Presentation on theme: "Videography Principles, Techniques and Conventions."— Presentation transcript:
Videography Principles, Techniques and Conventions
Framing & Composition Framing is where you position objects of interest.
Rule of Thirds Look to frame points of interest at the points of intersection
Rule of thirds Watch the video - http://vimeo.com/14315821http://vimeo.com/14315821
Although sometimes you may want to frame in the center! Lines of Travel
A very well used example is the station platform to draw your eye to the point where the train will appear or a scene is taking place. Examples: A brief Encounter, Once Upon a Time in the West, Harry Potter The Rule of Thirds is often thought of as a simplification of the Golden Ratio And takes account of lines of travel as well – http://photo.stackexchange.com/questions/8965/what-is-the-golden-ratio-and-why-is-it-better-than-the-rule-of-thirds
Poor composition Watch for objects such as signs and plants sticking out of peoples heads!
Angles Use a high camera angle to make A subject look vulnerable. Use a low camera angle to make subjects look imposing Quick video - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQV-PC-q9B4&feature=youtube_gdata_playerhttp://www.youtube.com/watch?v=kQV-PC-q9B4&feature=youtube_gdata_player
Lighting Lighting can be used to add depth to a subject or frame Used to add mood Used to add meaning Special effects (such as a car driving past) You need to use time of day for natural lighting or use light sources that are around you if indoors. Try moving lamps and see what effect you get.
Shot Types POV – point of view from the subject Two shot Extreme Close UP - ECU As well as – medium shot, close up, wide shot, long shot, mid shot……… and so on More info here - http://www.mediacollege.com/video/shots/http://www.mediacollege.com/video/shots/ Also don’t forget cut –ins and cutaways as these can be very useful in post production And put these together - http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J0BrdMi-oyc (3mins in)http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=J0BrdMi-oyc
Camera Movement There are many types of camera movement including: Pan Tilt Track Follow Arc Zoom Crane Use these to add interest or suspense along with the other techniques Combine shot types with movement such as POV, pan, track, wide, CU http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yn2xSNv0TSk http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=yn2xSNv0TSk Examples of tracking shots http://trueslant.com/mikeharvkey/2009/11/30/the-10-best-long-tracking- shots-ever-filmed/ http://trueslant.com/mikeharvkey/2009/11/30/the-10-best-long-tracking- shots-ever-filmed/
Lead Space and Head Room More here http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pd0K2u1Bk8http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=0pd0K2u1Bk8 Especially important with moving subjects so they don’t look like they are bumping into the edge of the frame.