2What was the Renaissance? A “Rebirth” of interest in learning and artStart of the “Humanist” movementThe use of perspectiveLeaders called Humanists
3Why did the Renaissance need to take place? Fall of Rome ADEmpire covered most of known world.Developed important city-statesEmpire became too big to defend well.Middle Ages AD – 1500ADFirst 500 years = Dark AgesThe Bubonic Plague “Black Death” (bacterial infection) that killed 1/3 – 1/2 of Europe (1347)
4Where did the Renaissance begin? Italy – Western EuropeEventually spread north across all of EuropeChanged the way that people viewed themselves and the world
5Why did it begin in Italy? Ruins of Ancient Rome were a constant reminder of past gloryTrade brought Italians into contact with other cultures
6Motivated people to create new unique things (poetry, buildings, paintings) Focused on improving world rather than hoping for a better life after deathNew approach to thinking was called “Humanism”
7When did the Renaissance occur? Approximately 1300 – 1600 ADPeaked in the 1500’s
8What ideas changed society? Material things became an important part of life for aristocratic citizens.Proud of their city-states = competitiveHired architects and designers to improve local churches, build grand buildings and create public sculptures and fountains.
9As part of the competition to improve the appearance and status of their city-state, they attracted the best and brightest of scholars of the time.
10Who were the important people of the Renaissance? Leonardo da Vinci = artist, musician, architect, engineer, mathematician, scientistCreated the “Mona Lisa” and “The Last Supper” paintingsStudied the world around him.Filled notebooks with sketches of inventions hundreds of years before they were built.Flying machines, parachutes, submarines
12Michelangelo = artist, architect, sculptor Frescoes of ceiling of Sistine Chapel in RomeCovers approximately 6,300 square feet, over 300 figuresPainted most laying on his back while on scaffoldingCompleted in 4 years (1512) with no assistantsSculpted “Moses” and “David”Helped design St. Peter’s Basilica in Rome
14From this vantage point, though, visitors can look for the chip on Moses' knee which was, according to one story, the result of Michelangelo's hurling his chisel at the statue. The artist, in awe of the life-like qualities that emerged from the marble as he worked, is said to have thrown the chisel and screamed at the statue, "Perché non parli? (Why don't you talk?)"censoredDavidMoses
16Gutenberg Invention of the printing press allowed Ideas to move freely across EuropeFirst printed version of the Bible.Gutenberg could eventually print 300 pages per day. Within 50 years, there were more than 1,000 printing shops in Europe.
17What was the clothing and hygiene like during the Renaissance? WealthyWomen = loose-fitting, high-wasted brocaded gownsMen = tight of various colors, short doublet or jerkin (long shirt), detachable sleeves, closed with “points” (tiny hooks and rings)Poor = woolen clothes often made of hemp
18Appearance was very important = fashions changed as quickly as the weather No bathing = it was thought to have spread diseaseThe wealthy used powders and scented towels
20How did the Renaissance impact Europe? Trade increasedLed to the growth of cities in Europe along trade routesLed to establishment of colonies in Africa, India and the AmericasIn search of wealth = gold, ivory, silver and spicesMonarchs got wealthier and more powerfulFeudalism started to declineMiddle class formsMerchants, Traders, Skilled craftsmen