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KLASIFIKASI BAHAN PAKAN TERNAK BMT HIJAUAN KONSENTRAT VITAMIN MINERAL ADDITIVE ENERGI PROTEIN SUCCULENT DRY.

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Presentation on theme: "KLASIFIKASI BAHAN PAKAN TERNAK BMT HIJAUAN KONSENTRAT VITAMIN MINERAL ADDITIVE ENERGI PROTEIN SUCCULENT DRY."— Presentation transcript:

1 KLASIFIKASI BAHAN PAKAN TERNAK BMT HIJAUAN KONSENTRAT VITAMIN MINERAL ADDITIVE ENERGI PROTEIN SUCCULENT DRY

2 BMT SUMBER ENERGI 1.GRAIN / BUTIRAN 1.JAGUNG 2.SORGHUM 3.WHEAT 4.BARLEY, dll 2. AGRICULTURAL BY-PRODUCT 1.BEKATUL 2.RICE POLLARD 3.WHEAT POLLARD 4.DEDAK, dll 3. ROOT / TUBER 1.KETELA 2.TARO 3.UBI, dll 4. OIL 1.MINYAK 2.LEMAK, dll

3 WHEAT GRAIN FRACTION ENDOSPERM SEED COATING GERM TABLE FLOUR FEED FLOUR BRAN ALEURONE BRAN POLLARD MILLRUN

4 WHEAT GRAIN : 1.BRAN 1.VITAMIN 2.PROTEIN 2.GERM 1.LEMAK 2.VITAMIN LARUT DLM LEMAK 3.MINERAL 3.ENDOSPERM 1.PATI 2.GLUTEN PROTEIN ENDOSPERM : - ALBUMEN10%HIGH LYS, ARG, HIS - GLOBULIN10% - GLIADIN40%LOW LYS, TRYP - GLUTELIN40%

5 PART OF GRAIN PROPORTION OF GRAIN, % THIAMIN µg/g % PERICARP & ALEURON 5.9531.0 32.5 COVERING TO GERM 0.2012.0 EPIBLAST 0.2778.03.9 COLEORHIZA 0.2094.03.5 PLUMULE 0.3146.02.7 RADICLE 0.1762.02.0 SCUTELUM 1.25189.043.9 OUTER ENDOSPERM 18.801.38.8 INNER ENDOSPERM 73.100.3 FRAKSI BIJI dan KANDUNGAN THIAMIN

6 SUGAR DEXTRINS AVAILABLE CH STARCHES PECTINS TOTAL CH GUMS HEMICELLULOSES UNAVAILABLE CH or CELLULOSE DIETARY FIBRE CF LIGNIN DIETARY CARBOHYDRATE FRACTION

7 1. JAGUNG - 7-12% CP AS FED, 9-13% AS DM - 3370 kcal/kg - CRYPTOZANTHIN - FAT: HIGHLY UNSATURATED - INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION 2. SORGHUM - 6-16% CP AS FED, 7 -18% AS DM - 3300 kcal/kg - TANNIN - TOLERATE: BROILER 0.1%, LAYER 1% - INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION FOR LOW TANNIN SORGHUM

8 3. ROUGH RICE - 6.8% CP - 2900 kcal/kg - HULL 25%: 40% CF, 11-19% SILICA - SUBSITUTE 50% OF THE GRAIN - LIMITATION: VERY YOUNG STOCK 4. WHEAT - 9.8-18.5% CP AS FED; 11-21% CP AS DM - 2980-3180 kcal/kg - FOR BEST RESULT SHOULD BE COARSELY GROUND - NO LIMITATION

9 5. BROWN RICE and RICE POLISHED - BROWN RICE 8.5% CP; 2860 kcal/kg ME - RICE POLISHED 7.3% CP; 3100 kcal/kg ME - NO LIMITATION TO POULTRY - TOLERATE: BROILER 0.1%, LAYER 1% - INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION FOR LOW TANNIN SORGHUM 6. RICE POLLARD - HULL, GERM, BRAN, POLISHING - 8.7%-13.1% CP; 2980 kcal/kg ME - 14-18% FAT  LINOLEIC ACID  LAYER - GOOD SOURCE OF VITAMIN B12 - HIGH FAT CONTENT  RANCIDITY - INCLUSION 50%

10 7. MILLRUN - CONTAIN: BRAN, ALEURON, FEED FLOUR, GERM - 17.2% CP; 2050 kcal/kg ME - LIMITATION TO VERY YOUNG STOCK - AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING - NO NUTRITIONAL LIMITATION, BUT PHYSICAL 8. WHEAT BRAN - CONTAIN: BRAN AND ALEURON - 14.6% CP; 1860 kcal/kg ME - AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING, BUT 15% SAFE - INCLUSION: SOW & FINISHER 30%, POULTRY 20% - NOT RECOMMENDED FOR VERY YOUNG STOCK

11 9. WHEAT POLLARD - CONTAIN: BRAN, ALEURON, FEED FLOUR - 15% CP; 2240 kcal/kg ME - LIMITATION TO VERY YOUNG STOCK - AUTOMATIC FEEDER: BRIDGING - NO NUTRITIONAL LIMITATION, BUT PHYSICAL 10. CORN GLUTEN - BY-PRODUCT OF THE WET MILLING OF MAIZE - 64.6% CP; 3800 kcal/kg ME - IMBALANCE AA - LOW PALABILITY - INCLUSION: 5-15%

12 11. CASSAVA ROOT MEAL - 2.5% CP - 2930-3100 kcal/kg - LINAMARIN AND LOTAUSTRALIN - FAT: HIGHLY UNSATURATED - INCLUSION: NO LIMITATION ON CORRECTLY PROCESSED 12. MOLASSES - 21700 kcal/kg - HIGH POTASSIUM  DIARHE - 79.5 BRIX  1.39 kg/LITER - INCLUSION: 5%

13 13. FAT - TALLOW  SOLID AT 40 O C - LARD  SOLID AT 20-40 O C - OIL  LIQUID BELLOW 20 O C - 8800 kcal/kg - POLYUNSATURATED CONTENT: - COCONUT1% - TALLOW 3% - OLIVE OIL 8% - LARD10% - PEANUT OIL30% - SESAME SEED OIL40% - COTTONSEED50% - MAIZE GERM OIL55% - SOYBEAN 60% - SUNFLOWER65% - RAPESEED70% - COD LIVER OIL80% - HERRING OIL80%

14 SATURATED BUTYRIC ACIDC 4 : 0 CAPROIC ACIDC 6 : 0 CAPRYLIC ACIDC 8 : 0 CAPRIC ACIDC 10 : 0 LAURIC ACIDC 12 : 0 MYRISTIC ACIDC 14 : 0 PALMITIC ACIDC 16 : 0 STEARIC ACIDC 18 : 0 ARACHIDIC ACIDC 20 : 0 MONOSATURATED PALMITOLEIC ACIDC 16 : 1 OLEIC ACIDC 18 : 1 ERUCIC ACIDC 22 : 1 PUFA LINOLEIC ACIDC 18 : 2 LINOLENIC ACIDC 18 : 3 ARACHIDONIC ACIDC 20 : 4 JENIS ASAM LEMAK

15 JENIS PLASMA ASAM LEMAKKOLESTEROLTRIGLISERIDA -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------- C 8:0 -C 10:0 NI C 12:0 IN C 14:0 IIN C 16:0 IIN C 18:0 III C 18:1 NN C 18:2 DD OTHER PUFADD

16 LIPO- PROTEIN TRIGLI- SERIDA CHOLE- STEROL PHOSPO- LIPID CHYLIMICRON 28549 VERY LOW DENSITY 10502218 LOW DENSITY 25104520 HIGH DENSITY 5541724 KOMPOSISI PLASMA LIPOPROTEIN


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