2Logistics of the Electoral College Remember – 270Logistics of the Electoral CollegeTotal available votes = 538= 538Electors are determined by the number of Representatives, plus the number of SenatorsMinimum number a state can have is 3Representation is based on population, therefore, electors are based on population.Where are these 3 electoral votes from?
3More on the Electoral College It’s a WINNER-TAKE-ALLIf you get the majority of the popular vote then you get all of the ELECTORAL VOTES for that state.Remember it takes 270 electoral votes to win
4Choosing ElectorsElectors are chosen on the same day in every state: the Tuesday after the first Monday in November…what’s significant about this date?When voters go to the poles in November, they are voting for an elector NOT the President. (November 4, 2008)Ideally, this elector will vote for their choice in January…NOT a requirement
5Electoral College Breakdown If you were running which states would you focus on?Why?
6Counting the Electoral Votes These electors are chosen by votersThese electors then report to the state capital to cast their 2 votesWhen? – Monday after the second Wednesday in DecemberWho are the 2 ballots for?> This is basically a formality –we actually know the night of the election who won the election
7Counting the Electoral Votes The electoral ballots are sent to the President of the SenateOn January 6th they are tallied with a Joint Session of CongressAnd the winner is “formally” announced
8CHECKPOINT How many electoral college votes does Georgia have? How do they determine the number of electoral votes that a state has?How many electoral votes do you need to win the Presidential Election?
9The “What Ifs” of the Electoral College What if no one get 270?Election goes to the House of Representatives (1800 & 1824)Each State gets one vote – 26 to win itWhat if the House vote has not been decided by Jan 20th?Vice President will preside until the President is determinedWhat if the no one received 270 for Vice Presidency?Senate will determine the VP and then they will preside until the President is determined
10Popular-Vote vs. Electoral College Vote Red or Blue…Who should be elected?This happened in 2000
11Flaws in the Electoral College System 1) Winner of the popular vote may not win the electoral college vote> This has happened 4 times2) Electors are not required to vote for “their” candidate> “Faithless electors” on 9 occasions3) Election might be decided by the House> This has happened twice> Look out for a 3rd party candidate to take a chunk
12Proposed Changes District Plan – Proportional Plan – Direct Plan – > Each district within a state would cast their “own” electoral voteProportional Plan –> Percentage of electoral votes for the state based on percentage of popular vote from that stateDirect Plan –> Popular vote winner, wins the officeNational Bonus Plan –> 102 electoral votes would be awarded automatically to the winner of the popular vote. These votes would be combined with the other electoral votes that the candidate won.
13Strengths of the Electoral College It’s a “known” systemIn most cases it identifies a winner quickly and certainlyMost of the reforms would have “loop-holes” too
142004 Presidential Election by State 2004 Presidential Election by StateRepublicanDemocrat
17One last thing… A timeline to sum it up Decision to run – meets 3 qualificationsElectors cast votes, mail to D.C.InaugurationNational ConventionsPrimaries, Caucus, State ConventionsElectoral votes are countedElectionDebate & Campaign
18The Executive Branch II Presidential Succession &The Vice President
19Presidential Succession Original Wording“power and duties” of the office (not the actual office were to go to the Vice Pres.)25th AmendmentIn case of removal of the President from office or of his death or resignation, the Vice President shall become president.
20Presidential Succession 25thPresidential SuccessionBefore the 25th Amendment (in 1967) the Vice President took over anyway.John Tyler set this precedent when W.H. Harrison died after being in office only one month.So what if something happens to the Vice President too????
21Presidential Succession Act of 1947 We’ve got it covered…Presidential Succession Act of 194718 positions are outlinedVice PresidentSpeaker of the HousePro Tempore of the SenateSec. of StateSec. of TreasurySec. of DefenseAttorney GeneralSec. of InteriorSec. of AgricultureSec. of CommerceSec. of LaborSec. of Health and Human ServicesSec. of HUDSec. of TransportationSec. of EnergySec. of EducationSec. of Veterans AffairsSec. of Homeland Security
22(Know these for the Quiz) The Vice President Dick CheneySpeaker of the House Nancy PelosiPresident pro tempore of the Senate Robert ByrdSecretary of State Condoleezza Rice
23Presidential Disability The Nation “played with fate”Used twice – Reagan & BushPresidential DisabilityWhat if the President is only disabled – like if he has a heart attack or something…25th Amendment also details this predicamentThe VP is to become President if…The President informs Congress in writing that he is unable to serveThe VP and the Cabinet inform congress that the President is unable to serveThe President can resume duties when / if able
24CheckpointList the next 4 persons to assume the Presidency, if the President is unable to serve…
25The Vice PresidentJohn Adams: I am the Vice President. In this I am nothing, but I may be everything.”9 VPs have taken over in the middle of a Term8 for deaths1 for resignationDid you know…The President can’tremove the VP fromoffice.
26Introduction: The Electoral College One of the least understood parts of our government, yet it is one of the most important…
272004 Election By state, with changes made for population
292004 Election (Wave = visit) ($ = money) Focus on Swing States – by-products of the winner-take-all format
30Exceptions to the winner-take-all… Maine and Nebraska2 electors (at-large) go with the popular vote winnerAll of the other votes are divided among the Congressional DistrictsThat is…If Cherokee’s 6th District (Tom Price, Roswell) voted for Candidate A, Candidate A would get “our” electoral vote, regardless of what the rest of the state voted.