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EDECON Eco design for the Construction Industry Wendy Carmichael.

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Presentation on theme: "EDECON Eco design for the Construction Industry Wendy Carmichael."— Presentation transcript:

1 EDECON Eco design for the Construction Industry Wendy Carmichael

2 Agenda Introduction EDECON Why Construction? Eco Design Life Cycle Stages &Typical Impacts Product Lifecycle Impact Tool Opportunities Business Benefits


4 EDECON Eco Design for the Construction Industry


6 Why the Construction Industry? 26 million 50%35%

7 Policy Measures supporting Europe 2020 COM(2011) 21 A resource-efficient Europe COM(2011) 571 - The Roadmap to a Resource Efficient Europe COM/2013/0196 - Communication on Building the Single Market for Green Products puts forward two methods to measure environmental performance throughout the lifecycle, the Product Environmental Footprint (PEF) and the Organisation Environmental Footprint (OEF) Rec 2013/179/EU - Commission Recommendation of 9 April 2013 on the use of common methods to measure and communicate the life cycle environmental performance of products and organisations Change in emphasis from energy to resource efficiency and wider life cycle considerations Policy Trends & Issues

8 Regulation No 305-2011 on the Marketing of Construction Products Directive 2001/925/EC on Eco-design of Energy Related Products Energy Performance of Buildings Directive 2010/31/EU(Recast) Waste Framework Directive (2008/98/EC) Environmental legislation in C&D Sector

9 Why is Eco Design so Important?

10 10 Extraction of raw materials ManufacturingPackaging and distribution Use and maintenance Incineration and disposal Cradle to Grave

11 11 Cradle to Cradle

12 Life Cycle Stages

13 Life cycle Impacts

14 Product Lifecycle Impact Tool

15 Exercise Identify Hotspots UPVC Window

16 Materials

17 UPVC Production Natural Gas/Oil Salt Water EthyleneChlorine 1-2, Dichloroethane (Ethylene dichloride) Vinyl chloride monomer Polyvinyl chloride resin Vinyl chloride ‘compound’ Mercury or Asbestos Additives Ethylene Ethylene Dichloride Dioxin Organochlorines Vinyl Chloride Polyvinyl Chloride phthalates electrolysis cracking process oxychlorination cracking polymerisation

18 Glass Production

19 Product Lifecycle Impact Tool

20 Energy

21 Water

22 Waste

23 Hazardous Waste

24 Pollution

25 Social

26 Eco Design Strategies

27 Reduce weight and volume of product Reduce number of parts Increase use of recycled materials Increase use of renewable/sustainable materials Increase incorporation of used components Reduce the use of scarce materials Use locally available materials Eliminate hazardous substances Choose biodegradable materials Reduce number of parts Opportunities – Materials

28 Olympic Stadium compression truss Lightweight structure Manufactured from sub- prime steel (gas pipelines) £0.5 million cost saving Opportunities - Materials Use used/recycled/renewable

29 Use Less Velodrome cable net roof: 90% saving in mass of steel 6 week build period £5.8 million cost saving Opportunities - Materials

30 Opportunities - Transport of raw materials Local suppliers Local products Optimise delivery loads Lightweight products Carbon neutral delivery companies Investigate collaboration with other companies Give preference to low carbon transport mode

31 Transport

32 Transport of raw materials for glass manufacture

33 Reduce energy consumption requirements Reduce water consumption requirements Use renewable energy Recycle water Reduce/Reuse process waste Replace hazardous processes Consider implementing an environmental management system (EMS) Opportunities – Design for Manufacturing

34 Mohawk Flooring Mohawk SmartStrand carpet Renewably sourced polymer, made in part from corn starch 30% less energy required than the production of an equal amount of nylon Opportunities – Design for Manufacturing

35 Minimize product size and weight Optimise shape and volume for maximum packing density Reduce weight and size of packaging – avoid over packaging Increase use of recycled materials in packaging Use reusable/refillable/recyclable packaging Develop local market Give preference to shipping for international transport and rail for domestic transport needs to reduce carbon emissions. Combine orders to reduce transportation requirements Engine management systems/SAFED driver training Opportunities – Design for Distribution

36 Everest Ltd Manufacturer of double-glazed windows and conservatories Realised that it could reduce packaging without increasing damage to its products during transit. Stopped using stretch-wrap around the glass frames The packaging supplier produced redesigned packaging made out of foam protectors at less cost The changes resulted in cost savings of £90,000/year due to: reduced labour time; reduced material costs; reduced disposal costs. Opportunities – Design for Distribution

37 Reduce energy & water requirements, consider renewable sources of energy Reduce requirement for consumables Maximise product lifetime - durable, reliable, easy to maintain, repair & upgrade Reduce emissions to air, water and soil during use Educate user on efficient operation of equipment Consider other complementary functions Consider providing additional services Consider selling a service rather than a product Opportunities – Design For Use


39 Restrict use of substances classified as hazardous Make it easy to dismantle to enable reuse, disassembly and recycling Mark all materials using internationally recognised codes, especially polymers and other recyclable materials Avoid aspects detrimental to reuse and recycling e.g. mixtures of materials Educate user on correct disposal of equipment Consider take-back systems (reduce raw material costs) Opportunities – Design For End of 1 st Life

40 Anglian Windows

41 Tackles raw materials shortage by creating new carpet tiles from old

42 Business Benefits of Eco Design

43 Thank you

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