3Vanity – hebel (Hebrew) Old Testament usage:IdolsBrevity of human lifePointlessness of living a pure lifeMultiple applicationsWorthlessnessA concept with many nuances
4Vanity Manifested 1:3-11 – The vanity of working but getting nowhere Eccl. 1:8 All things are full of labor; man cannot express it. The eye is not satisfied with seeing, nor the ear filled with hearing.
5Vanity Manifested1:12-2:11 – The vanity of advancing but not obtainingWisdomFun and frolicProjects and possessionsEntertainment
6Vanity Manifested1:12-2:11 – The vanity of advancing but not obtainingEccl. 2:11 Then I looked on all the works that my hands had done and on the labor in which I had toiled; and indeed all was vanity and grasping for the wind. There was no profit under the sun.
7Vanity Manifested 2:18-23 – The vanity of losing by gaining Eccl. 2: 18 Then I hated all my labor in which I had toiled under the sun, because I must leave it to the man who will come after me.19 And who knows whether he will be wise or a fool?…
8The lot of the rich, poor, wise, fool, righteous, wicked Vanity ManifestedVanity was everywhere he looked:Power for the oppressors, no comfort for the oppressedEvil for the just, reward for the wickedTime and chance happens to allThe lot of the rich, poor, wise, fool, righteous, wicked
9Eccl. 5:16 And this also is a severe evil-- just exactly as he came, so shall he go. And what profit has he who has labored for the wind?17 All his days he also eats in darkness, and he has much sorrow and sickness and anger.
11“Vanity” is what Koheleth saw, “under the sun” is where he saw it Interpreting the MessageThe key to understanding the message that “all is vanity” is to view it in light of the setting in which the observations are made… “life under the sun”.“Vanity” is what Koheleth saw, “under the sun” is where he saw it1:3, 9, 142:11, 17, 203:16
12Interpreting the Message His observations about vanity are limited to life on earth.A totally secular viewpoint.Most of his observations are about life without heaven’s insights or foresight.
13Life on earth, under the sun… An absurd, meaningless venture, which, in spite of hard work, in spite of prudence, in spite of discipline, in spite of talent and skill, leaves us with nothing.
14The Point of the Message Eccl. 3:11 He has made everything beautiful in its time. Also He has put eternity in their hearts, except that no one can find out the work that God does from beginning to end.The book is a latent apologetic
15Islands of Faith and Hope 3:11, 14-175:1-28:12-1312:13-14
16Islands of Faith and Hope He painfully sees what is happening “under the sun”, but He knows God is above it all.The book is layered, not contradictory.Ground (dirt) level > VanityBedrock > GOD!Darkness with brief flashes of light
17The point of life is to trust in God with hope that our life will have meaning though everything about our earthly, physical experience tells us that it’s all in vain.
18Koheleth and the Messiah Isaiah 49:3 "And He said to me, 'You are My servant, O Israel, in whom I will be glorified.'4 Then I said, 'I have labored in vain, I have spent my strength for nothing and in vain; yet surely my just reward is with the LORD, and my work with my God.'"
19Koheleth and the Messiah Luke 24:2121 "But we were hoping that it was He who was going to redeem Israel. Indeed, besides all this, today is the third day since these things happened.
20Koheleth and the Messiah Christ showed that though an earthly existence may seem to be futile, it doesn’t have to be.He paved the way to victory over vanity.
21Koheleth and the Apostle Romans 8:18-23II Corinthians 4:16-18I Corinthians 15:50-5858 Therefore, my beloved brethren, be steadfast, immovable, always abounding in the work of the Lord, knowing that your labor is not in vain in the Lord.Philippians 2:15-16
22People have never been more empty on the inside. Eccl. 2:10 Whatever my eyes desired I did not keep from them. I did not withhold my heart from any pleasure, …People have never been more empty on the inside.Ecclesiastes has never been more relevant.