Presentation on theme: "About DAPS Men only Referrals come from CSC. Men have to be in families where child(ren) are on CP or high-end CIN Centred around a one-to-one intervention."— Presentation transcript:
1Nick Young Domestic Abuse Perpetrator Service (DAPS) Bracknell Forest Council
2About DAPSMen onlyReferrals come from CSC. Men have to be in families where child(ren) are on CP or high-end CINCentred around a one-to-one intervention programmeOther things include assessments, reports for court, support service for clients when they are experiencing episodes of anger/sadness/depression
3Theoretical underpinnings Gender inclusive – acceptance that in Situational Couple Violence relationships the abuse may be two-way BUT…The Perpetrator is always responsible and held accountable for his abusive behaviour AND…There IS an extreme end of the DA spectrum - “Coercive Control” – that is more explicitly gendered.The Perpetrator gets something out of his abusive behaviour and developing discrepancy between his actions and his core values is vital in instigating change.In some cases, individual’s personality traits/disorders and relationship dynamics are more important in understanding and treating perpetrators than the traditional Power and Control models.
4Domestic Violence: Relationship Pattern Types (Kelly and Johnson, 2008) 4 part typology:Separation Instigated ViolenceSituational Couple ViolenceViolent ResistanceCoercive ControlFamily court review
5Coercive Control Almost completely male perp/female victim Relationship entails range of abuse – physical, sexual, emotional, isolationPower, control and subjugation of victim the primary motivationHigher likelihood of severe violence/murderDegradation – humiliation.
6Separation Instigated Violence No previous abuse in relationship – violence is uncharacteristic.Usually perpetrated by the non-initiating partnerLittle use of minimisation/denial – more likely to accept responsibility/culpabilityRelatively short-term phenomena – represents “temporary loss of psychological control”.
7Situational Couple Violence Violence/abuse is two wayCouple both have problems regulating emotionsPoor conflict resolution skillsAlcohol/substance misuse sometimes a factorAccounts for the majority of referrals to the DAPS
8Violent ResistanceEssentially self defence, but renamed to make it distinct from the legal concept of self defenceA reaction to Coercive Control – so usually female on maleRarely reported to PoliceAlso 1 n/a as was adolescent to parent.
9Perpetrator Types (Holtzworth-Monroe and Stuart, 1994) Generally ViolentBorderline/DysphoricFamily OnlyTalk about how perp programmes can’t be one size fits all. But perps can be broken down into 3 types which can inform the treatment path.
10Generally Violent Mod-High severity of violence Mod-High Level of psychological and sexual abuseHigh likelihood of extrafamilial violenceHigh likelihood of other criminal behaviourPersonality disorders tend to include anti-social PDHigh likelihood of alcohol/substance misuseLow levels of depressionMod levels of anger
11Borderline/Dysphoric Mod-High severity of violenceMod-High levels of psychological/sexual abuseLow-med levels of extrafamilial violenceLow-med levels of other criminal behaviourPersonality disorders tend to be borderline or schizoidHigh levels of depressionHigh levels of angerTalk about negative affectivity – co-existing intense emotions Anger/jealousy/fear/dysphoria
12Family Only Low severity of violence (?) Low levels of psychological and sexual abuse (?)Low levels of extrafamilial violenceLow levels of other criminal behaviourNo personality disorder as such, possibly passive/dependentLow levels of alcohol/drug abuseModerate levels of anger (?)Talk about how sense of self is overly invested in relationship.
13The Programme Two phases: Engagement and Action Engagement 5 weeks. Action 8-10 weeks
14Engagement sessionsWelcome – “where you’re at”. Miracle question. Gains and losses. Time Out.Values cards exercise. Motivation to change.Duluth wheel exercise – Power and Control.Strengths cards exercise – confidence building.Review gains and losses, Equality Wheel exercise. “Where does this leave you?”Goal planning for the Action phase (if applicable)Each session scores 1-10 expressed levels of culpability/responsibility/remorseHighlights how abusive behaviour is working against core values and aspirations. Being a good parent.
15Action Modules Incident deconstruction (patterns/triggers) Positive and negative self-talkI-statementsNegotiationActive listeningAssertivenessAnger ManagementRelaxationEmpathy and Perspective takingManaging children’s behaviourCommunication – empathy for violent/coercive control. Is empathy something that can be taught? Debates in forensic science.
16Outcomes TOTAL number of men to go through the service: 46 Number of men with children on CP at the point of referral: 27Of these 27:21 Men have had children removed from Child Protection Plans and placed on Child in Need plans (45 individual CPPs reduced)1 man had child’s case transferred out of area5 men had children who were on CP who subsequently became LAC
17Outcomes continued….Number of men with children on CIN plans at point of referral who were referred to DAPS for preventative work: 18Of these 18:15 did not have their child/children’s CIN plan “escalated” to a CP plan.1 had children’s CIN plans discontinued but had disengaged from DAPS after only one session.2 men had children on CIN plans that were subsequently made subject to CP despite preventative work.Others:1 man’s children were LAC at the point of referral and remained LAC.
18Some nice things people have said about DAPS…. “The part on positive thinking teaches you to think rather than just lash out.” (Perpetrator)“I think it’s made me feel safer and more at ease. Before, I wasn’t an equal partner. I’m more equal now and more secure about myself. He pays me compliments now and is being more of an adult.” (Partner)“If he could feel something starting, he could walk away from it and take some time out to think about it.” (Partner)“It shows you not how to command respect, but how to develop respect. It has taught me more of an education rather than just to tell you what to do and you do it asap.” (Perpetrator)
19Some more nice things people have said about DAPS…. “He is more willing to listen and understand. Before, if I had a problem it would blow up into a massive argument.” (Partner)I didn’t realise that the arguing I had with my wife which they overheard could have such an effect on them. That is another thing the programme has made me aware of and I have tried to curb that. (Perpetrator).“We have four children and I do feel that it has made a difference to them. They are a lot happier now. They didn’t want him to be around before but now they want him here. (Partner)”“The kids report that Dad doesn’t shout any more.” (Social Worker)“I have been trying to find this support for ages. It was not offered to me before … it’s been amazing, it has really changed my life for the better. There is a lack of services like this which places people in a difficult position. It has just helped me so much.” (Perpetrator)“I think it’s just really good and hope they can carry on with what they are doing as I think a lot of people could benefit from it.” (Partner)