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The Ram and the He Goat Daniel 8 The conflict Emergence of Greece The Little Horn of the East.

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Presentation on theme: "The Ram and the He Goat Daniel 8 The conflict Emergence of Greece The Little Horn of the East."— Presentation transcript:

1 The Ram and the He Goat Daniel 8 The conflict Emergence of Greece The Little Horn of the East

2 What it’s all about… In taking a general survey of the contents of the Book of Daniel, it may be seen that two great powers are the principal subjects of its predictions. The one is styled "THE KINGDOM OF MEN" (Dan 4:17) and the other, "THE KINGDOM OF GOD" (Dan 2:44) (Dan 4:3) (Dan 7:27).

3 Daniel’s Visions KINGDOM DANIEL 2 DANIEL 7 DANIEL 8 Persia The Breast and Arms of Silver The Bear The Ram Greece The Belly and Thighs of Brass The Leopard The He Goat

4 The Ram (Medes & Persians) Dan 8:20 The ram which thou sawest having two horns are the kings of Media and Persia. "did according to its will, and became great". The reason of this greatness is given in Dan 11:1, from which we learn that it was because the kings of the Ram dynasty were strengthened by an angel-prince devoted to the interests of Judah.

5 The Persian Kingdom

6 The He Goat - Greece "behold, a He-Goat came from the west over the face of the whole earth"; that is, over the face of the whole Ram-empire; and nothing upon the earth smote (him), and the Goat had a conspicuous horn between his eyes". "And the rough Goat is the kingdom of Grecia; and the Great Horn between his eyes is the first king"; and what is affirmed of them is thus explained in Dan 11:3, "And a mighty king shall stand up, that shall rule with great dominion, and do according to his will".

7 The Conflict (Dan 8:6-7) "And he came to the Ram, and ran unto him in the fury of his power; and he came close to him, and was moved with anger against him, and smote the Ram, and brake his two horns; and there was no power in the Ram to stand before him, but he cast him down to the ground, and stamped upon him; and there was none that could deliver the Ram out of his power".

8 Alexander’s Empire

9 The Death of Alexander “when the Goat was strong, the Great Horn was broken” that is, the power of the kingdom departed from the first king and his family

10 The Dividing of Alexander’s Empire Alexander’s empire was divided amongst his four generals; Ptolemy, Lysimachus, Seleucus, and Cassander. They each administered a separate part of the Grecian Empire as follows: - The kingdom of the south comprising Egypt, Libya, Arabia, Coele- syria and Palestine (administered by the Ptolimies). - The kingdom of the north-west, comprising Thrace, Bithinya, or Thraco-Macedonia (established by Lysimachus). - The kingdom of the north-east, comprehending the rest of Asia, including Babylon and its precincts, extending beyond the Euphrates to the Indus. This was the Macedo-Babylonish kingdom of the Selucidae (referred to as the king of the north). - The kingdom of the west, embracing Macedonia and Greece (administered by Cassander).

11 Exposition of Daniel Of the four heads of the Leopard and the four horns of the Goat, but two only figure in the prophecy of Daniel's book. The reason of this is, that the prophecy was not delivered to prefigure the history of the Gentiles; but to foreshow how the international policy of some of them in its bearing upon Judah, the Holy Land, and the saints, would at length create such a situation of affairs in the end, as would favor the execution of the divine purpose of demolishing the powers of the Gentiles in the establishing of the Kingdom of God.

12 Exposition of Daniel "The secret of Yahweh is with them that fear him." The matter is therefore revealed for the information of those that obey him that they may not be taken unawares. "The wise shall understand." Let them know, then, that the policy of only two heads of the Leopard is foreshown, because they only of the four had to do with Judah and the Holy Land; and were sufficient to connect the iron with the silver of the Image.

13 Exposition of Daniel Hence the individual dominion of Alexander was the Belly, and these two heads also the two Thighs of brass; and therefore continuous with the iron Roman leg; so that the brass and iron limbs of the Image from hip to ankle represent the fourth form in its Graeco-Roman constitution. The two thighs and the two heads represent the Kingdom of the South, and the Kingdom of the North-east…

14 The Little Horn Dan 8:23 And in the latter time of their kingdom, when the transgressors are come to the full, a king of fierce countenance, and understanding dark sentences, shall stand up. Dan 8:24 And his power shall be mighty, but not by his own power: and he shall destroy wonderfully, and shall prosper, and practice, and shall destroy the mighty and the holy people.

15 From Elpis Israel Now, in the latter time of these four Macedonian kingdoms, a fifth power made its appearance among them, and subdued them all. This is represented in the vision by a Little Horn growing up out of one of the four horns; and in the prophecy, as "a king doing according to his will" (Dan 11:36). Though relatively small in its beginnings, this fifth power "waxed exceeding great, toward the south, or Egypt; towards the east, or Euphrates; and toward the pleasant land of Canaan."

16 From Elpis Israel The Little Horn, then, is representative of the dragon's power in the East -- that is, of the Roman; which was planted on the Assyro-Macedonian Horn B.C. 65, when it became a province of the dragon empire. It continued to wax exceeding great in these countries until it established its dominion over Syria, Palestine, part of Arabia, and Egypt. The tenth, eleventh, and twelfth verses of the 8th chapter represent the part it was to enact in the overthrow of the Jewish State; and the twenty-fifth, outlines its ecclesiastical policy, and its exaltation against the Prince of princes in "the last end of the indignation," when it "shall be broken without hand" -- that is, by the Stone of Israel when he smites the Image on the feet.

17 The Little Horn: Chapter 8 Verse 9 - It grew out of one of the Grecian kingdoms - It waxed exceeding great toward south and east and to the pleasant land. Its origin was north and west and it invaded Palestine Verse 10 It opposed God’s people (the host of heaven) and overthrew Jewish rulers (stars) Verse 11 - It opposed the prince of the host (the Messiah) - It took away the sacrificial system and cast down the sanctuary

18 The Little Horn: Chapter 8 Verse 12 and 24 God was using it in these judgments because of the transgression of His people Verse 23 It is described as a king of fierce countenance and understanding dark sentences Verse 25 - It causes craft to prosper - It finally meets its end at the hands of the Prince of Princes (the Messiah).

19 Verse 24 Messiah comes at the end of seventy weeks, but is “cut off”. Verse 26 The destruction of God’s people follows this by the people of the prince (see God shall send forth his armies, Matt. 22:7) City and sanctuary are destroyed and desolations follow Verse 27 Desolations continue till the judgment on the desolator The Little Horn: Chapter 9

20 Verse 36 - The king is willful and exalts himself above every God - Speaks marvelous things against the God of gods - He continues until God’s indignation against His people ends Verse 37 He shall not regard the god of his fathers; nor the desire of women: he magnifies himself above all The Little Horn: Chapter 11

21 Verse 38 He honors the god of forces Verse 39 In this interest the land is divided for gain. The final conflicts, which end in its overthrow, are described. The Little Horn: Chapter 11

22 Rome There is but one answer— Rome, to whom the Kingdom of Babylon had passed from the successors of Seleucus, one of Alexander’s generals who is represented by the northern horn. By the absorption of the northern kingdom into the Roman empire, a union was formed between it and the Graeco- Babylonian power of the Seleucidae; so that as these were heirs of Alexander's kingdom of Babylon, the Romans inherited it from them. Hence the power peculiar to this territory, styled "the whole earth", may very properly be called the Romano-Greek Babylonian; or the Latino-Greek Babylonian.

23 Rome and Judah This advance of the Roman power eastward was preparatory to the use Yahweh was going to make of them in the crucifixion of Jesus, the punishment of Judah, and the abolition of the Mosaic system, as predicted in the eighth chapter, and the prophecy of the Seventy Weeks.

24 Christ’s Prophecy Christ’s prophecy of the approach of the Roman arms, and his allusion to the reason of their permitted triumph (Matt. 24; Luke 21), furnish the finishing evidence of the identity of the little horn of the goat with the Roman power, whose outlined mission is not yet accomplished. It is nearly so but not quite.” Having destroyed Jerusalem in a.d. 70, it “cast down the truth to the ground.”

25 Cast Down the Truth First, under the Pagan Cæsars, it persecuted the witnesses of Christ’s resurrection, and employed its power against all who received their testimony Secondly, when the Pagan form of Rome’s Government was overthrown, and Christianity became nominally the religion of the State, it nullified New Testament Christianity by promulgating fables in its name, and persecuting and destroying to the ground all that opposed its corrupt doctrine, and contended for “the commandments of God and the faith of Jesus Christ.”

26 Against the Prince of Princes The “kings of the earth” that oppose Christ are the “ten kings,” and the ten kings are the Roman kings, the kings of the Roman earth as shown by the ten horses appearing on the head of the Roman dragon. In their last essay, they are headed up under the pontifical power of Rome. Rome thus, in its last appearance on the stage, “stands up against the Prince of Princes.”

27 2,400 Years It is 2,400 years ago since the Persian ram appeared on the historic arena. We are, therefore, close under the shadow of the finishing event of the vision, which is thus announced, then shall the sanctuary be cleansed.

28 Jesus So, in this 8th chapter, we see the connection with Jesus, which leads us directly to his presence at his coming in power and great glory. It supplies us with the historic framework to which that event is related. It connects the times and events in which we ourselves are embraced with the greatest of all events in which God’s plan with the earth has its issue.

29 Nothing more … … appeals powerfully to human motive than the certainty that human life will shortly come under the review of an unerring and omnipotent judge whom God has ordained to “give to every man according as his work shall be.”

30 Nothing more… … powerfully nerves a man to the endurance of the hardships of a faithful service than the prospect of Christ’s approbation of that service, and his practical recognition of it in the promotion of the faithful servant to a position of honor and love among myriads of the Father’s perfected sons in a day of power and gladness.

31 Nothing more… … thoroughly enables a man to cheerfully resign himself to the position of a stranger in the earth abdicating political privileges and foregoing political benefits and distinctions than the conviction that not only are all human politics ultimately vain, but that there waits at the door with Christ, the solution of every problem that affects the well-being of man, whether physiological, social, spiritual or political.

32 Visions Shown to Daniel - All this spiritual comfort and moral power comes with faith in the visions shown to Daniel. - They are the authentic exhibition of God’s purpose—a purpose to bring order out of confusion, good out of evil, well being and glory out of the affliction that has lain heavily on the human lot since human life appeared upon the earth. - They present the holy land and people as the pivot of operations, concurrently with “the truth” sent to them which Rome has “cast down to the ground.”

33 Jerusalem We pray for the peace of Jerusalem Psalm 137: “If I forget thee, O Jerusalem, let my right hand forget its cunning. If I do not remember thee, let my tongue cleave to the roof of my mouth, if I prefer not Jerusalem above my chief joy.”

34 Christ our Passover Are these things disconnected with “Christ our Passover?” On the contrary, they all converge in him. They are all grouped around that table at which he said “I will drink no more of the fruit of the vine till that day that I drink it new with you in my Father’s Kingdom.” He himself is the center of all the things shown to Daniel and of all the hopes outlined in his glorious visions.

35 The Victory "Make a joyful noise to Yahweh, all the earth; make a loud noise, and rejoice and sing praise. Sing unto Yahweh with the harp; with the harp and the voice of a psalm. With trumpets and sound of cornets make a joyful noise before Yahweh, the King. Let the sea roar, and the fulness thereof; the world and they that dwell therein. Let the floods clap their hands; let the hills be joyful together before Yahweh; for he cometh to rule the earth; with righteousness shall he rule the world, and with equity the peoples". Psalm 98:4-9


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