Presentation on theme: "WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF LABOUR LAW IN PAKISTAN HEALTH N SAFETY STANDARDS TO BE MAINTAINED BY FACTORY OWNERS?"— Presentation transcript:
WHAT IS THE IMPORTANCE OF LABOUR LAW IN PAKISTAN HEALTH N SAFETY STANDARDS TO BE MAINTAINED BY FACTORY OWNERS?
ARBITRARTOR A person appointed such as under section 27 AWARD The determination by any labor court,arbitrator of any industrial dispute or an Appellate court Collective BARGAINING AGENT trade union of work men which under section 24 is the agent of work men in establishment COLLECTIVE BARGAINING UNIT those workers of an employer in an establishment falling in same class of industry whose terms and conditions on employment are subject of collective bargaining together CONCILIATOR A person appointed in respect of disputes which National Industrial relation commission is competent to adjudicate and determine the disputes
EMPOLYER A person in relation to an establishment who can employ the workmen. Any person responsible for Management, supervision and control of the establishment. In relation to establishment run on the behalf of local authority, the officer appointed on his behalf where no officer is appointed as CEO. ESTABLISHMENT It means any Office, shop, firm, factory, society under taking, company, enterprise which employ work men. For purpose of carrying business, industry and all its departments situated in same or different place. INSEPECTOR Means any inspector appointed under this act LABOUR COURT Means a court appointed under sec.52
LOCK OUT The closing of a place of employment Suspension of Work, by an employer Refusal, absolute or conditional by an employer in connection to solve the industrial dispute REGISTRAR A registrar of trade union appointed under section 14 TRADE UNION Any combination of work men or employees formed for purpose of regulation s and relations between work men and employer.
Executive The person who manage the affairs of trade union by its constitution Conciliator A person who is appointed by National Industrial Commission to adjust the dispute Strike Cession of work by employees in establishment Refusal of work by employees under common under standing
HEALTH OF WORKERS CLEANLINESS Keep clean, free from effluvia arising from drain and nuisance Dirt should be remover on daily bases Drainage should be provided White wash at least in 14 months DISPOSAL OF WATER AND EFFLUENTS Effective measures to be taken for disposal of waist age Effluents during manufacturing process should be properly disposed VENTILATION AND TEMPERATURE Proper arrangements for ventilation to circulate fresh air Temperature must be kept comfortable DUST AND FUMES Dust and fumes should be exhausted outside the factory
ARTIFICIAL HUMIDIFICATION Water for this purpose must be pure OVER CROWDING No work room should be over crowded At least 350 cubic feet space for each worker according to Ordinance 1972 LIGHTING Sufficient and suitable lighting, natural or artificial or both required should be provided Emergency lighting at special working place Alternate measures should be taken to provide lighting
SPITTOONS Sufficient numbers of spittoons to be provided at convenient places Clean and hygienic conditions should be provided PRECAUTIONS AGAINST CONTAGIOUS OR INFECTIOUS DISEASES Factory Doctor ensure that no worker is suffering from infectious disease Factory owner should borne all the expenses for treatment of workers
VACCINATION AND INOCULATION Vaccination and inoculation against diseases should be provided to employees Expenses of vaccination should be borne to factory owner WELFARE OFFICER Manager shall employ welfare officer where more than 500 workers are working DRINKING WATER Pure drinking water should be provided at convenient places Cooling system for drinking water should be installed Provision of canteen Proper canteen should be provided by employer in factory
SAFETY OF WORKERS PRECAUTIONS AGAINST FIRE Every factory must provide exits for escape in case of fire Doors of factory shall not be locked during operations All the doors must be out wards Alarms must be ready to warn the workers in case of fire FENCING OF MACHIONERY All dangerous type of machines should be fenced to ensure the safety of workers Screw, nuts, bolts, shafts, spindle wheel should be securely fenced MACHIONERY OF MOTION Examination carried by male worker wearing tight fitting clothes EMPLOYMENT ON DANGEROUS MACHINE Child or adolescent should not be allowed to work at dangerous machinary
CUTTING OF POWER Suitable striking gear or other mechanical appliances use to move driving belts Proper maintenance of power cutting appliances SELF ACTING MACHINE Works should keep distance of 18 INCHES from self running machines CASING OF NEW MACHIONERY Screw, nuts, bolts, shafts, spindle wheel should be kept in proper casing o prevent danrour
COTTON OPENERS NO women child should be permitted to work in cotton pressing factory They should be allowed at delivery section CRANES AND LIFTING MACHIONERY All the parts of cranes and lifting machines should be properly maintained These must be examined once in 6 months at least REVOIVING MACHIONERY Maximum safety measures should to taking while operating revolving machinery
PRESSURE PLANT Safe working environment at high pressure plant Pressure should not exceed more than safe working environment FLOOR,STAIRS AND MEAN OF ACCESS All stairs, floors, roofs, passages should be sound construction Handrails should provided where needed PITS,SUMPS,OPENING IN FLOOR These things should be covered EXCESSIVE WEIGHT Worker should not allow to lift excessive load which cause injury