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Western Europe The Renaissance. What was the Renaissance?  A “Rebirth” of interest in learning and art  Start of the “Humanist” movement  The use of.

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Presentation on theme: "Western Europe The Renaissance. What was the Renaissance?  A “Rebirth” of interest in learning and art  Start of the “Humanist” movement  The use of."— Presentation transcript:

1 Western Europe The Renaissance

2 What was the Renaissance?  A “Rebirth” of interest in learning and art  Start of the “Humanist” movement  The use of perspective  Leaders called Humanists  A “Rebirth” of interest in learning and art  Start of the “Humanist” movement  The use of perspective  Leaders called Humanists

3 Why did the Renaissance need to take place?  Fall of Rome AD  Empire covered most of known world.  Developed important city-states  Empire became too big to defend well.  Middle Ages AD – 1500AD  First 500 years = Dark Ages  The Bubonic Plague “Black Death” (bacterial infection) that killed 1/3 – 1/2 of Europe (1347)  Fall of Rome AD  Empire covered most of known world.  Developed important city-states  Empire became too big to defend well.  Middle Ages AD – 1500AD  First 500 years = Dark Ages  The Bubonic Plague “Black Death” (bacterial infection) that killed 1/3 – 1/2 of Europe (1347)

4 Where did the Renaissance begin?  Italy – Western Europe  Eventually spread north across all of Europe  Changed the way that people viewed themselves and the world  Italy – Western Europe  Eventually spread north across all of Europe  Changed the way that people viewed themselves and the world

5 Why did it begin in Italy?  Trade brought Italians into contact with other cultures  Ruins of Ancient Rome were a constant reminder of past glory

6  Motivated people to create new unique things (poetry, buildings, paintings)  Focused on improving world rather than hoping for a better life after death  New approach to thinking was called “Humanism”  Motivated people to create new unique things (poetry, buildings, paintings)  Focused on improving world rather than hoping for a better life after death  New approach to thinking was called “Humanism”

7 When did the Renaissance occur?  Approximately 1300 – 1600 AD  Peaked in the 1500’s  Approximately 1300 – 1600 AD  Peaked in the 1500’s

8 What ideas changed society?  Material things became an important part of life for aristocratic citizens.  Proud of their city-states = competitive  Hired architects and designers to improve local churches, build grand buildings and create public sculptures and fountains.  Material things became an important part of life for aristocratic citizens.  Proud of their city-states = competitive  Hired architects and designers to improve local churches, build grand buildings and create public sculptures and fountains.

9  As part of the competition to improve the appearance and status of their city- state, they attracted the best and brightest of scholars of the time.

10 Who were the important people of the Renaissance?  Leonardo da Vinci = artist, musician, architect, engineer, mathematician, scientist  Created the “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper” paintings  Studied the world around him.  Filled notebooks with sketches of inventions hundreds of years before they were built.  Flying machines, parachutes, submarines  Leonardo da Vinci = artist, musician, architect, engineer, mathematician, scientist  Created the “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper” paintings  Studied the world around him.  Filled notebooks with sketches of inventions hundreds of years before they were built.  Flying machines, parachutes, submarines

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12  Michelangelo = artist, architect, sculptor  Frescoes of ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Rome  Covers approximately 6,300 square feet, over 300 figures  Painted most laying on his back while on scaffolding  Completed in 4 years (1512) with no assistants  Sculpted “Moses” and “David”  Helped design St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome  Michelangelo = artist, architect, sculptor  Frescoes of ceiling of Sistine Chapel in Rome  Covers approximately 6,300 square feet, over 300 figures  Painted most laying on his back while on scaffolding  Completed in 4 years (1512) with no assistants  Sculpted “Moses” and “David”  Helped design St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome

13 Sistine Chapel

14 censored From this vantage point, though, visitors can look for the chip on Moses' knee which was, according to one story, the result of Michelangelo's hurling his chisel at the statue. The artist, in awe of the life-like qualities that emerged from the marble as he worked, is said to have thrown the chisel and screamed at the statue, "Perché non parli? (Why don't you talk?)" David Moses

15 Saint Peter’s Basilica High Altar

16  Gutenberg  Invention of the printing press allowed  Ideas to move freely across Europe  First printed version of the Bible.  Gutenberg  Invention of the printing press allowed  Ideas to move freely across Europe  First printed version of the Bible.  Gutenberg could eventually print 300 pages per day. Within 50 years, there were more than 1,000 printing shops in Europe.

17 What was the clothing and hygiene like during the Renaissance?  Wealthy  Women = loose-fitting, high-wasted brocaded gowns  Men = tight of various colors, short doublet or jerkin (long shirt), detachable sleeves, closed with “points” (tiny hooks and rings)  Poor = woolen clothes often made of hemp  Wealthy  Women = loose-fitting, high-wasted brocaded gowns  Men = tight of various colors, short doublet or jerkin (long shirt), detachable sleeves, closed with “points” (tiny hooks and rings)  Poor = woolen clothes often made of hemp

18  Appearance was very important = fashions changed as quickly as the weather  No bathing = it was thought to have spread disease  The wealthy used powders and scented towels  Appearance was very important = fashions changed as quickly as the weather  No bathing = it was thought to have spread disease  The wealthy used powders and scented towels

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20 How did the Renaissance impact Europe?  Trade increased  Led to the growth of cities in Europe along trade routes  Led to establishment of colonies in Africa, India and the Americas  In search of wealth = gold, ivory, silver and spices  Monarchs got wealthier and more powerful  Feudalism started to decline  Middle class forms  Merchants, Traders, Skilled craftsmen  Trade increased  Led to the growth of cities in Europe along trade routes  Led to establishment of colonies in Africa, India and the Americas  In search of wealth = gold, ivory, silver and spices  Monarchs got wealthier and more powerful  Feudalism started to decline  Middle class forms  Merchants, Traders, Skilled craftsmen


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