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Chemistry Daily 10’s Week 16
1 1. Acids react with a. bases to produce salts and water. b. salts to produce bases and water. c. water to produce bases and salts. d. neither bases, salts, nor water.
2. A binary acid contains a. two hydrogen atoms. b. hydrogen and one other element. c. hydrogen and two other elements. d. hydrogen and three other elements.
2 1. Compared with acids that have the suffix -ic, acids that have the suffix -ous contain a. more hydrogen. b. more oxygen. c. less oxygen. d. the same amount of oxygen.
2. A substance that ionizes nearly completely in aqueous solutions and produces H 3 O + is a a. weak base. b. strong base. c. weak acid. d. strong acid.
3 1. In the equation HCl(g) + H 2 O(l) H 3 O + (aq) + Cl – (aq), which species is a Brønsted-Lowry acid? a. HCl b. H 2 O c. Cl – d. None of the above
2. A Lewis base is a(n) a. producer of OH – ions. b. proton acceptor. c. electron-pair donor. d. electron-pair acceptor.
4 1. In the reaction represented by the equation Ag + (aq) + 2NH 3 (aq) [Ag(NH 3 ) 2 ] + (aq), Ag + is a a. Brønsted-Lowry acid. b. Lewis acid. c. Brønsted-Lowry base. d. Arrhenius base.
2. In the reaction represented by the equation, a conjugate acid-base pair is a. F – and H 2 O. b. HF and F –. c. H 3 O + and HF. d. HF and H 2 O.
5 1. An amphoteric species is one that reacts as a(n) a. acid only. b. base only. c. acid or base. d. None of the above
2. Which of the following is amphoteric? a. H 3 PO 4 b. H + c. d.
Answers & Standards 1.1.ANS:ASTA:SC7.b 1.2.ANS:BSTA:SC7.b 2.1.ANS:CSTA:SC7.b 2.2.ANS:DSTA:SC7.b 3.1.ANS:ASTA:SC7.b 3.2.ANS:CSTA:SC7.b 4.1.ANS:BSTA:SC1.d 4.2.ANS:BSTA:SC7.b 5.1.ANS:CSTA:SC7.b 5.2.ANS:CSTA:SC7.b
There are 3 theories… Arrhenius (most common) Bronsted-Lowry Lewis.
Brønsted/Lowry acid: a proton donor proton donor?... a proton is also an H + ion in water, H 2 O + donated H + H 3 O + H 3 O + = “hydronium ion”
Review Acids and Bases. Acids taste ______ and bases taste _______? Sour, bitter.
Warm-Up: To be turned in Identify the type of reaction represented in the following equations: C 10 H O 2 ---> 10CO 2 + 4H 2 O 8Fe + S 8 ---> 8FeS.
Chapter 15 Acids and Bases. Sect. 15-1: Properties of Acids and Bases Acids Have a sour taste Change the color of acid-base indicators Some react.
Acids – Quick Survey of General Features 1.Aqueous solutions of acids have a sour taste. 2.Acids change the color of acid-base indicators. CHEMISTRY CHAPTER.
Acid-Base Theories Section 20.3
15.1 Water and Its Properties > 1 1. How much solute is dissolved in 150 mL of a 5M solution (answer in moles)? Day moles of solute.
1 The Chemistry of Acids and Bases Chapter Some Properties of Acids þ Produce H + ions in water þ Taste sour þ Corrode metals þ Electrolytes þ React.
CHAPTER 10 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions I: Acids, Bases & Salts
Weak Acids A weak acid does not ionize completely to form hydrogen ions. e.g.HC 2 H 3 O 2 (aq ) H + (aq) + C 2 H 3 O 2 - (aq) 1.3% K a = [H + (aq) ] [H.
Brønsted-Lowry Model Acids - proton (H + ) donors Bases – accepts proton (H + )
Acid-Base Theories. In 1887, a Swedish chemist, Svante Arrhenius, published a paper concerning acids and bases. In 1887, a Swedish chemist, Svante Arrhenius,
What makes an acid an acid or a base a base can vary depending on definition being used. The first definition was created by Svante Arrhenius in 1883.
Copyright © Cengage Learning. All rights reserved.15 | 1 Brønsted–Lowry Concept of Acids and Bases The Brønsted–Lowry concept expands the compounds that.
Acids & Bases Water and acid combine in an exothermic reaction - releasing large amounts of heat.
NOTES: 19.1 – Acid-Base Theories
1 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions I. 2 Properties of Aqueous Solutions of Acids & Bases Acidic properties taste sour change the colors of indicators turn.
Sec. 18.1: Acids & Bases: An Introduction
Acids, Bases, and Salts I. Properties of Acids n Sour taste n Change colors of acid-base indicators warm colors– turns litmus paper red n Some react.
Acids and Bases 3 definitions for acids and bases – Arrhenius – Bronsted-Lowry – Lewis Must be in solution – Most often dissolved in water (aqueous) Inorganic.
Different models help describe the behavior of acids and bases. Section 1: Introduction to Acids and Bases K What I Know W What I Want to Find Out L What.
ACIDS AND BASES
Acid-Base Theories The “Boyz”. Acid and Base Theories2 Arrhenius Theory of Acids Acid: molecular substances that breaks-ups in aqueous solution into H+
ACIDS, BASES & SALTS The Arrhenius Theory of Acids and Bases.
Acids and Bases Part 2. Classifying Acids and Bases Arrhenius Acid ◦ Increases hydrogen ions (H + ) in water ◦ Creates H 3 O + (hydronium) Base ◦ Increases.
Acids & Bases. Properties of Acids & Bases Acids Aqueous solutions of acids have a sour taste Turn blue litmus paper to red React with metals to produce.
Intro to Acids and Bases Chapter Properties of Acids and Bases Acids and bases have a variety of properties that help us differentiate between them.
Chapter 15 Acids and Bases. Acids Vocabulary – Hydrogen ion = H +1 = Proton General Properties of Acids: Acids have a sour taste (ex – citrus fruits,
ACID/BASE Theories & Review
Podcast 18.1 Introduction to Acid-Base Chemistry.
Bases Sodium hydroxide Preferred IUPAC name Sodium hydroxide Systematic name Sodium oxidanide Other names Caustic soda Lye Graphics Source: Wikipedia.
Acids, Bases and Water! Chapter 19 (mostly).
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Aim: What are acids and bases?. Acids 1.Acids can be strong or weak electrolytes in aqueous solutions. 2.Acids (ex: HCl) react with certain metals to.
CHAPTER 10 Reactions in Aqueous Solutions I: Acids, Bases & Salts.
CHE1102, Chapter 15 Learn, 1 Chapter 15 Acids and Bases, A Molecular Look.
1 Chapter 19 Objectives: 1) Differentiate between acids and bases. 2) Explain the following three acid-base theories: Arrhenius, Bronsted-Lowry, Lewis.
Ch 14.1 Properties of Acids and Bases. Acids Are sour to taste React with bases to produce salts and water. React with metals and release H 2 gas.
Acid and Base Ch 15 and acids 1. tastes sour. 2. conducts an electric current. 3. Causes certain dyes ( indicators) to change color. 4. Liberates.
Acids and Bases. Acid Group of compounds with some common properties when in solution Group of compounds with some common properties when in solution.
People forget how fast you did a job but they remember how well you did it.
Acids and Bases: Introduction Section Objectives Identify the physical and chemical properties of acids and bases Classify solutions as acidic,
ERT 207 ANALYTICAL CHEMISTRY ACIDS AND BASES THEORIES ACID BASE EQUILIBRIA IN WATER pH SCALE 27 Jan 2011 (MISS NOORULNAJWA DIYANA YAACOB) 1.
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Arrhenius Definition Acids produce hydrogen ions in aqueous solution.
Acids and Bases Unit 12. Properties of an Acid Sour taste Turns litmus paper red (and responds uniquely to other indicators) Reacts with: Hydroxide.
Year 12 Chemistry. He classified all chemicals into three categories – acids, bases and salts He classified all chemicals into three categories – acids,
Daniel L. Reger Scott R. Goode David W. Ball Chapter 15 Solutions of Acids and Bases.
Classifying Acids and Bases. Acid and Base Theories There are different ways of defining what an acid and base is 1. Arrhenius 2. Bronstead Lowry.
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