Presentation on theme: "How Do Government Systems Distribute Power?"— Presentation transcript:
1How Do Government Systems Distribute Power? Unitary, Confederation, & FederalThanks to Ms. BennettLanier Middle School
2So why do we need governments anyways?... Discuss with your elbow partner.
3Why Do We Have Governments? All countries require governments to function.Governments provide laws, structure, public services, and national defense.
4Federal, Confederation, Unitary How Is Power Shared?
5Federal GovernmentFederal– Power is shared by a powerful central government and the state or local governments.States or provinces are given considerable self rule, usually through their own legislatures.Examples:United StatesRussiaGermany
6Federal GovernmentPower is SharedState Governments
7Federal Governments of the World (All countries in green)
8Unitary GovernmentUnitary – a system in which the power is held by one central authorityAll power is given to one branch of government.Examples:FranceUnited Kingdom (U.K.)SwedenSpainFormer Soviet Union
9Unitary GovernmentCentral has ALL powerState Governments
10Unitary Governments of the World (All countries in blue)
11ConfederationConfederation - a system in which power is shared by an alliance or union of political organizationsIndependent states voluntarily work together for some common purpose and agree to certain limits on their freedom of action as a confederation.Examples:European UnionSwitzerland
12State/Local governments have ALL the power ConfederationState/Local governments have ALL the power
13How Governments Share Power CONFEDERATIONFEDERALUNITARYALL CONTROL AT LOCAL LEVELALL CONTROL AT CENTRAL (NATIONAL) LEVELCENTRAL (NATIONAL) AND LOCAL SHARE POWER
14Let’s Talk About IT!Let’s get in groups of three.Number yourselves one, two, and three.Ones explain to the twos and threes how a unitary government system distributes power.Twos explain to the ones and threes how a confederation government system distributes power.Threes explain to the ones and twos how a federal government system distributes power.
16Distribution of Power Awards Your task:Create an award that will go with each of the three ways that government systems distribute powerWrite the award and also include a brief description of why the award was given.For example: “Most Likely to Back Each Other Up In A War”Confederate System -- The member countries have alliances with each other.
17Fold Your Paper Into 6 Squares: Government SystemAward & ReasonFederalConfederation“Most Likely to Back Each Other Up In A War”--Member countries form an allianceUnitary