Presentation on theme: "Hugs. The Need To Belong WILSON!!!!!!!!!!!!!! The Need to Belong “[Man] is a social animal,” (Aristotle). Separation from others increases our need."— Presentation transcript:
The Need To Belong
The Need to Belong “[Man] is a social animal,” (Aristotle). Separation from others increases our need to belong. 4 “Cast Away,” Tom Hanks, suffers from social starvation. 20 th Century Fox/ Dreamworks/ The Kobal Collection
A. Aiding Survival 5 Social bonds boosted our ancestors’ survival rates. These bonds led to the following: 1.Protecting against predators, especially for the young. 2.Procuring food. 3.Reproducing the next offspring.
B. Wanting to Belong 6 The need to belong colors our thinking and emotions. 1.Social Acceptance: A sense of belonging with others increases our self-esteem. Social segregation decreases it.
C. Sustaining Relationships 1.We resist breaking social bonds, even bad ones. This can explain why some stay in extremely abusive relationships for fear of being alone. Better Man by Pearl Jam
A funny take, but seriously
Pain of Ostracism 1.Ostracism: Social exclusion leads to demoralization, depression, and at times destructive behavior. Jeremy Spoke in class today King Jeremy the Wicked Jeremy by Pearl Jam
Social Networking “Poke Me: How Social Networks Can Both Help and Harm Our Kids,” by Larry Rosen (APA Lecture) Potential adverse effects, including: Those who use Facebook Teens more often show more narcissistic tendencies Young adults show more signs of other psychological disorders, including antisocial behaviors, mania and aggressive tendencies. can negatively impact learning students who checked Facebook at least once during a 15-minute study period achieved lower grades. Daily overuse of media and technology make them more prone to anxiety, depression, and other psychological disorders.
Social Networking “Poke Me: How Social Networks Can Both Help and Harm Our Kids,” by Larry Rosen (APA Lecture) Potential positive effects, including: Those who use Facebook Young adults who spend more time on Facebook are better at showing “virtual empathy” to their online friends. Can help introverted adolescents learn how to socialize behind the safety of various screens Social networking can provide tools for teaching in compelling ways that engage young students.
Motivation at Work
Attitudes Towards Work 14 1.Job: Necessary way to make money. 2.Career: Opportunity to advance from one position to another. 3.Calling: Fulfilling a socially useful activity. Two decades from now you might be doing something that you never thought of. People have different attitudes toward work. Some take it as a: Indiana Kno’
Flow & Rewards 15 Csikszentmihalyi (chick-SENT-me-hi) Flow - the experience between no work and a lot of work. Flow marks immersion into one’s work. People who “flow” in their work (artists, dancers, composers etc.) are driven less by extrinsic rewards (money, praise, promotion) and more by intrinsic rewards.
Industrial-Organizational (I/O) Psychology Applies psychological principles to the workplace. 16 1.Personnel Psychology: Studies the principles of selecting and evaluating workers. 2.Organizational Psychology: Studies how work environments and management styles influence worker motivation, satisfaction, and productivity.
Harnessing Strengths 17 Identifying people’s strengths: 1.Analytical 2.Disciplined 3.Eager to learn, etc. Matching them to a particular area of work is the first step toward workplace effectiveness.
Interviews & Performance 18 Interviewers are confident in their ability to predict long-term job performance. However, informal interviews are less informative than standardized tests and past performance.
The Interviewer Illusion 19 Interviewers often overrate their discernment. 1.Intention vs. Habits: Intensions matter, but long- lasting habits matter even more. 2.Successful Employees: Interviewers are more likely to talk about those employees that turned out successful. 3.Presumptions about Candidates: Interviewers presume (wrongly) that what we see (candidate) is what we get. 4.Preconceptions: An interviewer’s prior knowledge about the candidate may affect her judgment.
Structured Interview 20 A formal and disciplined way of gathering information from the interviewee. Structured interviews pinpoint strengths (attitudes, behaviors, knowledge, and skills). The personnel psychologist may do the following: 1.Analyze the job. 2.Script questions. 3.Train the interviewer.
Achievement Motivation A desire for significant accomplishments; for mastery of things, people, or ideas; for attaining a high standard.
Achievement Motivation People who have LOW achievement motivation prefer very easy or very difficult tasks. People with HIGH achievement motivation prefer moderately difficult tasks. Failure is unlikely of not embarrassing Success is attainable yet attributable to their skill and effort.
Why are some people highly motivated, while others are not? There are emotional and cognitive roots. Children learn to associate achievement with positive emotions. Children learn to associate achievement with expectations (intrinsic or extrinsic). These structures are usually set in place by parents and teachers. Strong argument for what playing a part in achievement motivation? Nurture
Achievement Motivation What motivates us to work? (School, job, sports, video games, relationships etc..) Intrinsic Motivators Extrinsic Motivators Rewards we get internally, such as enjoyment or satisfaction. Reward that we get for accomplishments from outside ourselves (grades or money or etc..) Work great in the short run.
Intrinsic Motivation A desire to perform a behavior for its own sake.
Extrinsic Motivation A desire to perform a behavior due to promised rewards or threats of punishment.
Cultivating Intrinsic Motivation
Industrial and Organizational Psychology A subfield in psychology that focuses on how to help organizations recruit, select, compensate and train employees. The object is to utilize the human factor in an organization to increase productivity. Goal Setting Theory
Leadership Style Task Leadership: goal oriented leadership that sets standards and organizes work. Social Leadership: group oriented leadership that builds teamwork, mediates conflict and offers support.
Managing Well 30 Every leader dreams of managing in ways that enhance people’s satisfaction, engagement, and productivity in his or her organization. Larry Brown offers 4-5 positive comments for every negative comment. Ezra Shaw/ Getty Images
Leadership Perspectives Theory X Theory Y
Theory X Assumes that works are basically lazy, error-prone, and extrinsically motivated by money. Must never be trusted and always be watched. To work more, they must be given money.
Theory Y Assumes that, given challenge and freedom, workers are motivated to achieve self-esteem and to demonstrate their competence and creativity.
Appraising Performance 34 Appraising performance results in two things: 1) employee retention, and 2) the encouragement of better performance.