMoldovaMonacoMontenegroNetherlandsNew ZealandNicaraguaNorwayPanamaParaguayPeruPolandPortugalRomaniaSerbiaSlovakiaSloveniaSpainSurinameSwedenTrinidad and TobagoTurkeyUkraineUnited KingdomUruguayInformation site-
6Federal (Federation) Distribution of Power Power is divided between one central and several regional authorities.Power is shared between the regional and central authorities.Central AuthorityRegional AuthorityCentral Authority & Regional Authority share similar amounts of power.
7List of countries with Federal Governments (24) ArgentinaAustraliaAustriaBelgiumBosnia and HerzegovinaBrazilCanadaComorosEthiopiaGermanyIndiaMalaysiaMexicoMicronesiaNigeriaPakistanRussiaSt. Kitts and NevisSouth AfricaSpainSwitzerlandUnited Arab EmiratesUnited States of AmericaVenezuelaInformation site-
8Confederation Distribution of Power Voluntary association of independent statesRegional authorities grant a few powers to the central authority while retaining considerable independence.Agree to certain limitations on their freedom of action.Less binding than a federation.Secure some common purpose.Central AuthorityRegional AuthorityRegional Authority circles are larger because they hold more power than the Central Authority.
9List of Confederations – Today Historic confederations Iroquois Confederacy (1090–present)European UnionOPECHistoric confederations(non-comprehensive)New England Confederation (1643–1684)United States of America under the Articles of Confederation (1781–1789)Confederate States of America (1861–1865)Peru-Bolivian Confederation (1836–1839)Arab Islamic Republic (confederation de-facto; 1974, Libya &Tunisia)Serbia and Montenegro (2003–2006)
10Ways Government Distributes Power Power divided between the central and regional governmentsAll key powers are held by thecentral governmentState/regional authorities hold most of the powerUnitaryFederalConfederationStrong central governmentWeaker central government
11Autocracy (Autocratic) (Citizen Participation) Political power is held by a single self-appointed ruler with unlimited power.Focus is to control all aspects of the political processMaintain power through inheritance or violent use of military and police power.The oldest and most common forms of government.The citizen has limited, if any, role in government.
12Forms of Autocratic Governments Absolute or Totalitarian DictatorshipIdeas of a single leader glorified.Government is not responsible to the people.People lack the power to limit their rulers.Government tries to control all aspects of social & economic life.Examples – Adolf Hitler, Benito Mussolini, Joseph StalinAbsolute MonarchyMonarch exercises the supreme powers of government with unlimited power.Position is usually inherited.Absolute monarchs are rare today. From the 1400 – 1700’s they ruled most of Western Europe.Examples- King of Saudi Arabia
13Oligarchy (Citizen Participation) A government in which a few people have power.Especially for corrupt and selfish purposes.The group gets its power from military power, social power, wealth, religion or a combination.Political opposition is usually suppressed- sometimes violently.The citizen has a very limited role.Examples- Communist countries such as China.
14Autocracy & Oligarchy Review Sometimes claim they rule for the people.In reality, the people have very little say in both types of government.Examples . . .May hold elections with only one candidate or control the results in various ways.Even when these governments have a legislature or national assembly, they often only approve decisions made by the leaders.Remy, Richard C., United States Government- Democracy in Action (Columbus, OH: Glencoe, McGraw-Hill, 2006)
15Democracy In a democracy, the government is elected by the people. Everyone who is eligible to vote has a chance to have their say over who runs the country.How is it different from an Autocracy or Oligarchy?Democracy – public involvementOligarchy – government controlled by particular social class or groupMonarchy/Dictatorship – government controlled by a single personA democracy is determined either directly or through elected representatives.
162 Types of Democratic Countries ParliamentaryHead of the executive branch is chosen from the legislature.Prime Minister is accountable to their party in the legislature.Stays in power as long as their party stays in power.Example Great Britain.PresidentialDemocratically elected positionIndependent of the legislatureA president presides over an executive branch that is separate from the legislatureExamples USA, Mexico
18Summarizing ActivityWorking with your partner, decide which forms of government would fit the following situations:After a civil war, an individual takes total control of the government; she has no experience in leading a government. She disbands the national congress and retains all power in government to herself.DictatorshipThe new President elect wins the election by a landslide. Over 90% of the citizens vote for the new leader.Presidential DemocracyA family in a remote area of Africa has taken control of a native tribe. Power has been passed down between several generations and continues to remain within this family.OligarchyThe new Prime Minister wins election narrowly due to his political party barely gaining enough seats in Parliament.Parliamentary Democracy