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Objects Falling from Height – Awareness & Prevention CHSG | September 19 th 2012 Tony Horsfall, CHSG Director/Trustee HI-DROPS Harsco Infrastructure -

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Presentation on theme: "Objects Falling from Height – Awareness & Prevention CHSG | September 19 th 2012 Tony Horsfall, CHSG Director/Trustee HI-DROPS Harsco Infrastructure -"— Presentation transcript:

1 Objects Falling from Height – Awareness & Prevention CHSG | September 19 th 2012 Tony Horsfall, CHSG Director/Trustee HI-DROPS Harsco Infrastructure - Dropped Object Prevention Scheme

2 1 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Understanding Dropped Objects

3 2 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Understanding Dropped Objects What is a Dropped Object?  Any item / object that falls from its previous position  Has a capability for harm and damage derived from its kinetic energy  Any item / object that falls from its previous static position under its own weight – gravity  Any item / object that falls from its previous static position due to applied force from manual handling, equipment/machinery, vibration, high wind, additional weight or the force of a moving object – like a collision during lifting – now considered a dynamic dropped object

4 3 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD The Law says … The Work at Height Regulations 2005: Regulations 10 & 11, state Every employer shall take suitable and sufficient steps to prevent, as far as reasonably practicable, the fall of materials or objects Where the above cannot be achieved, steps must be taken to ensure that persons cannot be struck by falling objects and materials Areas presenting danger of fall or being struck by objects must be clearly marked with entry prevented

5 4 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Objectives Understanding Dropped Objects  What is it and how bad is the problem?  What are the consequences? How to identify and assess potential Dropped Objects  Hazard observation, pre-start Task Risk Assessment, supervisor inspections How to prevent Dropped Objects  Education, awareness and communication  Task pre-planning  The tools and systems we can employ  The improvements we can make

6 5 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD How bad is the problem in UK industry? HSE Statistics – UK Industry Fatalities 2001 – 2009 HSE Statistics – UK Industry Serious Injuries 2001 – 2009

7 6 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Communication - HI SHEQ Portal

8 7 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Incident Reporting - Incident Management System

9 8 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD HI-DROPS Reporting

10 9 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Average Height (m) & Weight (kg) of Dropped Objects Average Weight (kg) Average Height (m)

11 10 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Has anything changed? Globally in 2011, Harsco Infrastructure reported 33 near misses and 39 minor injuries as a result of objects falling from height Vehicles, windows, equipment have been damaged and potentially our reputation If the circumstances were slightly different, if we hadn’t planned No Go zones, along with a modicum of luck, we could have experienced a number of serious injury incidents We need to put a stop to this, now. The solution, we could say, “is in our hands’’ But is anything different than before? No. It is because we are focused on improved reporting since 2010 that this concern, which all the industry knows about, jumps out of the page at us

12 11 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Dropped Object Prevention Scheme

13 12 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD What are we doing about it? HI-DROPS is a company-wide initiative focused on preventing objects falling from height Scope applies to all personnel at all worksites and facilities and is to apply to our customers, contractors and outside agencies HI-DROPS reflects industry standards and best practice The HI-DROPS Steering Committee and Working Groups are developing improved methods of handling material at height, implementing training and awareness campaigns and continually monitoring performance

14 13 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Dropped Objects Objects that could and do fall from height at a worksite  Scaffolding components, boards, clamps, ties (loose, stacked, stored, handled, unsecured)  Ladders, gates, lifting equipment, baskets  Hand tools (spanners, hammers, spirit levels, measuring tapes, tool belts)  Items from host structure (nuts, bolts, bricks, lights, aerials, slates, rivets, rubble, windows, brackets)  Scaffold structure (design, footings, ties, overload, wind, vibration etc)  PPE (hard hat, safety glasses, fall arrest equipment)  Debris on the scaffold (loose items, litter, rubble)  Bottles, cans, phones, radios, personal items  Customer / contractor materials, tools and equipment

15 14 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Contributory Factors  Incorrect fittings  Poor inspection, repair and maintenance  Poor housekeeping, no control of items aloft  Environmental conditions (wind, rain, snow and ice)  Lack of experience, hazards not identified.  Unnecessary distractions whilst undertaking task  Not following the plan or procedure  Failure to recognize and manage change  Lack of experience or knowledge.

16 15 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Dropped Object incidents Have you witnessed a dropped object incident?  What happened?  Did anyone get hurt?  What damage occurred?  Why did it happen?  Could it have been prevented?  Has anything changed as a result?

17 16 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD When PPE Becomes Essential

18 17 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD PPE Saves a Life

19 18 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Rogues Gallery TRANSOM (3kg) BATTEN (6kg) BOARD (11kg) WHEEL (7.5kg)COUPLER (1.4kg)

20 19 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Consequences FAT = LTI = RWC = FAC / MTC = IF THE SWIVEL COUPLER FALLS 5 LIFTS AND STRIKES A PERSON ON THE GROUND WEIGHT: 1.4kg (approx 3lb) FALLING FROM: 10.7m (35ft) What is the Potential Consequence? 1.4kg 10.7m FATALITY

21 20 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Procedural Controls Company Policy Industry Standards Equipment Maintenance and Certification Site Inspections Safe Working Practices Permits Toolbox Talks Customer Programmes

22 21 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Preventive and Mitigating Controls Preventive Controls Effective Planning Risk Assessment Primary Fixings / Secondary Retention Site Inspections, Maintenance Tools and Equipment Aloft Registers and Log Books Management of Distractions Observation (STOP), Individual Awareness and Vigilance HI-DROP Training Mitigating Controls Safety Securing Systems Effective Use of Barriers Restricted Access Areas (Red Zones / No Go Zones) Tools at Height Kits PPE (Personal Protective Equipment) Communications, Standby Persons and PA Warnings PREVENTING AN INCIDENT BY REDUCING THE LIKELIHOOD THAT AN INCIDENT WILL OCCUR REDUCING THE CONSEQUENCES OF AN INCIDENT IF PREVENTIVE CONTROLS FAIL OR ARE NOT EFFECTIVE

23 22 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Incident Reporting/Learnings UNSAFE ACT OR CONDITION DROPPED OBJECT INCIDENT INJURY OR DAMAGE? YES REPORT AND SUBSEQUENT INVESTIGATION BENEFITS OF REPORTING = Recommendations and Corrective Actions identified and implemented Opportunities for Learning Greater Awareness of Hazards Improved Tools and Equipment Improved Procedures and Working Practices Shared Best Practice Industry Safety Alerts DANGEROUS OCCURENCE? YES NO REPORT AND SUBSEQUENT INVESTIGATION = OBSERVATION & SUBSEQUENT ACTIONS = Quality of reporting is critical in understanding dropped object incidents so we can focus on elimination and prevention strategies

24 23 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Training in the Basic Rules Set up an exclusion zone wherever possible Tether tools when working at height Wear the correct gloves to provide improved grip of the materials being handled at height (ATG – Maxitherm) Be cautious and exercise proper technique when handling heavy materials and awkward to carry objects, especially when working at height Strap hard hat on properly, do up the chin strap and ensure all PPE being used fits securely Keep the working area tidy to prevent any debris falling or being kicked from the scaffold/platform Use hands free lifting methods to take objects to height eg hoists Use same methods to bring objects down to ground - NEVER ‘bomb’ objects Cost of Accidents: In the Real World

25 24 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Site Inspections

26 25 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Securing Methods Nets Lanyards Securing Wires IS THE METHOD SUITABLE? ARE NEW RISKS INTRODUCED? DOES IT CONFORM TO BEST PRACTICE? IS IT CERTIFIED / RATED? IS IT CORRECTLY INSTALLED? HOW IS IT TESTED AND MAINTAINED? HAS IT BEEN RECORDED IN THE EQUIPMENT ALOFT REGISTERS? IF IT IS REMOVED, IS IT REINSTATED CORRECTLY? MITIGATING CONTROLS HI-DROPS safe handling of tools at height Best Practice in development

27 26 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Prevention - Planning for safe material storage At the design stage (before work commences), it is imperative to plan for the safe storage of material during scaffold erection, methods of stopping objects falling and creating an exclusion zone during scaffold erection (and when other services are using the scaffold platform)

28 27 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Safe Zone Design for materials on a work platform  Strengthened platforms to be included in the scaffold design and scaffold plan  The strengthened platforms to be highlighted on the design drawing

29 28 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD  Storage of materials in fixed pallets Material Storage Zone on Working Platform

30 29 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Caution: during dismantling, the risk of overloading the work platform increases if dismantling speed exceeds transport speed ie removing the material from the work platform and site Material safe zones on a work platform

31 30 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Go Home Safe, Tools at Height

32 31 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD Summary What are you going to do about preventing Dropped Objects in your workplace  Communicate, raise awareness, intervene where appropriate  Reliable Securing – recognise its role  List inherent hazards so others may learn  Plan for the prevention of dropped objects  Dropped Objects occur everywhere, be vigilant Thank you for your time and interest - Any Questions?

33 32 WE HELP BUILD THE WORLD All rights, including copyright and trademarks, are expressly reserved and no part of these materials may be reproduced or distributed outside of the customer's organization in any form without our (Harsco Infrastructure Services Limited) prior written consent harsco-i.co.uk


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