2 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings What is a political party?Organization of people who share similar ideas about the way the country should be governed
3 Political Party Systems 3 Political Party Systems in the World1.) One Party System: Political party and the government are the SAMEOnly 1 party, so no competing ideasParty membership based on lineage, wealth, military power, religious powerExample: China (Communist Party)
4 Political Party Systems 2.) Multi-Party System: Three or more parties compete for control of the governmentCommon in Europe, Israel, JapanAdvantage: provides voters with many different choices and ideasDisadvantage: difficult for one party to get majority of votes, which leads to a Coalition:EXAMPLE – Italy (50 different govts. since WWII)Daisy Alliance Sunflower Alliance Italian Communist500,000 votes ,000 votes ,000 votesCoalition
5 Political Party Systems 3. Two-Party System: Two parties compete with each other to run the government.Party system of U.S.: Democrats and RepublicansAdvantages: ContinuityDisadvantages: Minority parties (third parties) receive little attention – focus is on two main parties
6 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings George Washington against political parties“parties serve their own interests”“parties not beneficial to American people”Parties formed after his exit:Democratic-Republicans2. Federalists
7 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings RepublicansSupported states rightsSupported economy based on agriculturePower in hands of all peopleMore power to the StatesPro-FrenchStrict interpretation of ConstitutionLed by Thomas JeffersonNot the same “Republican Party” we have today
8 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings FederalistsSupported strong national govt.Supported economy based on industryPower in hands of wealthy and educatedPro-BritishLoose interpretation of ConstitutionLed by Alexander Hamilton
9 U.S. Political Parties: Beginnings Federalists BreakupFederalists gradually disappear – no political momentumJohn Adams only party member to be elected PresidentSupporters formed new party: Whig Party ( )
10 Washington’s Farewell Address Concerned about preserving national unityWarned that passionate loyalty to political parties can tear the nation apartAlso warned against getting involved in European politics.
11 Are you a Federalist or Republican? Congress wants to build a canal to make it easier and more efficient to travel on rivers. This will benefit merchants who ship their products on rivers. In order to build the canals, they have to increase taxes for everyone. How would you vote?Vote FOR the canal and taxesVote AGAINST the canal and taxes
12 Are you a Federalist or a Republican? Congress wants to create a national bank to loan money to businesspeople to build factories and ships. The bank will not loan money to farmers to buy land. How would you vote?Vote FOR the bank and the rules for loansVote AGAINST the band and the rules for loans
13 Are you a Federalist or a Republican? A violent outbreak occurs because farmers don’t want to pay the increased tax for the canal you approved. Should you use the state militia to put down the rebellion?Vote FOR the use of the militiaVote AGAINST the use of the militia
14 As for the question on the Canal… If you voted FOR, you would’ve been a:FEDERALISTFederalists wanted to spend taxes on building roads, canals that would benefit the manufacturing business.If you voted AGAINST, you would’ve been a:REPUBLICANRepublicans thought the federal government spending should be limited.
15 As for the question on the Creation of a National Bank… If you voted FOR, you would’ve been a:FEDERALISTFederalists wanted to spend taxes on a central bank so the national economy could be managed by the federal governmentIf you voted AGAINST, you would’ve been a:REPUBLICANRepublicans thought the states should spend their money as they saw fit, whether that be a focus on agriculture or industry…let the states decide.
16 As for the question on the Militia… If you voted FOR, you would’ve been a:FEDERALISTFederalists thought the federal government should be responsible for administering order.If you voted AGAINST, you would’ve been a:REPUBLICANRepublicans thought a standing army, or a Federal Army, infringed on their individual liberties.