2Alien and sedition act- Alien act- allowed govt to arrest, detain and remove foreigners deemed untrustworthySedition act- limited free speech and expressionHelped federalist because republicans relied on immigrant vote
3Adams appoints midnight Judges. Congress repealed judiciary act of 1801 which did away with Adams Midnight judges( Federalist)Marbury Vs. Madison- established Judicial Review
4Western ExpansionJefferson believed only way republic could survived if people owned their own land.1803 Napoleon(leader of France) needing money to pay for war to take over EuropeHe sold Louisiana for 15 millionCalled Louisiana purchaseThis doubled the size of the U.S.Thomas Jefferson president during purchase
6North West Ordnance1787- Congress passed the North West ordinance- established a set of principles and procedures for statehood, applied first to states carved out of the Northwest territory.Guaranteed civil liberties, established guidelines for statehood, encouraged education, and banned slavery for entire region.
10Britain started using impressments to get more troops Britain started using impressments to get more troops. This help start the war of 1812Kidnapping American solders.
11War of 1812 Madison’s WarBattle of Tippecanoe shattered native American confidence in their leaders.British fleet land in Washington DC. And set the white house and capital on fire.Battle of New Orleans- Andrew Jaskson’s decisive victory over the British made him a hero.Because of war : Nationalism emerged-loyalty and devotion to a nationand we got the star spangled bannerTreaty of Ghent – ended the war
12Chapter 7 Let the GOOD Times Roll The Monroe presidency was called the Era of Good Feelings
13Economic Nationalism- John C Calhoun got the second national bank startedAfter war cheap British goods flooded U.S.Protective tariff- tax
14Judicial NationalismBetween 1816 and 1824 John Marshall- ruled in three cases that established the power of the Fed. Govt1. Matin V. Hunter’s lessee- helped establish the supreme court as the nation’s court of final appeal2. McCulloch V. Maryland- Second bank was constiutional because necessary and proper
153. Gibbons V Ogden- constitution granted the federal govt control over interstate commerce. All trade along coast and waterways dividing states.What is interstate commerce
16Nationalist Diplomacy Nationalism in the United States influences the nation to expand its borders and assert itself in world affairs.1800’s southern mad at Spanish held Florida?Slaves run awayAndrew Jackson seized Spanish settlements in Fl and removed Gov. of Florida.
17Adams-onis treaty – Spain ceded all of Fl. To the U. S Adams-onis treaty – Spain ceded all of Fl. To the U.S. and finalized the western border of the Louisiana purchaseMonroe Doctrine- the U.S. would prevent other countries from interfering in Latin American political affairs.Told all European countries to stay out of the western hemisphere.
20Erie Canal Opened in 1825- Connecting lake Erie to the west with the Hudson River to the east. Canals and Railroads helped products move west and farmers products to move east.Because of the Erie Canal and other transportation advances -New York – became America central point for American trade and banking
25Industrialization started to happen in the United States around 1800. Driven by the textile industryNew England had textile miles and the south supplied them and England with cottonCotton production and the growing textile industry helped the u.s. get its economic independence.
26Steam powered engines was used to help industrialization in the country. Eli Whitney used interchangeable parts (muskets) and invented the cotton gin
27Samuel F.B. morse- perfected the telegraph in 1832 Industrialization caused people to move out of rural farms and villages? Where did they go??People were in search of factory jobs with higher wages.
28Southern Economy Cotton, tobacco, rice, and sugarcane Cotton gin made planters rich.Europe wants more cotton than everSlaves tripledSouth did not industrialize like north.
29Labor Unions- trying to improve working conditions Strikes- not going to workWhat begins to happen to family farm?North industrySouth farming
30Society in the South Class structure developed in South Top plantation owners- dominated the regions economy and political and legal systemYeoman farmers- ordinary farmers who usually worked the land themselves(made up most of the white population in south)Rural poor- hunted fished, and gardened, and raised own croups.Slaves- made up the bottom of southern society
31Slavery Two labor systems Task system- was used on small farms and plantations. Had to finish certain task each dayGang system- enslaved person put in gangs from sunup to sundownFredrick Douglass- became head of the antislavery movement
33Nat turner- an enslaved minister who believed that God chose him to free his people. Led a slave revolt and followers killed 50 white peopleSlave codes became tighter because of this revolt
34Missouri compromise- admitting maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state Banned slavery in all land with in the Louisiana purchase lying above the N parallel. With the exception of Missouri.
35Election of 1824- candidates Henry Clay –John Quincy Adams-Andrew Jackson- heroismJackson’s supports accused adams and clay of a corrupt bargain.
36Adam’s party- national republicans Election of 1828 Jackson’s supporters took the name Democratic-republicans- later known as what?Adam’s party- national republicansElection of 1828John Quincy adams and Andrew JacksonCampaigned turned into mudslingingJackson won the elcetion
37Jacksonian DemocracyJacksonian democracy refers to presidency of Andrew JacksonHe expanded the power of federal governmentEncouraged people from all social classes to voteUniversial white male suffarageIndian removal act- gave funds to relocate IndiansHe defied supreme court decision to not remove the Cherokee from Ga. (Worcester v. GA)Spoil system- political supports rewarded with jobs
38Jacksonian DemocracyThousands of Natives died on a force removal what was known as trail of tears.
41Nullification CrisisSouth Carolina threatened to secede from union over tariffs and states rightsJohn C. Calhoun- argued that southern states had the right to nullify any law if it wasn’t in their best interestCotton still dependent- divided country.Monroe doctrine direction America's foreign policy.
43Jackson ends the second national bank of the United states. Hurting western farmersWhigs emerged from the former national republican partyWhigs –wanted to expand the nation govt.Jackson- Democrats ( no expansion.)1836 election Van Buren wins electionWhat party is he from?
44Panic of 1837- Thousands of farms foreclosed and employment soared. Whigs won the 1840 election Harrison won the electionDied 32 days later and Tyler became president.
458-2 New Immigration Massive influx of immigrants between 1815-1860. Religious and political reason2 million came from Ireland.Potato Famine in 1845Settled in North east and worked as unskilledGermans settled in Midweststarted on farms and businesses
46Nativism- hostility towards foreigners among many Americans appeared. Anti-catholic sentiments towards catholic immigrants led to rise of nativist groups.Delegates formed the american party.When members questioned they answered they know nothing.As a result the party was nicknamed the Know nothings.
47Second great awakening- this movement promoted the belief that all people could attain grace by readmitting God and Christ into their livesNew denominations-Joseph smith- founded Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saintsMormons- moved to Illinois from New England.Brigham Young- moved the Mormons to Utah.
48Reform Spirit Mid 1800’s – reform society Dorothea Dix worked for improved treatment of the mentally illLyman Beecher established the benevolent societies- at first started to spread God’s message later to combat social problemsWhat is the major cause of crime and poverty.
49Reformers advocated temperance or moderation in consumption of alcohol called temperance. Improving prison conditions. States build penitentiaries. RehabilitationHorace Mann- focused on education reform. He is responsible for the education system we know todayPushed public education and backed a states board of education in Mass.
50Education reformers generally had men in mind 1850’s educational opportunities started for women.Emma Willard- founded a girls’ boarding school that taught academics subjects.Mary Lyon- founded 1st institution of higher education for women only.
51Early Women’s Movement In the 1800’s men worked and women took care of the home.Most people believed this was the proper place for a women?Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton - organized the Seneca Falls Convention- focused on equal rights for women and marked the beginning of the women’s movement.
52Early Opposition to slavery People opposed slavery but in different way.1.Gradualism- gradual end to slavery2. American Colonization Society- charted ships and bought land in what is known as Liberia. Took free African Americans to Africa.
533. Abolitionist- wanted to free African Americans immediately. William Lloyd Garrison- founded the Liberator- antislavery newspaper that advocated emancipation.Free African Americans- Frederick Douglass- published the north starr.
54Response to abolitionNortherners even those who disapproved of slavery- opposed extreme abolitionThreat to social systemDestroy southern economy/affect their ownSoutherners- viewed slavery essential to their economy.Because of the Revolt of Nat turner- southerners refused to deliver abolitionist materialGrimke’ sisters spoke out against slavery (abolitionist )
559-1 WestJohn Louis O’Sullivan declared the movement west was Manifest destiny- the idea that God had given the continent to Americans and wanted them to settle western landsCoast to coastJohn Deere designed a plow with sharp edge steel blade.1834 Cyrus McCormick planted the mechanical reaper.
57Texas Goes To war Texas and Mexico in a dispute. Wanted to allow immigrationDecrease importsTexas is part of what country?Stephen Austin got Santa Anna to lift the immigration ban and other demandsSam Houston was in control of texas army
58Battle at the alamoAlamo- is where 180 Texans held off Santa Anna's army for 13 days.Texas govt. declared independence from mexicoAt the battle of San Jacinto- Sam Houston defeated Santa Anna troops, captured him and made him sign a treaty recognizing Texas.
591836- Sam Houston was elected president of republic of texas. President John Tyler wanted to bring texas into the union.Why was the controversial?
60Texas and Oregon enter the union Congress voted against annexation of texas.James K. Polk- he promised to annex Texas and Oregon territory and buy California from MexicoBritain and united states spilt the Oregon territory. U.S. got it south of 49 degree north latitude. ‘Tyler annexed texas before polk took officeMexico split ties with U.S.
61Mexican-American War 1846-1848 Mexico refused to discuss the U.S. purchase of California.Polk Sent Zachary Taylor to cross the Nueces River.Polk declared war on mexicoTaylor’s army defeated santa anna and his armyJohn C. Fre’mont took over California from Mexican presenceCalled it the bear flag republicU.S. took over 2 weeks later
62Mexico ceded 500,000 square miles of land to us. Mexico city was captured and the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.Mexico ceded 500,000 square miles of land to us.California Utah, Nevada, new Mexico and Arizona, parts of Colorado and WyomingU.S. pay 15 million and take over 3.5 in mexican debtThis completed manifest destiny.