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1 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air Quality Reporting and Assessment RNDr. Jaroslav Fiala, CSc. Czech Hydrometeorological Istitute.

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Presentation on theme: "1 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air Quality Reporting and Assessment RNDr. Jaroslav Fiala, CSc. Czech Hydrometeorological Istitute."— Presentation transcript:

1 1 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air Quality Reporting and Assessment RNDr. Jaroslav Fiala, CSc. Czech Hydrometeorological Istitute

2 2 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air pollution is still a serious environmental problem Despite apparent improvement of air quality over the past decades, there are still substantial impacts on human health, ecosystems and crops. Loss of statistical life expectancy (months) due to anthropogenic PM2.5 emissions Current levels of particles and ozone concentrations cause annually around 380,000 premature deaths in Europe Around 47% of EU’s sensitive ecosystem area received nitrogen (a nutrient) at levels that cause eutrophication and can lead to ecosystem alterations and biodiversity loss

3 3 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute How EEA cotributes to solv air pollution issues? Collect, process and disseminate air emission and air quality data Assess and report on trends in air emissions and in air quality Assess impact of air pollution Support the development, implementation and evaluation of EU policies Cooperate with European and international organisations/institutions EEA provides information support for policy makers:

4 4 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Legal framework of AQ reporting in EU Air quality framework directive 96/62/EC Daughter directives to 96/62/EC –1 st DD (1999/30/EC)  SO2, NO2, NOx, PM10, lead –2 nd DD (2000/69/EC)  benzene, CO –3 rd DD (2002/3/EC)  ozone –4 th DD (2004/107/EC)  Cd, As, Hg, Ni and PAHs Decision 2004/461/EC laying down a questionnaire to be used for annual reporting on ambient air quality assessment in zones and agglomerations Exchange of Information, Decision 97/101/EC establishing a reciprocal exchange of (AQ) information and data from networks within the member states

5 5 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Guiding documents Guidance on the annexes to Decision 97/101/EC on exchange of information as revised by Decision 2001/752/EC (April 2002) Commission Decision 2004/279/EC concerning guidance for implementation of Directive 2002/3/EC relating on ozone in ambient air Guidance on AQ assessment in zones and agglomerations

6 6 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute EEA’s ROLE: Public DATABASES and INTERACTIVE TOOLS AirBase: air quality monitoring data Air Emissions database EPER: high emissions from certain industrial facilities to both air and water Pilot ozone-web: near-real time ozone data

7 7 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Data service – Air Quality Data Publicly available Airbase measurement data: dkeyword&theme=air%20quality AirBase Air Viewer : airview/ airview/?configfile=config_value.x ml&sessionid=27072

8 8 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute

9 9 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Data service – Air Emissions EEA air pollutant emissions data viewer (NEC D) EEA air pollutant emissions data viewer (CLRTAP) European Pollutant Emission Register (EPER)

10 10 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute OzoneWeb A GIS-based system for collecting, providing and visualizing near real-time ambient ozone levels across Europe. Also provides background information on ozone and its health impacts. Website aimed at use by the general public. Developed 1st half Live in June 2006

11 11 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Ozone web - status

12 12 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute EEA’s ROLE: ASSESSMENTS Indicators Spatial assessment – AQ mapping Air Pollution in Europe Report Environment for Europe - The Fourth Assessment (Belgrade) Report Summer Ozone Report Tropospheric Ozone Report

13 13 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute EEA activities: Indicators

14 14 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Indicators – emissions of primárních PM a SIA precursors Aggregated emissions of PPM (PM10) and secondary particulate precursors (NOx, SO2, NH3) were reduced by 45% across the EEA member countries between 1990 and 2005 This was mainly due to the reduction in emissions of the secondary particulate precursors which were reduced by 45% during this period, but also due to reductions in primary PM10 emissions from energy industries, due to the move away from coal to natural gas for electricity generation and improvements in the performance of particulate abatement equipment at coal-fired power stations Total EU-15 emissions of fine particles were reduced by 46% between 1990 and 2005 with the highest decrease in the energy industry sector which reduced its emissions by 65% during this period EU-12 emissions of fine particulate matter were reduced by 54% mainly due to reductions achieved in the industry and energy sectors which reduced their emissions by 70% and 60%, respectively

15 15 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air Quality Indicators In the period % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air concentrations of PM10 in excess of the EU limit value set for the protection of human health. No discernible trend over the period % of the urban population was potentially exposed to ambient air NO2 concentrations above the EU limit value set for the protection of human health (40  g NO2/m3 annual mean). There was a slight downwards trend over the period 13-60% of the urban population in Europe was exposed to ambient ozone concentrations exceeding the EU target value set for the protection of human health (120  g O3/m3 daily maximum 8-hourly average, not to be exceeded more than 25 times a calendar year). There was no discernible trend over the period

16 16 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute AQQs List of zones in EU Member States in relation to air quality thresholds laid down in Council Directives 96/62/EC, 1999/30/EC, 2000/69/EC and 2002/3/EC _2006.pdf

17 17 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air Quality Mapping

18 18 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Air pollution health impact assessment EEA : EU24 (EU25 - CY): 327,000 premature deaths attributable to particulate pollution, 2004 CAFE Thematic Strategy: 348,000 attributable deaths (year 2000)

19 19 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Outputs - Products EEA state and outlooks reports EEA studies Brífinky EEA technical reports EEA multimedia publications Internet/web services

20 20 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute DPSIR casual chain applied in assessments

21 21 ETC/ACC Czech Hydrometeorological Institute Selected AQ Reports Air pollution in Europe Europe's environment — The fourth assessment ort_2007_1/en ort_2007_1/en Air pollution by ozone across Europe during summer n n


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