Presentation on theme: "Unit 8 World War II 1939-1945 U.S. enters 1941. SSUSH 19 : The students will identify the origins, major developments, and the domestic impact of world."— Presentation transcript:
Unit 8 World War II U.S. enters 1941
SSUSH 19 : The students will identify the origins, major developments, and the domestic impact of world War II, especially the growth of the Federal Government
Beach Invasion of Normandy
Causes of World War II Great Depression Rise of Totalitarian Governments Treaty of Versailles- Made Germany go into debt The need for resources
Totalitarian Govt Totalitarian- governments who restricted person freedoms and prohibited political opposition – Adolf Hitler- leader of Germany (NAZI party) – Benito Mussolini – Leader of Italy
Hitler’s Aggression and Appeasement the Hitler took over all these lands Rhineland Annexed Austria Annexed Sudetenland(western Czechoslovakia) Great Britain and France did nothing and signed treaty with Germany this was called appeasement
Japan Japan started seizing land for resources Manchuria(part of china) was taken over by Japan.
Opposing sides Axis -Germany, Italy, Japan Germany- Hitler; Italy - Mussolini ; Japan- Emperor Hirohito Allies- France, Britain, United States (1941), Soviet Union – Soviet Union –Joseph Stalin – Britain – Winston Churchill – U.S. – Franklin D. Roosevelt / Truman
Axis leaders Hitler Mussolini Hirohito
Totalitarian/Fascist Dictators Hitler and Mussolini
Allies Churchill, Roosevelt, & Stalin
Unites states Reaction to Japan and Germany Neutrality act- United States would not take sides A. Phillip Randolph- was going to march on Washington to get African Americans equal employment in the military
World War II Begins Sept Hitler invaded Poland. This started the War. Hitler Signed treaty with Soviet leader Joseph Stalin- non aggression pact. Would not fight each other
Germany’s Blitzkrieg Blitzkrieg – Germany's lighten fast warfare Germany conquered Denmark, Norway, Poland, Belgium, Netherlands, and France in less than a month Battle of Britain – German planes bombed Britain airfields and civil areas in London at night – Royal Air force- Britain’s air force
Lend-lease act- send aid to countries and could defer payment until later. – Roosevelt said “if a neighbors house is on fire you don’t sell him a hose”, “you give him a hose, then you get it back after the fire is out. This help your neighbor and makes sure that the fire doesn’t’ spread to your house. “
Dec Japan attacked US naval fleet in Pearl Harbor, Hawaii. This brought the united States into World War II – Dozen naval vessels damaged, 200 warplanes destroyed, and 3000 people killed or wounded. – FDR said, “This was a day which will live in infamy”
D-Day (operation overlord) D-Day or operation overlord (June 6, 1944) was the largest amphibious invasion ever on the beaches of Normandy, France. led by Supreme Commander Dwight D. Eisenhower.
D-day(operation overlord ) June
Hitler committed suicide when Berlin fell. Germany surrendered and allies countries celebrated V-E Day(victory over Europe day) may
Holocaust Hitler Proposed the final solution Final solution- killing of all Jews Concentration camps- where Jews were sent to work or killed immediately 6-10 million Jews died this was called the holocaust Auschwitz was the most notorious concentration camp
War in the Pacific Battle of Midway- this is the turning point of the war in the war The U.S. decided to do island hopping- conquer one group of islands then move to the next. MacArthur- returned to Philippines: said, “I shall return” and he did Iwo Jima and Okinawa cleared the way for invasion of japan
Atomic Bomb Manhattan project led by Oppenheimer- invention of atomic bomb at los Alamos, New Mexico. Enola Gay dropped the atomic bomb on Hiroshima. Then on Nagasaki. V-J Day (victory over Japan Day) Aug 14, 1945 – Japan unconditionally surrender s
War Production Board (WPA)- transforms economy from peacetime to wartime. Victory gardens Rationing- could only buy so much of certain materials.
WWII Rosie the Riveter- describes a woman working in the factory where men used to.
SUSH 20 The student will analyze the domestic and international impact of the cold war on the united states. SSUSH 21: The students will explain comic growth and its impact on the United States
The Iron Curtain Iron Curtain – was an imaginary line between the democratic western part of Europe and the communist ran eastern part of Europe Containment policy- said to keep communism where it was and not let it spread to other countries Truman doctrine- U.S. would not hesitate to help nations to defend against communism.
Marshall plan- provided nations in war torn Europe with financial support from U.S. Germany was divided among U.S., Britain, France and Soviet Union. Berlin which was in the part controlled by the soviets was also split. West Berlin allies, east Berlin Soviet union.
Berlin airlift- when the u.s and British planes supplied west Berlin because the soviet union would not let allies use the roads. Cold War ( )- the tension between the U.S. and the soviet Union (no shots were fired)
Korean War Containment policy (domino Theory ) Divided among the 38 th parallel. Northern – communist Southern – democratic Police action At the end country still divided at the 38 th parallel.
Red Scare 1940’s and 50’s Red scare- thought people were communist HUAC- House Un-American Activities Committee- root out communist in the federal government McCarthyism- Sen Joseph McCarthy- the ideas that there were communist in the state department
GI Bill- – Job priority, – Money for education – Training, loans – Purchase of new home and property
Baby boom- explosion of population after world war II 40’s and 50’s National highway act- called for a federal interstate highway system enacted by president Eisenhower
Kennedy Nixon Debate Television – showed Kennedy as cool and collective, Nixon looked nervous and sweated. Nixon lost the election to Kennedy 1960 because of TV.
Sputnik- the first artificial satellite to orbit earth launched by the soviets Started the space race Neal Armstrong 1 st man on the moon
JFK John F. Kennedy ordered the over through of Fidel Castro by Cuban exiles- called the bay of pigs. Not successful Cuban missile crisis- 13 day standoff between Russia and united states. Russia put nuclear war heads on Cuba.
Vietnam North- Ho Chi Minh communist South – Ngo Kinh Diem democratic Tet offensive- The north and the Viet Cong launched a coordinated attack against the United States and south Vietnamese forces. – Showed communist could coordinate an attack – Led citizens in U.S. to question war (citizens knew long drawn out war)
Ho Chi Minh Trail North Vietnam (Vietcong) used the Ho Chi Minh Trail to supply troops and send supplies to fight South Vietnam
SSUSh 22: the student will indentify dimensions of the civil rights movement. SSUSH 23: The student will describe and assess the impact of political development between 1945 and SSUSh 24: The student will analyze the impact of social change movement and organizations of the 1960’s.
Harry Truman- desegregates the military in Jackie Robinson Integrates baseball 1947 Brown Vs. board of education- integration of the public school system overturned Plessey v. Ferguson SCLC- leader Dr. King
Warren Court Warren court known for the years Earl Warren was chief Justice of the Supreme Court ( ) Activist court S.C. used its power to bring about social reforms Brown vs Board, Mapp v Ohio, Gideon v Wainwright, free speech, civil rights, and separation of church and state
King- non violence (civil disobedience) King’s “Letters from a Birmingham Jail”- king wrote to ministers why civil disobedience was the right way to go in civil rights struggle. March on Washington- King gave “I have a dream Speech”
Lyndon B, Johnson- got the civil rights act of 64 and voting rights act of 65 passes. Great Society had all this in: Medicaid, Medicare, and head start, and welfare
Warren Court Brought about social changes through the court system under Chief Justice Earl Warren Brown vs Board of edu, Mapp v Ohio, Gideon V. Wainwright, Miranda vs Arizonia Miranda vs. Arizona- have to be informed of all your rights. Gideon vs. Wainwright- get a court appointed attorney for free
Watergate People loyal to Nixon broke into Watergate complex to wiretap the phones Watergate complex was the head of the Democratic National Committee headquarters 5 men caught breaking into building Nixon did not know about the break in before hand but covered it up.
Watergate cont. Nixon had a tape recording system installed in Whitehouse. Supreme court ordered him to turn over tapes. Tapes showed he knew about the cover-up Nixon Resigned, Gerald Ford took office (never was elected as president or vice president) Ford pardoned Nixon.
United Farm Workers- founded by Cesar Chavez- support rights for migrant farm workers for Hispanics.
Environmental movement Rachel Carson –published Silent springs- using of certain pesticides was killing the environment. (DDT) Earth Day- start of the environmental movement- EPA started Regents of UC. Vs Bakke- limited affirmative action and quota systems.
Roe vs. wade- women's right to privacy- abortion Camp David accords- Jimmy Carter got a peace treaty signed between Israel and Egypt President Bill Clinton was impeached over lying under oath about Monica Lewinski. September 11, 2001 the war on terror started with the bombing of world trade center.
Sit in- non-violent protest started at North Carolina A & T. SNCC- young people non violent protest Freedom Riders- organized by core to see if buss stations were really desegregated. SSNCC leaders like Stokley Carmichael – came up with black power- racial pride and use violence if necessary to gain civil rights.