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Old ferries, some over 40 years ageing infrastructure economic challenges MV Jupiter built in 1973 Port Ellen - Islay The Issues Facing CMAL Owns or operates.

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Presentation on theme: "Old ferries, some over 40 years ageing infrastructure economic challenges MV Jupiter built in 1973 Port Ellen - Islay The Issues Facing CMAL Owns or operates."— Presentation transcript:

1 old ferries, some over 40 years ageing infrastructure economic challenges MV Jupiter built in 1973 Port Ellen - Islay The Issues Facing CMAL Owns or operates 24 harbours Owns 30 ferries – average age 22yrs

2 Where CMAL operates - Routes and Ports

3 Greater redundancy Reduce fuel consumption Reduced impact of CO2 emissions and other pollutants Uncertainty of future fuel costs Insurance against increasing environmental regulation Noise reduction Possibility to operate in zero emission mode when vessel is at port Lower maintenance Reasons for Considering Hybrid Propulsion

4 Lead AcidLithium Ion Depth of Discharge50%80% Cycle life at 50% Depth of Discharge % DoD Energy Density20 Wh/kg100 Wh/kg Charge Efficiency60%95-99% MaintenanceMaintenance requiredMaintenance Free Lead Acid – Lithium Comparison

5 AC DC AC Battery Propulsion Motor ) Shore Supply Mode 1 - Generator Mode 2 - Generator + Battery Mode 3 -Battery Mode 4 -Battery charging Hotel Generator Variable Speed Drive Modes of Operation

6 Aft Engine Room Fwd Engine Room G1 G3 G2 G4 Prop 2 M2 Converter Main Switchboard Prop 1 M1 Converter Aft Prop Room Fwd Prop Room Aft Battery Room Battery Bank 2 Battery Bank 1 Fwd Battery Room Machinery Arrangement

7 Reasons for Hybrid Propulsion System Reducing Emissions >20% Possibly zero emissions in harbour as vessel will be powered by batteries or shore supply while in harbour mode Energy Savings Fuel Savings, on existing vessels there are periods of low load running, which can increase SFOC by 5-10% Reduced Operating Costs Reduced noise when operating on batteries Flexible and efficient operation, excellent redundancy Less Installed Power by optimising machinery selection The batteries onboard the vessel could be charged overnight from a shore supply, could be a wind turbine or from a source of renewable power (Hydro or Wind Farm). The Future - Hybrid Ferries


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