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What is Literary Analysis?. It is analysis. It is analysis. It is about literature. It is about literature. It is an exploration of a piece of literature.

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Presentation on theme: "What is Literary Analysis?. It is analysis. It is analysis. It is about literature. It is about literature. It is an exploration of a piece of literature."— Presentation transcript:

1 What is Literary Analysis?

2 It is analysis. It is analysis. It is about literature. It is about literature. It is an exploration of a piece of literature for a specific purpose. It is an exploration of a piece of literature for a specific purpose. Sometimes it involves REASERCH of secondary sources. Sometimes it involves REASERCH of secondary sources.

3 What do I do? Read a particular piece of literature, like a short story, novella, novel, poem, or play. Read a particular piece of literature, like a short story, novella, novel, poem, or play. Look at one or more specified literary devices – elements of literature Look at one or more specified literary devices – elements of literature –Plot –Character –Theme –Symbolism –Conflict

4 You may also consider… Figurative language Figurative language Irony Irony Setting Setting Historical connections Historical connections Societal connections Societal connections Point of view Point of view Personal connections Personal connections others others

5 What if I need help? There are variety of handbooks written to help with literary analysis. There are variety of handbooks written to help with literary analysis. The internet can be a good source for viewing the literary analysis of others and for guides to literary analysis The internet can be a good source for viewing the literary analysis of others and for guides to literary analysis And of course, you can always ask a teacher or librarian. And of course, you can always ask a teacher or librarian.

6 What is an Analysis? An analysis of a literary work may discuss An analysis of a literary work may discuss –Some element of a single piece of literature, such as: THEME, Characterization, Setting, point of view –Two different pieces of literature, comparing and contrasting, or looking at some particular element (as above) –The literary pieces connection or comparison to some aspect of your world – social, political, economical, etc.

7 How do I define my PURPOSE? Your purpose may be chosen for you (like discuss one THEME of a piece, or compare the storys protagonist to someone in history, etc.) Your purpose may be chosen for you (like discuss one THEME of a piece, or compare the storys protagonist to someone in history, etc.) You will identify this Purpose in your introductory paragraph in the THESIS Statement. You will identify this Purpose in your introductory paragraph in the THESIS Statement. AND then you will support or defend your purpose in your body paragraphs. AND then you will support or defend your purpose in your body paragraphs.

8 Which is the best Thesis (purpose) Statement? One theme of The Old Man and the Sea is personal struggle. One theme of The Old Man and the Sea is personal struggle. The Old Man and the Sea is about an old man and a fish. The Old Man and the Sea is about an old man and a fish. In The Old Man and the Sea, the theme of personal struggle is demonstrated through the character of Santiago and his unyielding desire to bring the marlin home. In The Old Man and the Sea, the theme of personal struggle is demonstrated through the character of Santiago and his unyielding desire to bring the marlin home.

9 How do I support my thesis statement? Examples from the text: Examples from the text: –Direct quotations (word for word statements from the text) –Summaries of scenes (brief summaries of specific scenes) –Paraphrase (putting what the author says into your own words – effective with longer passages)

10 In some cases Secondary Sources are required and include: Other critics opinions Other critics opinions Historical and social context Historical and social context As you research Secondary Sources, it is important to read carefully and highlight useful passages and quotes. As you research Secondary Sources, it is important to read carefully and highlight useful passages and quotes. NOTE: A writing assignment will specify the need for secondary sources. NOTE: A writing assignment will specify the need for secondary sources.

11 What is a secondary source? A book or article that discusses the specific text or texts you are exploring A book or article that discusses the specific text or texts you are exploring A book are article which discusses the element or purpose you are exploring A book are article which discusses the element or purpose you are exploring A book or article that discusses the social and historical context of the text you are exploring A book or article that discusses the social and historical context of the text you are exploring

12 How and where do I find secondary sources? Your local or school library Your local or school library –Reference books of Literary Criticisms –Data bases of Literary Criticisms –Literary periodicals Online search engines Online search engines A bibliography that is part of your text A bibliography that is part of your text Ask a teacher or librarian Ask a teacher or librarian

13 Incorporating QUOTES into your paper. When you use primary or secondary sources, be sure to explain how they relate to your thesis When you use primary or secondary sources, be sure to explain how they relate to your thesis Dont simply stick a quote into your essay – incorporate it with your own words. Dont simply stick a quote into your essay – incorporate it with your own words. Remember that this is your paper, your analysisthe primary and or secondary sources are just helping you support your thesis. Remember that this is your paper, your analysisthe primary and or secondary sources are just helping you support your thesis. Never, never, never plagiarize – take the words or ideas of another and use them as your own. Never, never, never plagiarize – take the words or ideas of another and use them as your own. You MUST credit your sources. You MUST credit your sources.

14 Internal Documentation: Primary Source Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE. Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE. –Santiago struggled for hours, the sun burning his scalp and parching his lips (Hemingway 89). Direct quote primary source. –The old man fought day after day, his lips parched and his hands worn and bleeding (Hemingway 91). Indirect quote primary source.

15 Secondary Sources Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE. Whether you use direct (word for word quotes) or indirect quotes (paraphrasing), you must give credit to the SOURCE. –In his literary article about The Old Man and the Sea, John Doe state, Santiago is the typical tragic hero (68). Direct quote. –Santiago is the typical tragic hero, and he is clearly destined to fail (Doe 68). Direct quote. –According to John Doe, Santiago is a tragic hero (68). Indirect quote.

16 In Conclusion: Literary Analysis is an exploration of one or more pieces of literature for a specific purpose. Literary Analysis is an exploration of one or more pieces of literature for a specific purpose. Includes PRIMARY Source support. Includes PRIMARY Source support. Can include SECONDARY Source support. Can include SECONDARY Source support. Back


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