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Referensi : Fletcher, 2008 editor : hanaeliyani NERVE SYSTEM.

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Presentation on theme: "Referensi : Fletcher, 2008 editor : hanaeliyani NERVE SYSTEM."— Presentation transcript:

1 Referensi : Fletcher, 2008 editor : hanaeliyani NERVE SYSTEM

2 1. receive information from outside through synaps or receptor, 2. deliver impuls to the central nerve system, along the axon, 3. processing and interpret the information that receives than continue to give correct answer. hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair NERVE CELLS FUNCTION

3 STRUCTURE NEURON in vertebrata Neuron multipoler, specificity:  nerve cell body (=perikaryon) have dendrit > 1  Have tentacle : Axon (=Neurit) covers with myelin and have silang Ranvier. Badan sel Dendrit Ranvier hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

4 Neuron Picture Neuron Picture hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

5 neuron Axon Dendrit Badan sel hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

6  Nervus is a axon bundle which covers with supporting cells and isolated by conektive tissue  Radix is dorsal and ventral roots from CNS nerve, and this radix iscovered by meningens.  Ganglion is enlargement of the nerve cells as a result of perikaryon cells nerve make node (simpul).  Ganglion spinalis contain perikaryon unipoler, examples Radix dorsalis nn Spinalis  Ganglion otonom contain perikaryon multipoler which innervate viscera.  hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair Definition

7 NERVE SYSTEM DIVIDES INTO Central Nerve System (CNS) : brain and medulla spinalis Perifer Nerve System (PNS): 12 pairs nervus cranialis, in the brain and about 36 pairs nerve spinalis (depend on the amount of vertebrae) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

8 BRAIN = Encephalon Otak : embrional berasal dari bagian Ectoderm Meningen Duramater Arachnoid Piamater bRAIN : embrionally come from Ectoderm Brain covering layers

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12 CENTRAL NERVE SYSTEM (ENCEPHALON) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

13 N.opticus N.occulomotoriusN.trochlearis N.trigeminus N.abduscens N.facialis N.vestibulocohlearis N.glossopharynx N.Vagus N.hipoglossus N.Acessorius Bulbus olfactorius

14 Medulla spinalis & Nervi spinalis radix ventralis radix dorsalis Nervus spinalis hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

15 Pathway of axon impuls radix ventralis radix dorsalis axon sensorik afferent axon sensorik eferent kulit Otot & gld

16 hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair N. SPINALIS,ramus2&radix

17 Ramus doralis Ramus ventralis Ramus communicans Spinal ganglia Ramus meningeal Gld m.epaxial& cutaneus. Mm. Hypaxial & cutaneus Arteri&sensorik meninge al, viscera; trunkus simpatikus NERVE SPINALIS BRANCHS: 4 NERVE SPINALIS BRANCHS: 4 hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

18 Type of axon Gnrl somatic afferen kulit, otot,tendo dan sendi Gnrl visceral afferen (GVA) viscera Afferens sensorik, *axonnya gabung dg reseptor *perikaryon unipoler di spinal ganglia. somatic efferens inervasi Mm. Skeletal visceral efferens (VE) inervasi otot polos organ dan glandulae, Efferens *motorik, *Axon inervasi otot &gld, *perikaryon di med. spinalis hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

19 Autonomic Nerve System Autonomic Nerve System KHUSUS SSO VISCERAL EFFERENS, special: have 2 neuron multipoler perikaryon-I. in the CNS (BRAIN/MS). Perikaryon II IN ganglion otonom Periphere nerve system (organ/gld) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

20 asal med spin Thoracolumbar. Perikaryon di med. Spin axon lwt radix vent/ramus com ke ganglion simpatis sinaps jauh dari organ target aktiv p.w tubuh perlukan E simpatis asal cranial dr (otak) dan med. Spin. sacrale, Sinap dekat organ target aktiv p.w tubuh istirahat & kerja rutin organ visceral. parasimpatis SUSUNAN SYARAF OTONOM hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

21 Simpatis pathway to 6 regio (1) preganglionik pathway Location Sinaps Postganglionic pathway Head Rdx vent med spin, rms com, trnks simp cerv, trnks simp, ansa subklv (2) gngl cerv cran.(1) Plexus nervus u/: a. crtis com, gld.lacrim, gld saliva, m. dilat pupil Neck Rdx vent med spin, rms com, trnks simp gngl cerv- thor n. vertebralis, rami com, nn. Spin-rms dors/ventr, u/ : kulit dan otot di leher BODY WALL, extremit as and tail *** Rdx vent med spin, rms com, trnks simp gngl trnks simp ram com, nn. Spinalis- rms dors/ ventr, u/ kulit dan otot * * *. hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

22 SERI TRUNKUS SIMPATIKUS dg GANGLION hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

23 Glng. vertebralis Glng. Cervicalis cranialis Ganglion in head & neck (1) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

24 Trunkus simpatikus trunchus sympathicus (2) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

25 Ansa subclavia A/V Ansa subclavia Ansa subclavia (2) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

26 Simpatis pathway to 6 regio(2) Viscera Thoracal Rdx vent med spin, rms com, trnks simp Cervthor (Stellatum) & gngli cervi medial. (3) Nn. Cardiosimpatis, rms ansa subclavia (salah satu cabang berjalan dengan n. vagus), u/: cor,bronchi dan esofagus Viscera Abdom Rdi ventr med spin, rms com, trnks simp, Nn. Splnch gngl (kiri/kanan) celiac, mesent cran et caud, renalis dan gngl gonadal) Plex spnj aorta (4) Plexus untuk arteri abdominalis yang mensuplai setiap organ: ventriculus,intestinum,hepar, lien Viscera Pelvic Rdx vent, n. Spin, rms com, trnks simp, Nn. Lumbar Splanc, mesen caud. gngl mesen caud, gngl pelvi N hypogastr, plxs plvina,(5) cabang=cabang langsung ke visceral pelvis: vesica urinaria dan organ genitalia hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

27 Simpatis ganglion Cervicothoracis (3) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

28 1.Plexus celiacomessenterica 2.Plexus Splanchnicus major Simpatis plexus ke viscera(4) 1 2 hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

29 Plexus.Hypogastrica Plexus pelvinus Symphathetic plexus to pelvis (5) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

30 Plex pelvinus ke A/V Plex pelvinus sacralis Symphatis plexus to pelvis (5) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

31 Parasimpatis pathways (1) Syaraf yang diikuti Lokasi ganglionDampak kerja N.occul (III)gngl ciliare (6) m.spinchter pupilae N facialis (VII) gngl pterygopalat (7) gngl lingual Gld. Lacrimalis Gld. Sublingual N. glossphar (IX) gngl oticum (8)Gld. Parotis N. VagusPlxs syaraf (9) (pregngl & sinaps rapat ke organ yang diinervasi, axon postgangl capai submcs Aorta, pulmo,cor intestin, pankrs, hepar, ren, hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

32 NERVI cranialis Pathway hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

33 TRUNCUS PS NERVI. VII; GANGLION CILLLIARIS N. occulo/III pathway: gangl cilliaris (6) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

34 TRUNCUS PS NERVI. VII,CILLIARIGANG N. Facial pathway: gangl pterygopal (7) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

35 Ganglion N.VII

36 ganglion oticus N. Glspha pathway (8) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

37 Ganglion N.IX hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

38 PS. Thorac: N.Vagus kiri Truncus dorsalis N.Vagus PS N.Vagus kanan N. Vagus Pathway (8) N. Vagus Pathway (8) hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

39 Ganglion N.X hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

40 Parasymphatic pathway (2) Medulla spinalis pars sacralis Jalur Preganglionik di med spin pars sacralis (Plexus pelvis), dari rdx ventr, rms ventr, plxs sacralis, n. pelvina) Sinaps di gngl pelvis (a/di organ yg diinerv) Jalur post gngl, asal ramus dari plexus pelvinus langsung ke organ di cavum pelvis. Organ genitalis, Rectum & Ves urina hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

41 Table Autonomic nerve according to their distribution and function SIMPATISPARASIMPATIS DistribusiSlrh tubuhVisceral di cavum tubuh, kepala Preganglionik Med spin pars thoracolumbaris Medulla spinalis pars sacralis dan batang otak Postganglionic /Transmitter Adrenergik /Nor epi Kholinergik /ACTH Peran Misal: p.w. fighting/ fly Operasional rutin organ visceral hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair

42 CNS Neuron influence to the Organ IrisDilatationConstriction Corincreaseheartbeatdecrease heartbeat BronchiDilatationConstriction GIT /empeduBlock peristalticIncrease peristaltic Spincter GIT /empedu ContractionRelaxation Vessels under the skin Contriction Not influence Vessels muscleDilatasiNot influence Sweat glandSekresiNot influence Organ genetaliaEjakulasi penisErection of the penis Heparrelease glucose gaster/ pancreas decrease secretion Increase the secretion hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair Symphatisparasymphatis

43 Learn and learn! ussually I am Lazy & crazy hanaeliyanianatomiveterinerfkhunair


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