2Patch Design Creative display STS-103 -Hubble Space Telescope RepairCreative displayReflects the dedication and mission of the teamHas a :Symbolic PictureTeam’s nameSECME Theme for YearSTS Flight to International Space StationApollo 11 - Land on the surface of the MoonSTS = Space Transportation System
3What is a Water Rocket?A water rocket is a chamber (2-liter plastic soda bottle) partially filled with water.Air is forced inside with a pump.When the rocket is released, the pressurized air forces water out of the nozzle (pour spout) and the rocket launches into the air.
4Water Rockets- Questions to Think About Do I have to use water? Why can’t I just use pressurized air?How can I modify the design of the rocket to increase the duration of the flight?How will wind affect the rocket after it is launched?
5Propulsion-Thrust Propulsion – a force that pushes or drives forward Thrust - the forward force produced by the gases forced from a rocketLaunch=thrust greater than weight (thrust will make the object accelerate upwards)For every action there is an equal and opposite reaction (Newton’s Third Law of Motion)Can you now think of why expelling water might be better than expelling just air?Water is heavier than air because it is DENSER. This means that more water molecules are packed into a given volume.
6Stability & the Nose Cone Key Point: Stability increases as the distance between the Centre of Mass and the Centre of Pressure increasesNose cone adds weight to the top of the rocketThe Centre of Mass of an object is the point at which all of the mass of an object can be thought to be concentratedCenter of Gravity (Centre of Mass) balance point, moves forwardThe first point that meets the air is the nose cone at the front end of the rocket.If the speed of a rocket is less than the speed of sound (1200 km/h in air at sea level), the best shape of a nose cone is a rounded curve.Nose cone reduces drag
7Stability & the Fins Fins Fins add stability Fins helps control directionCounteracts sideways motion of the rocketAir flows smoothly past them if the rocket is traveling along its axisIf there is sideways motion, then the air striking the fins pushes the rocket back towards straight motionPlacing fins at the tail end of a rocket (behind Centre of Gravity) moves the centre of pressure closer towards the tail end and increases stability. However, this also increases drag, so there is an optimal size for fins so that the rocket has enough stability without having too much drag.Stiff fins are best-flexibility decreases effectivenessRecommendation: 4 fins, equidistance apart
8Materials 2, 2-Liter Plastic Soda Bottles Newspaper or other material (Ballast)Foam Tray or other material (Fins)Cardstock Paper (Nose Cone)1.5 inch Styrofoam Ball or other material (Nose Cone)Clear Packing Tape, Glue (adhesives)ScissorsMarkerRules
9Parts of the Water Rocket Nose Cone – for aerodynamic effect/shape can help to reduce dragBallast – adds mass to rocket to increase stability (*stability is the single most important factor in rocket design-helps rocket go higher)Fins – for aerodynamic effect/shape can increase stabilityPressure Vessel – source of rocket propulsion