4Causes of World War II Great Depression Rise of Totalitarian GovernmentsTreaty of Versailles- Made Germany go into debtThe need for resources
5Totalitarian GovtTotalitarian- governments who restricted person freedoms and prohibited political oppositionAdolf Hitler- leader of Germany (NAZI party)Benito Mussolini – Leader of Italy
6Hitler’s Aggression and Appeasement the Hitler took over all these landsRhinelandAnnexed AustriaAnnexed Sudetenland(western Czechoslovakia)Great Britain and France did nothing and signed treaty with Germany this was called appeasement
7Japan Japan started seizing land for resources Manchuria(part of china) was taken over by Japan.
8Opposing sides Soviet Union –Joseph Stalin Britain – Winston Churchill Axis -Germany, Italy, JapanGermany- Hitler;Italy - Mussolini ;Japan- Emperor HirohitoAllies- France, Britain, United States (1941), Soviet UnionSoviet Union –Joseph StalinBritain – Winston ChurchillU.S. – Franklin D. Roosevelt / Truman
12Unites states Reaction to Japan and Germany Neutrality act- United States would not take sidesA. Phillip Randolph- was going to march on Washington to get African Americans equal employment in the military
13World War II BeginsSept Hitler invaded Poland. This started the War.Hitler Signed treaty with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin- non aggression pact. Would not fight each other
14Germany’s Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg – Germany's lighten fast warfare Germany conquered Denmark, Norway, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, and France in less than a monthBattle of BritainGerman planes bombed Britain airfields and civil areas in London at nightRoyal Air force- Britain’s air force
15Lend-lease act- send aid to countries and could defer payment until later. Roosevelt said “if a neighbors house is on fire you don’t sell him a hose”, “you give him a hose, then you get it back after the fire is out. This help your neighbor and makes sure that the fire doesn’t’ spread to your house. “
16Dec. 7 1941 Japan attacked US naval fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii Dec Japan attacked US naval fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This brought the united States into World War IIDozen naval vessels damaged , 200 warplanes destroyed, and 3000 people killed or wounded.FDR said, “This was a day which will live in infamy”
17D-Day (operation overlord) D-Day or operation overlord (June 6, 1944) was the largest amphibious invasion ever on the beaches of Normandy, France.led by Supreme Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower.
19Hitler committed suicide when Berlin fell. Germany surrendered and allies countries celebrated V-E Day(victory over Europe day) may
20Holocaust Hitler Proposed the final solution Final solution- killing of all JewsConcentration camps- where Jews were sent to work or killed immediately6-10 million Jews died this was called the holocaustAuschwitz was the most notorious concentration camp
22War in the PacificBattle of Midway- this is the turning point of the war in the warThe U.S. decided to do island hopping- conquer one group of islands then move to the next.MacArthur- returned to Philippines: said, “I shall return” and he didIwo Jima and Okinawa cleared the way for invasion of japan
23Atomic BombManhattan project led by Oppenheimer- invention of atomic bomb at los Alamos, New Mexico.Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima.Then on Nagasaki.V-J Day (victory over Japan Day) Aug 14, 1945Japan unconditionally surrender s
25War Production Board (WPA)- transforms economy from peacetime to wartime. Victory gardensRationing- could only buy so much of certain materials.
26WWIIRosie the Riveter- describes a woman working in the factory where men used to.
27SUSH 20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the cold war on the united states.SSUSH 21: The students will explain comic growth and its impact on the United States
28The Iron CurtainIron Curtain – was an imaginary line between the democratic western part of Europe and the communist ran eastern part of EuropeContainment policy- said to keep communism where it was and not let it spread to other countriesTruman doctrine- U.S. would not hesitate to help nations to defend against communism.
29Marshall plan- provided nations in war torn Europe with financial support from U.S. Germany was divided among U.S., Britain, France and Soviet Union.Berlin which was in the part controlled by the soviets was also split. West Berlin allies, east Berlin Soviet union.
30Berlin airlift- when the u Berlin airlift- when the u.s and British planes supplied west Berlin because the soviet union would not let allies use the roads.Cold War ( )- the tension between the U.S. and the soviet Union (no shots were fired)
31Korean War 1950-1953-Containment policy (domino Theory ) Divided among the 38th parallel.Northern – communistSouthern – democraticPolice actionAt the end country still divided at the 38th parallel.
33Red Scare 1940’s and 50’s Red scare- thought people were communist HUAC- House Un-American Activities Committee- root out communist in the federal governmentMcCarthyism- Sen Joseph McCarthy- the ideas that there were communist in the state department
34GI Bill- Job priority, Money for education Training, loans Purchase of new home and property
35Baby boom- explosion of population after world war II 40’s and 50’s National highway act- called for a federal interstate highway system enacted by president Eisenhower
36Kennedy Nixon DebateTelevision – showed Kennedy as cool and collective, Nixon looked nervous and sweated.Nixon lost the election to Kennedy 1960 because of TV.
37Sputnik- the first artificial satellite to orbit earth launched by the soviets Started the space raceNeal Armstrong 1st man on the moon
38JFKJohn F. Kennedy ordered the over through of Fidel Castro by Cuban exiles- called the bay of pigs. Not successfulCuban missile crisis- 13 day standoff between Russia and united states. Russia put nuclear war heads on Cuba.
39Vietnam North- Ho Chi Minh communist South – Ngo Kinh Diem democratic Tet offensive- The north and the Viet Cong launched a coordinated attack against the United States and south Vietnamese forces.Showed communist could coordinate an attackLed citizens in U.S. to question war (citizens knew long drawn out war)
41Ho Chi Minh TrailNorth Vietnam (Vietcong) used the Ho Chi Minh Trail to supply troops and send supplies to fight South Vietnam
42SSUSh 22: the student will indentify dimensions of the civil rights movement. SSUSH 23: The student will describe and assess the impact of political development between 1945 and 1970.SSUSh 24: The student will analyze the impact of social change movement and organizations of the 1960’s.
43Harry Truman- desegregates the military in 1948. Jackie Robinson Integrates baseball 1947Brown Vs. board of education- integration of the public school system overturned Plessey v. FergusonSCLC- leader Dr. King
44Warren CourtWarren court known for the years Earl Warren was chief Justice of the Supreme Court ( )Activist courtS.C. used its power to bring about social reformsBrown vs Board, Mapp v Ohio, Gideon v Wainwright, free speech, civil rights, and separation of church and state
45King- non violence (civil disobedience) King’s “Letters from a Birmingham Jail”- king wrote to ministers why civil disobedience was the right way to go in civil rights struggle.March on Washington- King gave “I have a dream Speech”
46Lyndon B, Johnson- got the civil rights act of 64 and voting rights act of 65 passes. Great Society had all this in: Medicaid, Medicare, and head start, and welfare
47Warren CourtBrought about social changes through the court system under Chief Justice Earl WarrenBrown vs Board of edu, Mapp v Ohio , Gideon V. Wainwright, Miranda vs ArizoniaMiranda vs. Arizona- have to be informed of all your rights.Gideon vs. Wainwright- get a court appointed attorney for free
48WatergatePeople loyal to Nixon broke into Watergate complex to wiretap the phonesWatergate complex was the head of the Democratic National Committee headquarters5 men caught breaking into buildingNixon did not know about the break in before hand but covered it up.
49Watergate cont.Nixon had a tape recording system installed in Whitehouse. Supreme court ordered him to turn over tapes. Tapes showed he knew about the cover-upNixon Resigned , Gerald Ford took office (never was elected as president or vice president)Ford pardoned Nixon.
50United Farm Workers- founded by Cesar Chavez- support rights for migrant farm workers for Hispanics.
51Environmental movement Rachel Carson –published Silent springs- using of certain pesticides was killing the environment. (DDT)Earth Day- start of the environmental movement- EPA startedRegents of UC. Vs Bakke- limited affirmative action and quota systems.
52Roe vs. wade- women's right to privacy- abortion Camp David accords- Jimmy Carter got a peace treaty signed between Israel and EgyptPresident Bill Clinton was impeached over lying under oath about Monica Lewinski.September 11, 2001 the war on terror started with the bombing of world trade center.
53Sit in- non-violent protest started at North Carolina A & T. SNCC- young people non violent protestFreedom Riders- organized by core to see if buss stations were really desegregated.SSNCC leaders like Stokley Carmichael – came up with black power- racial pride and use violence if necessary to gain civil rights.