Presentation on theme: "Changing Markets in Rents. Background At the start of the 20 th Century, the majority of Scottish households rented a dwelling from a private landlord."— Presentation transcript:
Background At the start of the 20 th Century, the majority of Scottish households rented a dwelling from a private landlord. By 1970, most were tenants of the local authority. Today, the majority of Scottish households own their own home.
In 1914, private landlords owned an estimated 90 out of every 100 dwellings. Almost 20% of Scotland’s current urban housing stock and almost 33% of the current rural stock was built before 1919.
Between 1919 and 1939 Scottish councils built approximately 230,000 dwellings. In the 1920s this was directed at stock enhancement. By the 1930s the emphasis turned towards stock replacement through slum clearance programmes.
After the Second World War, public authorities built over 650,000 homes in 25 years – many were high rise flats and non- traditional buildings. This growth in the public sector led to the decline in the private rented sector.
By 1971 the private rented sector accounted for only 17% of households. By 1981 this had fallen to less than 10% Today is about 7.5%
In 1970, only just over 30% of Scots owned their own home. Significantly lower than the rest of Britain.
The Housing (Scotland) Act 1969 The Tolerable Standard is structurally stable is substantially free from rising or penetrating damp has an adequate supply of piped wholesome water has a water closet (WC) suitably located within the house for the exclusive use of the occupants has an effective system for the drainage and disposal of foul and surface water has satisfactory provision for the storage, preparation and cooking of food has satisfactory access to all external doors and outbuildings
1964 and 1974 Housing Acts led to the modern Housing Association Early emphasis on rehabilitation of pre 1919 tenements By 1980, 53 Housing Associations, all in Glasgow and Edinburgh 5,500 new homes for let built by 1980 Scottish Homes established in 1989
Right to Buy legislation introduced in 1981 Over 500,000 local authority homes have now been bought by sitting tenants in Scotland. Today, 9 councils seeking to ban or suspend the Right to Buy because of shortages.
Average L/A rents in 2007; £48.19 per week £2505.88 per annum Highest in Edinburgh, £58.11per week Lowest in Moray, £38.07 per week
1996 and 2002 House Condition Surveys 65.5% owner occupied 38% of all dwellings are flats 60% of these are tenements 66% built after World War 2 Only 10% employ a factor or management company
Period New Dwellings completed during period TotalPrivate sectorHousing associationsLocal authority 199722,55617,8724,507177 199820,38518,3351,911139 199924,38719,3954,91181 200023,06318,0744,89495 200123,36117,7875,50272 200223,99718,8265,12051 200323,74019,7483,93953 200424,56121,0783,483- 200524,93019,6995,231- 200624,58120,3714,2046
Rent registration Service – Fair (Registered rents) Total lets Private lets HousingAssociation Let s Number of cases Referre d rent Registered rent Number of cases Referre d rent Registere d rent Numbe r of cases Referred rent Registere d rent 20014,52946.7445.571,37547.7045.013,15446.3045.82 20024,58550.5348.611,25157.8752.343,33447.7847.21 20034,13449.8448.1799353.5148.423,14148.6848.09 20043,45851.9350.861,00857.3653.002,45049.6949.98 20053,02655.8752.9497164.5856.012,05551.7651.48 20063,16256.0754.1776065.5057.912,40253.0852.98
Solicitors property centres Dwellings to let Glasgow - 440 Edinburgh - 151 Aberdeen - 177