5Although sometimes you may want to frame in the center! Lines of Travel
6A very well used example is the station platform to draw your eye to the point where the train will appear or a scene is taking place.Examples: A brief Encounter, Once Upon a Time in the West, Harry PotterThe Rule of Thirds is often thought of as a simplification of the Golden RatioAnd takes account of lines of travel as well –
7Poor compositionWatch for objects such as signs and plants sticking out of peoples heads!
8Angles Use a low camera angle to make subjects look imposing Use a high camera angle to makeA subject look vulnerable.Quick video -
9Lighting Lighting can be used to add depth to a subject or frame Used to add moodUsed to add meaningSpecial effects (such as a car driving past)You need to use time of day for natural lighting or use light sources thatare around you if indoors. Try moving lamps and see what effect you get.
10Shot Types POV – point of view from the subject Two shot Extreme Close UP - ECUAs well as – medium shot, close up, wide shot, long shot, mid shot……… and so onMore info here -Also don’t forget cut –ins and cutaways as these can be very useful in post productionAnd put these together - (3mins in)
11Camera Movement There are many types of camera movement including: Pan TiltTrackFollowArcZoomCraneUse these to add interest or suspense along with the other techniquesCombine shot types with movement such as POV, pan, track, wide, CUExamples of tracking shots
12Lead Space and Head Room More hereEspecially important with moving subjects so they don’t look like they are bumping into the edge of the frame.