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 Alien and sedition act-  Alien act- allowed govt to arrest, detain and remove foreigners deemed untrustworthy  Sedition act- limited free speech and.

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Presentation on theme: " Alien and sedition act-  Alien act- allowed govt to arrest, detain and remove foreigners deemed untrustworthy  Sedition act- limited free speech and."— Presentation transcript:

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2  Alien and sedition act-  Alien act- allowed govt to arrest, detain and remove foreigners deemed untrustworthy  Sedition act- limited free speech and expression  Helped federalist because republicans relied on immigrant vote

3  Adams appoints midnight Judges.  Congress repealed judiciary act of 1801 which did away with Adams Midnight judges ( Federalist)  Marbury Vs. Madison- established Judicial Review

4  Jefferson believed only way republic could survived if people owned their own land.  1803 Napoleon(leader of France) needing money to pay for war to take over Europe  He sold Louisiana for 15 million  Called Louisiana purchase  This doubled the size of the U.S.  Thomas Jefferson president during purchase

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6  Congress passed the North West ordinance- established a set of principles and procedures for statehood, applied first to states carved out of the Northwest territory.  Guaranteed civil liberties, established guidelines for statehood, encouraged education, and banned slavery for entire region.

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8  Meriwether Lewis and William Clark along with Sacagawea- explored Louisiana purchase and claimed Oregon territory

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10  Britain started using impressments to get more troops. This help start the war of 1812  Kidnapping American solders.

11  Battle of Tippecanoe shattered native American confidence in their leaders.  British fleet land in Washington DC. And set the white house and capital on fire.  Battle of New Orleans- Andrew Jaskson’s decisive victory over the British made him a hero.  Because of war : Nationalism emerged-loyalty and devotion to a nation  and we got the star spangled banner  Treaty of Ghent – ended the war

12  The Monroe presidency was called the Era of Good Feelings

13  Economic Nationalism-  John C Calhoun got the second national bank started  After war cheap British goods flooded U.S.  Protective tariff- tax

14  Between 1816 and 1824 John Marshall- ruled in three cases that established the power of the Fed. Govt  1. Matin V. Hunter’s lessee- helped establish the supreme court as the nation’s court of final appeal  2. McCulloch V. Maryland- Second bank was constiutional because necessary and proper

15  3. Gibbons V Ogden- constitution granted the federal govt control over interstate commerce.  All trade along coast and waterways dividing states.  What is interstate commerce

16  Nationalism in the United States influences the nation to expand its borders and assert itself in world affairs.  1800’s southern mad at Spanish held Florida?  Slaves run away  Andrew Jackson seized Spanish settlements in Fl and removed Gov. of Florida.

17  Adams-onis treaty – Spain ceded all of Fl. To the U.S. and finalized the western border of the Louisiana purchase  Monroe Doctrine- the U.S. would prevent other countries from interfering in Latin American political affairs.  Told all European countries to stay out of the western hemisphere.

18  Moving West  Steamboat 1807  Steam locomotive establishing Railroad reaching Mississippi River.

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20  Erie Canal Opened in Connecting lake Erie to the west with the Hudson River to the east.  Canals and Railroads helped products move west and farmers products to move east.  Because of the Erie Canal and other transportation advances - New York – became America central point for American trade and banking

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22  Industrial revolution began in England 1700’s  Industrialization-involved a transition from manual to power driven factory labor.  Workers in factories did not do skilled jobs

23  Plantation owners in the south turned to cotton  Eli Whitney received a patent for the cotton gin.  Separated the seed from cotton.  The effect was:increased slavery

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25  Industrialization started to happen in the United States around  Driven by the textile industry  New England had textile miles and the south supplied them and England with cotton  Cotton production and the growing textile industry helped the u.s. get its economic independence.

26  Steam powered engines was used to help industrialization in the country.  Eli Whitney used interchangeable parts (muskets) and invented the cotton gin

27  Samuel F.B. morse- perfected the telegraph in 1832  Industrialization caused people to move out of rural farms and villages? Where did they go??  People were in search of factory jobs with higher wages.

28  Cotton, tobacco, rice, and sugarcane  Cotton gin made planters rich.  Europe wants more cotton than ever  Slaves tripled  South did not industrialize like north.

29  Labor Unions- trying to improve working conditions  Strikes- not going to work  What begins to happen to family farm?  North industry  South farming

30  Class structure developed in South  Top plantation owners- dominated the regions economy and political and legal system  Yeoman farmers- ordinary farmers who usually worked the land themselves(made up most of the white population in south)  Rural poor- hunted fished, and gardened, and raised own croups.  Slaves- made up the bottom of southern society

31  Two labor systems  Task system- was used on small farms and plantations. Had to finish certain task each day  Gang system- enslaved person put in gangs from sunup to sundown  Fredrick Douglass- became head of the antislavery movement

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33  Nat turner- an enslaved minister who believed that God chose him to free his people.  Led a slave revolt and followers killed 50 white people  Slave codes became tighter because of this revolt

34  Missouri compromise- admitting maine as a free state and Missouri as a slave state  Banned slavery in all land with in the Louisiana purchase lying above the N parallel. With the exception of Missouri.

35  Election of candidates  Henry Clay –  John Quincy Adams-  Andrew Jackson- heroism  Jackson’s supports accused adams and clay of a corrupt bargain.

36  Jackson’s supporters took the name Democratic-republicans- later known as what?  Adam’s party- national republicans  Election of 1828  John Quincy adams and Andrew Jackson  Campaigned turned into mudslinging  Jackson won the elcetion

37  Jacksonian democracy refers to presidency of Andrew Jackson  He expanded the power of federal government  Encouraged people from all social classes to vote  Universial white male suffarage  Indian removal act- gave funds to relocate Indians  He defied supreme court decision to not remove the Cherokee from Ga. (Worcester v. GA)  Spoil system- political supports rewarded with jobs 

38  Thousands of Natives died on a force removal what was known as trail of tears.

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41  South Carolina threatened to secede from union over tariffs and states rights  John C. Calhoun- argued that southern states had the right to nullify any law if it wasn’t in their best interest  Cotton still dependent- divided country.  Monroe doctrine direction America's foreign policy.

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43  Jackson ends the second national bank of the United states.  Hurting western farmers  Whigs emerged from the former national republican party  Whigs –wanted to expand the nation govt.  Jackson- Democrats ( no expansion.)  1836 election Van Buren wins election  What party is he from?

44  Panic of  Thousands of farms foreclosed and employment soared.  Whigs won the 1840 election Harrison won the election  Died 32 days later and Tyler became president.

45  Massive influx of immigrants between  Religious and political reason  2 million came from Ireland.  Potato Famine in 1845  Settled in North east and worked as unskilled  Germans settled in Midwest  started on farms and businesses

46  Nativism- hostility towards foreigners among many Americans appeared.  Anti-catholic sentiments towards catholic immigrants led to rise of nativist groups.  Delegates formed the american party.  When members questioned they answered they know nothing.  As a result the party was nicknamed the Know nothings.

47  Second great awakening- this movement promoted the belief that all people could attain grace by readmitting God and Christ into their lives  New denominations-  Joseph smith- founded Church of Jesus Christ of Latter-day saints  Mormons- moved to Illinois from New England.  Brigham Young- moved the Mormons to Utah.

48  Mid 1800’s – reform society  Dorothea Dix worked for improved treatment of the mentally ill  Lyman Beecher established the benevolent societies- at first started to spread God’s message later to combat social problems  What is the major cause of crime and poverty.

49  Reformers advocated temperance or moderation in consumption of alcohol called temperance.  Improving prison conditions. States build penitentiaries. Rehabilitation  Horace Mann- focused on education reform. He is responsible for the education system we know today  Pushed public education and backed a states board of education in Mass.

50  Education reformers generally had men in mind  1850’s educational opportunities started for women.  Emma Willard- founded a girls’ boarding school that taught academics subjects.  Mary Lyon- founded 1 st institution of higher education for women only.

51  In the 1800’s men worked and women took care of the home.  Most people believed this was the proper place for a women?  Lucretia Mott and Elizabeth Cady Stanton - organized the Seneca Falls Convention- focused on equal rights for women and marked the beginning of the women’s movement.

52  People opposed slavery but in different way.  1.Gradualism- gradual end to slavery  2. American Colonization Society- charted ships and bought land in what is known as Liberia. Took free African Americans to Africa.

53  3. Abolitionist- wanted to free African Americans immediately.  William Lloyd Garrison- founded the Liberator- antislavery newspaper that advocated emancipation.  Free African Americans- Frederick Douglass- published the north starr.

54  Northerners even those who disapproved of slavery- opposed extreme abolition  Threat to social system  Destroy southern economy/affect their own  Southerners- viewed slavery essential to their economy.  Because of the Revolt of Nat turner- southerners refused to deliver abolitionist material  Grimke’ sisters spoke out against slavery (abolitionist )

55  John Louis O’Sullivan declared the movement west was Manifest destiny- the idea that God had given the continent to Americans and wanted them to settle western lands  Coast to coast  John Deere designed a plow with sharp edge steel blade.  1834 Cyrus McCormick planted the mechanical reaper.

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57  Texas and Mexico in a dispute.  Wanted to allow immigration  Decrease imports  Texas is part of what country?  Stephen Austin got Santa Anna to lift the immigration ban and other demands  Sam Houston was in control of texas army

58  Alamo- is where 180 Texans held off Santa Anna's army for 13 days.  Texas govt. declared independence from mexico  At the battle of San Jacinto- Sam Houston defeated Santa Anna troops, captured him and made him sign a treaty recognizing Texas.

59  Sam Houston was elected president of republic of texas.  President John Tyler wanted to bring texas into the union.  Why was the controversial?

60  Congress voted against annexation of texas.  James K. Polk- he promised to annex Texas and Oregon territory and buy California from Mexico  Britain and united states spilt the Oregon territory. U.S. got it south of 49 degree north latitude. ‘  Tyler annexed texas before polk took office  Mexico split ties with U.S.

61  Mexico refused to discuss the U.S. purchase of California.  Polk Sent Zachary Taylor to cross the Nueces River.  Polk declared war on mexico  Taylor’s army defeated santa anna and his army  John C. Fre’mont took over California from Mexican presence  Called it the bear flag republic  U.S. took over 2 weeks later

62  Mexico city was captured and the treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo was signed.  Mexico ceded 500,000 square miles of land to us.  California Utah, Nevada, new Mexico and Arizona, parts of Colorado and Wyoming  U.S. pay 15 million and take over 3.5 in mexican debt  This completed manifest destiny.


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