Presentation on theme: "Introduction to the EEA its work on biodiversity indicators and links to policy Sophie Condé, MNHN, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity Ben Delbaere."— Presentation transcript:
Introduction to the EEA its work on biodiversity indicators and links to policy Sophie Condé, MNHN, European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity Ben Delbaere ECNC, on behalf of European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity
Table of Contents 1.Institutional context 2.Common language on indicators 3.EEA activities on indicators 4.Links to policy needs
Table of Contents 1. Institutional context
What is EEA? The European Environment Agency (EEA) is an agency of the European Union. provide sound, independent information on the environment. major information source for those involved in developing, adopting, implementing and evaluating environmental policy, and also the general public European Topic Centre on Biological Diversity: 9 partners including MNHN and ECNC
Thank you for your attention What is EIONET? European Environment Information and Observation Network
EIONET West Balkans activities Extension of the main EEA topic areas to the West Balkan countries funded by Instrument for Pre-Accession (IPA) 1.CSI Core Set of Indicators 2.SOE State and outlook reporting 3.Sustainable consumption, production And Waste 4.Biodiversity 5.Inland, Coastal & Marine waters 6.Air emissions and air quality 7.Spatial Information and Analysis
Table of Contents 2. Common language on indicators
What is an indicator? (1) Several definitions according to the context, the needs and the goals Biological indicator/evaluative indicator: presence of a species that reacts sensitively to changes in environmental conditions (Heink et al, 2010) plants and soil Information based on measured data used to represent a particular attribute, characteristic, or property of a system (MA, 2005a) oxygen in freshwater A variable that describes the state of a system (Walz, 2000)
What is an indicator? (2) Several definitions according to the context, the needs and the goals An indicator in ecology and environmental planning is a component or a measure of environmentally relevant phenomena used to depict or evaluate environmental conditions or changes or to set/assess environmental goals. Environmentally relevant phenomena are pressures, states, and responses. OECD (2003) Scientific indicator versus Policy Indicator
What is needed for a policy indicator? 1.Simplification 2.Quantification 3.Standardisation an indicator ‘d summarize complex, (disparate) sets of data an indicator ‘d be based on comparable scientific observations or statistical measures an indicator ‘d related on time-series data 4.Communication: an indicator ‘d provide a clear message Four basic functions:
Criteria for selection of biodiversity indicators 1.Policy relevant and meaningful 2.Biodiversity relevant 3.Target relevant 4.Well founded methodology: clear, well defined, simple 5.Acceptance by stakeholders 6.Routinely collected data: regular collected, clearly defined and scientifically acceptable data 7.Cause-effect relationship: in order to link pressures, state and responses 8.Good spatial coverage according to the studied area 9.Temporal trend 10.Sensitivity towards change 11.Representative of the DPSIR model 12.Small in number 13.Aggregation & flexibility: ‘d be facilitated on a range of scales
Table of Contents 3. EEA activities on indicators
EEA Core Set of Indicators Started in 2000’s and aimed to provide a manageable and stable basis for indicator reporting by the EEA on the web and in its indicators-based reports prioritise improvements in the quality and geographical coverage of data flows, especially priority data flows of the European environment information and observation network (Eionet) streamline EEA/Eionet contributions to other European and global indicator initiatives, e.g. structural indicators and sustainable development indicators. In 2004, the EEA Management Board approved the Core Set of Indicators, a set of 37 environmental indicators with 3 biodiversity indicators. In 2005, the Indicator Management System tool was launched to manage and put online a first version of the CSI.
EEA Core Set of Indicators: on-going revision
SEBI - Streamlining European Biodiversity Indicators Initiated in 2005 to select a set of indicators to monitor progress towards halting biodiversity loss by 2010 in Europe Partnership between: EEA & ETC/BD, EC, UNEP-WCMC, PEBLDS and Czech Republic SEBI built on the conceptual framework provided by the CBD, and worked with a set of headline indicators within the CBD focal areas Involvement of nearly 150 experts allowed to develop a set of 26 indicators
26 specific indicators STATUS AND TRENDS OF COMPONENTS OF BIODIVERSITY 1. Abundance and distribution of selected species 2. Red List Index for European species 3. Species of European interest 4. Ecosystem coverage 5. Habitats of European interest 6. Livestock genetic diversity 7. Nationally designated protected areas 8. Sites designated under the EU Habitats and Birds Directives SUSTAINABLE USE 17. Forest: Growing stock, increment and fellings 18. Forest: Deadwood 19. Agriculture: Nitrogen balance 20. Agriculture: Area under management practices potentially supporting biodiversity 21. Fisheries: European commercial fish stocks 22. Aquaculture: Effluent water quality from finfish farms 23. Ecological Footprint of European countries THREATS TO BIODIVERSITY 9. Critical load exceedance for nitrogen 10. Invasive alien species in Europe 11. Impact of climatic change on bird populations CROSS-CUTTING 24. Patent applications based on genetic resources 25. Financing biodiversity management 26. Public awareness ECOSYSTEM INTEGRITY, GOODS AND SERVICES 12. Marine Trophic Index of European seas 13. Fragmentation of natural and semi-natural areas 14. Fragmentation of river systems 15. Nutrients in transitional, coastal and marine waters 16. Freshwater quality
Representation of countries in the SEBI set
SEBI indicators publicly available online on EEA IMS (Indicator Management System)
2010 Assessments based on SEBI indicator set
SEBI support to EU policy Input to monitor progress of the 6 th Environmental Action Programme Input into the 2010 assessment of Biodiversity Action Plan Supported heavily the EU 2010 Baseline …
Assessment of role of SEBI in developing the national biodiversity indicator sets Questionnaire sent in May countries answered Questionnaire on the SEBI process, not on particular issues related to e.g. the indicator methodology
SEBI 2012 report 2 main purposes: summarise and document the achievements of the SEBI process related to measuring progress towards the 2010 target show strengths of both the process and the indicator set to underpin measurement of the 2020 targets as well as the challenges of making the proposed indicators a high quality, operational set.
Key strengths of SEBI mobilising existing data and expertise developing a stakeholder process to identify policy-relevant biodiversity indicators links to and anchoring in national, EU, pan ‑ European and global processes streamlining the process of biodiversity indicator development and reporting at several levels – reducing the burden of reporting requirements links to expert networks in Europe.
4. Links to policy needs
At global level: CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity 20 Aichi Biodiversity Targets under 5 Strategic Goals 5 th national reports, due by 31 March 2014, should focus on the implementation of the Strategic Plan and progress achieved towards the Aichi Biodiversity Targets. CBD Strategic Plan for Biodiversity
A new 2020 Pan European Strategy adopted in Pan European Strategy
EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020 HEADLINE TARGET: halting the loss of biodiversity and the degradation of ecosystem services in the EU by 2020, and restoring them in so far as feasible, while stepping up the EU contribution to averting global biodiversity loss; Council Conclusions March 2010 Targets 1.Conserving and restoring nature 2.Maintaining and enhancing ecosystems and their services 3.Ensuring the sustainability of agriculture and forestry 4.Ensuring the sustainability of fisheries 5.Combating invasive alien species 6.Addressing the global biodiversity crisis
‘The Commission will work with Member States and the European Environment Agency to develop by 2012 an integrated (coherent) framework for monitoring, assessing and reporting on progress in implementing the strategy.’ ‘The EU 2010 biodiversity baseline and the updated EU biodiversity indicators will be key components of this framework…..’ EU Biodiversity Strategy for 2020
SEBI for 2020 targets Mapping SEBI indicators to new global and EU targets: an exhaustive analysis of the alignment of the current SEBI indicator set with the 2020 biodiversity targets, complemented by indicators from other relevant sets Further development of SEBI set for monitoring of implementation of the strategy to 2020 guided also by EEA indicator review
Measurement of progress towards 2020 targets All SEBI indicators can be used to measure progress against the 6 new EU targets and the 20 Aichi targets Gaps have also been identified – which will need to be further considered by thematic experts
EEA work on indicators continues EEA indicator review and updating Update of the EU 2010 baseline report Support to the EU 5 th CBD report mid SOER report
More information, or comments? SEBI: Project SEBI in West Balkan: Thank you!