Presentation on theme: "Deciduous Forest By. McKenzie Green Elizabeth Cotton Elly Conway Hunter Edwards."— Presentation transcript:
Deciduous Forest By. McKenzie Green Elizabeth Cotton Elly Conway Hunter Edwards
Temperature The average temperature of a Deciduous Forest would be 50 degrees F. The reason it would be 50 degrease is because it is hot in the summer and spring but it still has the trees too cool things off for the plants and the animals.
Seasons The deciduous forest has four seasons. Winters are cold. The ground freezes and in the forest the trees are bare. Some times the weight of the ice and snow snaps a branch. Winter passes, and in spring the forest springs back to life. Summer is warm, and it draws to a close when the leaves change colors and fall is back!!
Global Location The global location is in the eastern part of the United States and Europe. There are many Deciduous Forest in Asia and south west Russia, Japan, and eastern China. Also, in Chile, Paraguay, and southern New Zealand, and southern Australia.
Precipitation Precipitation in the temperate deciduous forest is spread throughout the year. However, during the winter months it is usually frozen and unavailable to animals. Animals living within this biome must adjust to cold winters and hot summers. Leaves generally fall off in the fall, leaving animals with less cover to hide themselves from predators. The average rain fall in a Deciduous Forest is 30 to 60 inches of rain a year!
American Beech The animals that feed on the nuts that grow on this tree are the black bears, white-tailed deer, rabbits, red and gray squirrels, flying foxes, porcupines and other animals. The American Beech tree does not like city living, probably because of the carbon monoxide. American Beech trees provide cover for many animals. Beech trees have many leaves to catch the sun light.
Carpet moss Carpet Moss a is simple, rootless evergreen plant. They can live in a wide variety of habitats, but are most often found covering the ground, growing on stream beds, and on the base of trees in deciduous woodlands. Carpet moss grows in eastern North America and Europe. Carpet Moss, like its name, carpets the ground. In the spring the carpet moss is golden green, and turns dark green as it gets older.
Guelder Rose The Guelder Rose grows at low altitudes and is found in England and Scotland. It's part of the honey suckle family. The Guelder Rose has white pedals and is in a dome shape. It's bright red berries attract birds. It is pollinated by insects and it's bark can be used as an herbal medicine. It also helps the animals because of the berries on it.
White Oak When the White oak is only a seedling it produces a taproot. The taproot plunges into the ground during a drought to bring the tree water. This taproot disappears with age and then a fibrous root system with tapered laterals grows. Although found on many soil types, white oak does best on coarse, deep, moist, well-drained, and slightly acid soils.
Lady Fern You may have Lady fern in your own house. Many people use it to decorate their homes. You may see it hanging or potted. Lady Ferns prefer shaded areas, and that is why the Lady Fern grows in the deciduous forest because there are a ton of trees to keep it shady. Lady ferns reproduce by thick, scaly rhizomes and spores. Bears like to eat Lady ferns as a major food source.
Fat Dormouse These rodents look like short, fat squirrels with bushy tails. It can adapt and thrive in many types of woodland but does not do well in evergreen forests. The dormouse finds shelter in hollow trees, rock crevices or even woodpecker holes. The dormouse is an omnivore, and feeds on apples, pears, plums, grapes, seeds, berries, nuts, insects, and sometimes birds eggs.
American Black Bear The black bear's coat is well adapted to the cold weather of winter because of its many layers of shaggy fur. Its claws are also very adapted to its environment, this is because they are just the right length to climb the many trees that surround its forest home. This bear also hibernates to avoid having to find food in the winter.
White Tailed Deer They graze on green plants in the summer and nuts and acorns during the winter. They will also eat twigs and the buds of birch, maple and conifer trees in the winter. The white-tailed deer has protective coloring, or camouflage, that allows it to hide in the undergrowth. If you were walking by and it was standing nearby, you probably would have to look hard to see it.
Eastern Chipmunk The Eastern Chipmunk is a very cutie little animal. They like to rest during the day and are only active in the morning and late afternoon. They like to make their burrows in stone walls and rotting logs. The entrances to their burrows are well concealed. A burrow will have a main nesting chamber lined with leaves. Off of this chamber are several other chambers for storing food. They don't like open areas and will stay under the cover of plants whenever possible.
Duckbill Platypus The tail has fatty tissue which is used to store energy. The platypus does not have teeth, so it grinds its food with grinding pads in its mouth. The platypus uses many things to survive in its environment such as webbed feet and a flat tail used to swim. Thick fur keeps them dry and warm. Their tails store fat for energy, and broad nails help them for digging and walking. The platypus lives along streams and river beds. It burrows one entrance underwater and another one above water so that it has two entrances to its burrow. It burrows into riverbanks in the soft mud. It uses its front feet like shovels to dig the burrow.
Tawny Milkcap Mushroom The Tawny Milkcap's cap is 2 to 5 inches wide, and smooth with a dry, velvety feel to it. The upper part is orange-brown in color. The edges of the mushroom cap turn up and becomes bowl shaped, making it look like and inside out umbrella. When they are young they have a darker, russet color, and turn almost pale yellow as they get older. The gills are close together and are almost white. They bruise easily and turn brown where you touch them.
E. Coil In the Temperate deciduous Forest their is also bacteria named monera. Moneras are the lowest division of rhizopods, including those witch resemble the amoebas, but are destitute of a nucleus. one kind of moneran in the temperate deciduous forest is E. Coli or it's scientific name is Escherichia coli. This bacteria usually lives in peoples or animals stomachs.
Elevation On mountainsides, deciduous trees grow up to elevations where the coniferous trees begin, at approximately 9,000 feet (2,743 meters) above sea level. They are not well adapted to the colder, drier conditions higher up. They have some areas where the elevation is very high and some where the elevation is very low they have a range or varity of elevations.