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P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? When you buy a bicycle helmet, make sure it fits you well. The foam pads should touch your head all around, and the.

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Presentation on theme: "P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? When you buy a bicycle helmet, make sure it fits you well. The foam pads should touch your head all around, and the."— Presentation transcript:

1 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? When you buy a bicycle helmet, make sure it fits you well. The foam pads should touch your head all around, and the helmet should sit level. Tighten the straps so that they are snug but comfortable. You must not be able to pull the helmet off, no matter how hard you try. Inform

2 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? Wherever and whenever you ride your bicycle, you should wear a helmet. You may not know it, but statistics show that a bike rider can expect to crash at least once for every 4,500 miles of riding. Each year, more than 600 people die in bicycle crashes, mostly from head injuries. Your bicycle helmet can protect you. Don’t go biking without it! Persuade

3 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? A writer describes a movie in glowing terms— exciting story, great acting, terrific special effects. He ends his article with the line, “Don’t miss it!” Persuade

4 F IRST P ERSON OR T HIRD P ERSON ? “A storm is coming,” said Cassie. “We’d better pack up and get off the beach.” Dark clouds were forming, and the wind was getting stronger. Cassie, Tina and Jake quickly folded the towels, while Deena used her cell phone to call her dad. When Mr. Jackson heard the phone ring, he was already about to leave to pick up the kids at the lake. Third person

5 A UTHOR ’ S P URPOSE AND P OINT OF V IEW English II Mrs. McLeod

6 A UTHOR ' S P URPOSE : To Persuade To Inform To Entertain

7 P OINT OF V IEW Position from which a writer addresses a topic, to include beliefs, assumptions, and biases. First Person : “I” Reader knows only what narrator tells them Builds a relationship between reader and storyteller Third Person: “He,” “She,” “They” Told by someone outside the action Narrator can describe thoughts and action of all characters Omnicient—narrator knows all Limited—narrator knows about as much as reader

8 W HAT TYPES OF WRITINGS ARE MEANT TO … Inform Persuade Entertain

9 I DENTIFYING A UTHOR ’ S P URPOSE AND P OINT OF V IEW Type of WritingAuthor’s PurposePoint of View Nonfiction News articles Textbooks Biographies Documentaries Technical Manuals Charts, graphs, tables To inform, explain, give directions, illustrate, or present information The author’s point of view is typically neutral. Persuasive Pieces Editorials Ads/Commercials Campaign speeches Bumper stickers Billboards Some charts and graphs To persuade by expressing an opinion to convince readers to think/feel/act a certain way. Clearly reflects the author’s attitude about a subject. Sometimes opinion is directly stated and other times implied. The author may try to convince readers by using tone to appeal to their feelings and/or values. Fiction Short story Poetry Novels Drama To illustrate a theme, event, or story that conveys a mood. Usually written to entertain. The author may use characters or narrators to express attitudes in the story. Tone might be light- hearted, sad, etc.

10 P ERSUASIVE VS. I NFORMATIVE T EXTS Does the author/narrator want the reader to believe something, feel a certain way, agree or disagree, or do something? Are persuasive words such as “should,” “be sure to,” “try” used repeatedly?

11 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? The Iroquois Confederacy was formed by the Iroquois Indians in the Eastern Woodlands. The Confederacy was originally made up of 5 members: Onondagas, Senecas, Cayugas, Oneidas, and Mohawk. Inform

12 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ?

13 Game night at our house was hilarious when we played Cranium with two teams of three. Imagine Abram, the savvy surfer, doing an impression of Marilyn Monroe singing "Happy Birthday." Or Dave, the macho bodybuilder, swinging his hips and singing a medley of Madonna's songs. But the most memorable was George's Cranium Doodle hint for the architectural term "flying buttress." It was, well, side-splittingly outrageous! Entertain

14 F IRST P ERSON OR T HIRD P ERSON ? Wolf took the stand today in his own defense. This shocked and stunned the media who predicted that he would not testify in the brutal double murder trial. A. Wolf is accused of killing (and eating) The First Little Pig, and The Second Little Pig. This criminal trial is expected to be followed by a civil trial to be brought by the surviving Third Little Pig. The case has been characterized as a media circus. Third Person

15 F IRST P ERSON OR T HIRD P ERSON ? "Everybody knows the story of the Three Little Pigs. Or at least they think they do. But I'll let you in on a little secret. Nobody knows the real story, because nobody has ever heard my side of the story. I'm Alexander T. Wolf. You can call me Al. I don't know how this whole Big Bad Wolf thing got started, but it's all wrong. Maybe it's because of our diet. Hey, it's not my fault wolves eat cute little animals like bunnies and sheep and pigs. That's just the way we are.” First Person

16 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? Do you want to add years to your life and feel better too? Here are a few tips. First, to decrease your chances of a heart attack, eat a handful of nuts each day. Also, to ease the effects of rheumatoid arthritis, be sure to include some citrus, such as orange juice, in your diet. Finally, exercise on a regular basis. Include weight- bearing activities such as walking and jogging. Also, try yoga for flexibility and stress relief. Persuade

17 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? College couples have been the subjects of much research, and one thing is clear: the major reason for relationship breakups is boredom. The timing of the breakup also seems consistent with most findings. Couples tend to dissolve relationships during vacations and holidays. Who initiates the breakup is also interesting. Often it is the woman, who tends to notice first when the man is less attentive. But if the woman breaks up first, there is usually no "Can we still be friends?" situations because the man strongly feels the rejection. However, if the man initiates the breakup, there is a better chance the two will still stay in touch. Inform

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19 If teachers would learn to recognize students' learning styles, they could tailor their teaching strategies to accommodate those in their classes. Although most people in the Western culture are visual, most lectures are geared toward the auditory learner. A good teacher should take note and provide pictures, graphs, and diagrams to enhance the lecture. Also, although some people actively process information well in groups, reflective learners need time to ponder new material. Instructors should provide collaborative opportunities from time to time and also recognize that some students need guidance and encouragement when working in groups. Persuade

20 P ERSUADE, I NFORM OR E NTERTAIN ? Alonzo winked at his mother's shocked gaze and with a grin quipped, "Sausage and pepperoni pizza for breakfast makes perfect sense. Allow me to demonstrate. You have your tomato. Tomato is technically a fruit. You have your cheese. Cheese is a dairy product. You have your crust—necessary carbs for quick energy in the morning. And don't forget the sausage and pepperoni—my protein. If you think about it, it's just like bacon and eggs, toast, and orange juice." Still grinning, he added, "Really it is. Well, almost. Why are you looking at me that way?” Entertain

21 A UTHOR ’ S P URPOSE /P OINT OF V IEW E XERCISE Reread your answers on your worksheets and make any necessary changes—these will be handed in and graded Group exercise: “Riding the School Bus”


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